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#### Remarks on Clustered Eigenvalues.

In the case when the eigenvalue has one or more other eigenvalues of close by, in other words, when belongs to clustered eigenvalues, as guaranteed by (4.54), the computed is still accurate as long as is tiny, but the computed eigenvector may be inaccurate because of the appearance of the gap in the denominator of (4.56). It turns out that each individual eigenvector associated with the clustered eigenvalues is very sensitive to perturbations, but the eigenspace spanned by all the eigenvectors associated with the clustered eigenvalues is not. Thus, for the clustered eigenvalues, we should instead compute the entire eigenspace. A theory along the lines given above can be established, starting with a residual matrix where is diagonal with diagonal entries consisting of approximations to all the eigenvalues in the cluster, and the columns of are the corresponding approximate eigenvectors. Assume that has orthonormal columns and that is closer to , the diagonal matrix whose diagonal entries consist of all the eigenvalues in the cluster. Let be the eigenvector matrix associated with , and let be the smallest difference between any approximate eigenvalue in the diagonal of and those eigenvalues of not presented in the diagonal of . Then where is diagonal with diagonal entries being the arccosines of the singular values of . Because of the way it is defined, this gap is expected to be big and thus will be small as long as is.     Next: Remarks on Eigenvalue Computations Up: Stability and Accuracy Assessments Previous: Error Bound for Computed   Contents   Index
Susan Blackford 2000-11-20