!- Converted with LaTeX2HTML 0.6.4 (Tues Aug 30 1994) by Nikos Drakos (firstname.lastname@example.org), CBLU, University of Leeds ->
Here we show a simple Fortran program, PSDOT, for computing a dot product. The program computes the dot product of arrays, X and Y. First PSDOT calls PVMFMYTID() and PVMFPARENT(). The PVMFPARENT call will return PVMNOPARENT if the task wasn't spawned by another PVM task. If this is the case, then PSDOT is the master and must spawn the other worker copies of PSDOT. PSDOT then asks the user for the number of processes to use and the length of vectors to compute. Each spawned process will receive n/nproc elements of X and Y, where n is the length of the vectors and nproc is the number of processes being used in the computation. If nproc does not divide n evenly, then the master will compute the dot product on extra the elements. The subroutine SGENMAT randomly generates values for X and Y. PSDOT then spawns nproc - 1 copies of itself and sends each new task a part of the X and Y arrays. The message contains the length of the subarrays in the message and the subarrays themselves. After the master spawns the worker processes and sends out the subvectors, the master then computes the dot product on its portion of X and Y. The master process then receives the other local dot products from the worker processes. Notice that the PVMFRECV call uses a wildcard (-1) for the task id parameter. This indicates that a message from any task will satisfy the receive. Using the wildcard in this manner results in a race condition. In this case the race condition does not cause a problem since addition is commutative. In other words, it doesn't matter in which order we add the partial sums from the workers. Unless one is certain that the race will not have an adverse effect on the program, race conditions should be avoided.
Once the master receives all the local dot products and sums them into a global dot product, it then calculates the entire dot product locally. These two results are then subtracted, and the difference between the two values is printed. A small difference can be expected because of the variation in floating-point roundoff errors.
If the PSDOT program is a worker then it receives a message from the master process containing subarrays of X and Y. It calculates the dot product of these subarrays and sends the result back to the master process. In the interests of brevity we do not include the SGENMAT and SDOT subroutines.