*> \brief \b ZLASYF_RK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method.
*
* =========== DOCUMENTATION ===========
*
* Online html documentation available at
* http://www.netlib.org/lapack/explore-html/
*
*> \htmlonly
*> Download ZLASYF_RK + dependencies
*>
*> [TGZ]
*>
*> [ZIP]
*>
*> [TXT]
*> \endhtmlonly
*
* Definition:
* ===========
*
* SUBROUTINE ZLASYF_RK( UPLO, N, NB, KB, A, LDA, E, IPIV, W, LDW,
* INFO )
*
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
* CHARACTER UPLO
* INTEGER INFO, KB, LDA, LDW, N, NB
* ..
* .. Array Arguments ..
* INTEGER IPIV( * )
* COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), E( * ), W( LDW, * )
* ..
*
*
*> \par Purpose:
* =============
*>
*> \verbatim
*> ZLASYF_RK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric
*> matrix A using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal
*> pivoting method. The partial factorization has the form:
*>
*> A = ( I U12 ) ( A11 0 ) ( I 0 ) if UPLO = 'U', or:
*> ( 0 U22 ) ( 0 D ) ( U12**T U22**T )
*>
*> A = ( L11 0 ) ( D 0 ) ( L11**T L21**T ) if UPLO = 'L',
*> ( L21 I ) ( 0 A22 ) ( 0 I )
*>
*> where the order of D is at most NB. The actual order is returned in
*> the argument KB, and is either NB or NB-1, or N if N <= NB.
*>
*> ZLASYF_RK is an auxiliary routine called by ZSYTRF_RK. It uses
*> blocked code (calling Level 3 BLAS) to update the submatrix
*> A11 (if UPLO = 'U') or A22 (if UPLO = 'L').
*> \endverbatim
*
* Arguments:
* ==========
*
*> \param[in] UPLO
*> \verbatim
*> UPLO is CHARACTER*1
*> Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
*> symmetric matrix A is stored:
*> = 'U': Upper triangular
*> = 'L': Lower triangular
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] N
*> \verbatim
*> N is INTEGER
*> The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] NB
*> \verbatim
*> NB is INTEGER
*> The maximum number of columns of the matrix A that should be
*> factored. NB should be at least 2 to allow for 2-by-2 pivot
*> blocks.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] KB
*> \verbatim
*> KB is INTEGER
*> The number of columns of A that were actually factored.
*> KB is either NB-1 or NB, or N if N <= NB.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in,out] A
*> \verbatim
*> A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
*> On entry, the symmetric matrix A.
*> If UPLO = 'U': the leading N-by-N upper triangular part
*> of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A,
*> and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not
*> referenced.
*>
*> If UPLO = 'L': the leading N-by-N lower triangular part
*> of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A,
*> and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not
*> referenced.
*>
*> On exit, contains:
*> a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
*> matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
*> (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
*> are stored on exit in array E), and
*> b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
*> If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] LDA
*> \verbatim
*> LDA is INTEGER
*> The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] E
*> \verbatim
*> E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
*> On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
*> elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
*> with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
*> If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0;
*> If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0.
*>
*> NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
*> 1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is set to 0 in both
*> UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] IPIV
*> \verbatim
*> IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
*> IPIV describes the permutation matrix P in the factorization
*> of matrix A as follows. The absolute value of IPIV(k)
*> represents the index of row and column that were
*> interchanged with the k-th row and column. The value of UPLO
*> describes the order in which the interchanges were applied.
*> Also, the sign of IPIV represents the block structure of
*> the symmetric block diagonal matrix D with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2
*> diagonal blocks which correspond to 1 or 2 interchanges
*> at each factorization step.
*>
*> If UPLO = 'U',
*> ( in factorization order, k decreases from N to 1 ):
*> a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
*> D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
*> If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
*> interchanged in the submatrix A(1:N,N-KB+1:N);
*> If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
*>
*>
*> b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
*> IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0 means:
*> D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
*> (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
*> 1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
*> k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
*> in the matrix A(1:N,N-KB+1:N).
*> If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
*> 2) If -IPIV(k-1) != k-1, rows and columns
*> k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
*> in the submatrix A(1:N,N-KB+1:N).
*> If -IPIV(k-1) = k-1, no interchange occurred.
*>
*> c) In both cases a) and b) is always ABS( IPIV(k) ) <= k.
*>
*> d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.
*>
*> If UPLO = 'L',
*> ( in factorization order, k increases from 1 to N ):
*> a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
*> D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
*> If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
*> interchanged in the submatrix A(1:N,1:KB).
*> If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
*>
*> b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
*> IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0 means:
*> D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
*> (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
*> 1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
*> k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
*> in the submatrix A(1:N,1:KB).
*> If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
*> 2) If -IPIV(k+1) != k+1, rows and columns
*> k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
*> in the submatrix A(1:N,1:KB).
*> If -IPIV(k+1) = k+1, no interchange occurred.
*>
*> c) In both cases a) and b) is always ABS( IPIV(k) ) >= k.
*>
*> d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] W
*> \verbatim
*> W is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDW,NB)
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[in] LDW
*> \verbatim
*> LDW is INTEGER
*> The leading dimension of the array W. LDW >= max(1,N).
*> \endverbatim
*>
*> \param[out] INFO
*> \verbatim
*> INFO is INTEGER
*> = 0: successful exit
*>
*> < 0: If INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value
*>
*> > 0: If INFO = k, the matrix A is singular, because:
*> If UPLO = 'U': column k in the upper
*> triangular part of A contains all zeros.
*> If UPLO = 'L': column k in the lower
*> triangular part of A contains all zeros.
*>
*> Therefore D(k,k) is exactly zero, and superdiagonal
*> elements of column k of U (or subdiagonal elements of
*> column k of L ) are all zeros. The factorization has
*> been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
*> exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if
*> it is used to solve a system of equations.
*>
*> NOTE: INFO only stores the first occurrence of
*> a singularity, any subsequent occurrence of singularity
*> is not stored in INFO even though the factorization
*> always completes.
*> \endverbatim
*
* Authors:
* ========
*
*> \author Univ. of Tennessee
*> \author Univ. of California Berkeley
*> \author Univ. of Colorado Denver
*> \author NAG Ltd.
*
*> \ingroup complex16SYcomputational
*
*> \par Contributors:
* ==================
*>
*> \verbatim
*>
*> December 2016, Igor Kozachenko,
*> Computer Science Division,
*> University of California, Berkeley
*>
*> September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
*> School of Mathematics,
*> University of Manchester
*>
*> \endverbatim
*
* =====================================================================
SUBROUTINE ZLASYF_RK( UPLO, N, NB, KB, A, LDA, E, IPIV, W, LDW,
$ INFO )
*
* -- LAPACK computational routine --
* -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
* -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
*
* .. Scalar Arguments ..
CHARACTER UPLO
INTEGER INFO, KB, LDA, LDW, N, NB
* ..
* .. Array Arguments ..
INTEGER IPIV( * )
COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), E( * ), W( LDW, * )
* ..
*
* =====================================================================
*
* .. Parameters ..
DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO, ONE
PARAMETER ( ZERO = 0.0D+0, ONE = 1.0D+0 )
DOUBLE PRECISION EIGHT, SEVTEN
PARAMETER ( EIGHT = 8.0D+0, SEVTEN = 17.0D+0 )
COMPLEX*16 CONE, CZERO
PARAMETER ( CONE = ( 1.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ),
$ CZERO = ( 0.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ) )
* ..
* .. Local Scalars ..
LOGICAL DONE
INTEGER IMAX, ITEMP, J, JB, JJ, JMAX, K, KK, KW, KKW,
$ KP, KSTEP, P, II
DOUBLE PRECISION ABSAKK, ALPHA, COLMAX, ROWMAX, SFMIN, DTEMP
COMPLEX*16 D11, D12, D21, D22, R1, T, Z
* ..
* .. External Functions ..
LOGICAL LSAME
INTEGER IZAMAX
DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH
EXTERNAL LSAME, IZAMAX, DLAMCH
* ..
* .. External Subroutines ..
EXTERNAL ZCOPY, ZGEMM, ZGEMV, ZSCAL, ZSWAP
* ..
* .. Intrinsic Functions ..
INTRINSIC ABS, DBLE, DIMAG, MAX, MIN, SQRT
* ..
* .. Statement Functions ..
DOUBLE PRECISION CABS1
* ..
* .. Statement Function definitions ..
CABS1( Z ) = ABS( DBLE( Z ) ) + ABS( DIMAG( Z ) )
* ..
* .. Executable Statements ..
*
INFO = 0
*
* Initialize ALPHA for use in choosing pivot block size.
*
ALPHA = ( ONE+SQRT( SEVTEN ) ) / EIGHT
*
* Compute machine safe minimum
*
SFMIN = DLAMCH( 'S' )
*
IF( LSAME( UPLO, 'U' ) ) THEN
*
* Factorize the trailing columns of A using the upper triangle
* of A and working backwards, and compute the matrix W = U12*D
* for use in updating A11
*
* Initialize the first entry of array E, where superdiagonal
* elements of D are stored
*
E( 1 ) = CZERO
*
* K is the main loop index, decreasing from N in steps of 1 or 2
*
K = N
10 CONTINUE
*
* KW is the column of W which corresponds to column K of A
*
KW = NB + K - N
*
* Exit from loop
*
IF( ( K.LE.N-NB+1 .AND. NB.LT.N ) .OR. K.LT.1 )
$ GO TO 30
*
KSTEP = 1
P = K
*
* Copy column K of A to column KW of W and update it
*
CALL ZCOPY( K, A( 1, K ), 1, W( 1, KW ), 1 )
IF( K.LT.N )
$ CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', K, N-K, -CONE, A( 1, K+1 ),
$ LDA, W( K, KW+1 ), LDW, CONE, W( 1, KW ), 1 )
*
* Determine rows and columns to be interchanged and whether
* a 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 pivot block will be used
*
ABSAKK = CABS1( W( K, KW ) )
*
* IMAX is the row-index of the largest off-diagonal element in
* column K, and COLMAX is its absolute value.
* Determine both COLMAX and IMAX.
*
IF( K.GT.1 ) THEN
IMAX = IZAMAX( K-1, W( 1, KW ), 1 )
COLMAX = CABS1( W( IMAX, KW ) )
ELSE
COLMAX = ZERO
END IF
*
IF( MAX( ABSAKK, COLMAX ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN
*
* Column K is zero or underflow: set INFO and continue
*
IF( INFO.EQ.0 )
$ INFO = K
KP = K
CALL ZCOPY( K, W( 1, KW ), 1, A( 1, K ), 1 )
*
* Set E( K ) to zero
*
IF( K.GT.1 )
$ E( K ) = CZERO
*
ELSE
*
* ============================================================
*
* Test for interchange
*
* Equivalent to testing for ABSAKK.GE.ALPHA*COLMAX
* (used to handle NaN and Inf)
*
IF( .NOT.( ABSAKK.LT.ALPHA*COLMAX ) ) THEN
*
* no interchange, use 1-by-1 pivot block
*
KP = K
*
ELSE
*
DONE = .FALSE.
*
* Loop until pivot found
*
12 CONTINUE
*
* Begin pivot search loop body
*
*
* Copy column IMAX to column KW-1 of W and update it
*
CALL ZCOPY( IMAX, A( 1, IMAX ), 1, W( 1, KW-1 ), 1 )
CALL ZCOPY( K-IMAX, A( IMAX, IMAX+1 ), LDA,
$ W( IMAX+1, KW-1 ), 1 )
*
IF( K.LT.N )
$ CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', K, N-K, -CONE,
$ A( 1, K+1 ), LDA, W( IMAX, KW+1 ), LDW,
$ CONE, W( 1, KW-1 ), 1 )
*
* JMAX is the column-index of the largest off-diagonal
* element in row IMAX, and ROWMAX is its absolute value.
* Determine both ROWMAX and JMAX.
*
IF( IMAX.NE.K ) THEN
JMAX = IMAX + IZAMAX( K-IMAX, W( IMAX+1, KW-1 ),
$ 1 )
ROWMAX = CABS1( W( JMAX, KW-1 ) )
ELSE
ROWMAX = ZERO
END IF
*
IF( IMAX.GT.1 ) THEN
ITEMP = IZAMAX( IMAX-1, W( 1, KW-1 ), 1 )
DTEMP = CABS1( W( ITEMP, KW-1 ) )
IF( DTEMP.GT.ROWMAX ) THEN
ROWMAX = DTEMP
JMAX = ITEMP
END IF
END IF
*
* Equivalent to testing for
* CABS1( W( IMAX, KW-1 ) ).GE.ALPHA*ROWMAX
* (used to handle NaN and Inf)
*
IF( .NOT.(CABS1( W( IMAX, KW-1 ) ).LT.ALPHA*ROWMAX ) )
$ THEN
*
* interchange rows and columns K and IMAX,
* use 1-by-1 pivot block
*
KP = IMAX
*
* copy column KW-1 of W to column KW of W
*
CALL ZCOPY( K, W( 1, KW-1 ), 1, W( 1, KW ), 1 )
*
DONE = .TRUE.
*
* Equivalent to testing for ROWMAX.EQ.COLMAX,
* (used to handle NaN and Inf)
*
ELSE IF( ( P.EQ.JMAX ) .OR. ( ROWMAX.LE.COLMAX ) )
$ THEN
*
* interchange rows and columns K-1 and IMAX,
* use 2-by-2 pivot block
*
KP = IMAX
KSTEP = 2
DONE = .TRUE.
ELSE
*
* Pivot not found: set params and repeat
*
P = IMAX
COLMAX = ROWMAX
IMAX = JMAX
*
* Copy updated JMAXth (next IMAXth) column to Kth of W
*
CALL ZCOPY( K, W( 1, KW-1 ), 1, W( 1, KW ), 1 )
*
END IF
*
* End pivot search loop body
*
IF( .NOT. DONE ) GOTO 12
*
END IF
*
* ============================================================
*
KK = K - KSTEP + 1
*
* KKW is the column of W which corresponds to column KK of A
*
KKW = NB + KK - N
*
IF( ( KSTEP.EQ.2 ) .AND. ( P.NE.K ) ) THEN
*
* Copy non-updated column K to column P
*
CALL ZCOPY( K-P, A( P+1, K ), 1, A( P, P+1 ), LDA )
CALL ZCOPY( P, A( 1, K ), 1, A( 1, P ), 1 )
*
* Interchange rows K and P in last N-K+1 columns of A
* and last N-K+2 columns of W
*
CALL ZSWAP( N-K+1, A( K, K ), LDA, A( P, K ), LDA )
CALL ZSWAP( N-KK+1, W( K, KKW ), LDW, W( P, KKW ), LDW )
END IF
*
* Updated column KP is already stored in column KKW of W
*
IF( KP.NE.KK ) THEN
*
* Copy non-updated column KK to column KP
*
A( KP, K ) = A( KK, K )
CALL ZCOPY( K-1-KP, A( KP+1, KK ), 1, A( KP, KP+1 ),
$ LDA )
CALL ZCOPY( KP, A( 1, KK ), 1, A( 1, KP ), 1 )
*
* Interchange rows KK and KP in last N-KK+1 columns
* of A and W
*
CALL ZSWAP( N-KK+1, A( KK, KK ), LDA, A( KP, KK ), LDA )
CALL ZSWAP( N-KK+1, W( KK, KKW ), LDW, W( KP, KKW ),
$ LDW )
END IF
*
IF( KSTEP.EQ.1 ) THEN
*
* 1-by-1 pivot block D(k): column KW of W now holds
*
* W(k) = U(k)*D(k)
*
* where U(k) is the k-th column of U
*
* Store U(k) in column k of A
*
CALL ZCOPY( K, W( 1, KW ), 1, A( 1, K ), 1 )
IF( K.GT.1 ) THEN
IF( CABS1( A( K, K ) ).GE.SFMIN ) THEN
R1 = CONE / A( K, K )
CALL ZSCAL( K-1, R1, A( 1, K ), 1 )
ELSE IF( A( K, K ).NE.CZERO ) THEN
DO 14 II = 1, K - 1
A( II, K ) = A( II, K ) / A( K, K )
14 CONTINUE
END IF
*
* Store the superdiagonal element of D in array E
*
E( K ) = CZERO
*
END IF
*
ELSE
*
* 2-by-2 pivot block D(k): columns KW and KW-1 of W now
* hold
*
* ( W(k-1) W(k) ) = ( U(k-1) U(k) )*D(k)
*
* where U(k) and U(k-1) are the k-th and (k-1)-th columns
* of U
*
IF( K.GT.2 ) THEN
*
* Store U(k) and U(k-1) in columns k and k-1 of A
*
D12 = W( K-1, KW )
D11 = W( K, KW ) / D12
D22 = W( K-1, KW-1 ) / D12
T = CONE / ( D11*D22-CONE )
DO 20 J = 1, K - 2
A( J, K-1 ) = T*( (D11*W( J, KW-1 )-W( J, KW ) ) /
$ D12 )
A( J, K ) = T*( ( D22*W( J, KW )-W( J, KW-1 ) ) /
$ D12 )
20 CONTINUE
END IF
*
* Copy diagonal elements of D(K) to A,
* copy superdiagonal element of D(K) to E(K) and
* ZERO out superdiagonal entry of A
*
A( K-1, K-1 ) = W( K-1, KW-1 )
A( K-1, K ) = CZERO
A( K, K ) = W( K, KW )
E( K ) = W( K-1, KW )
E( K-1 ) = CZERO
*
END IF
*
* End column K is nonsingular
*
END IF
*
* Store details of the interchanges in IPIV
*
IF( KSTEP.EQ.1 ) THEN
IPIV( K ) = KP
ELSE
IPIV( K ) = -P
IPIV( K-1 ) = -KP
END IF
*
* Decrease K and return to the start of the main loop
*
K = K - KSTEP
GO TO 10
*
30 CONTINUE
*
* Update the upper triangle of A11 (= A(1:k,1:k)) as
*
* A11 := A11 - U12*D*U12**T = A11 - U12*W**T
*
* computing blocks of NB columns at a time
*
DO 50 J = ( ( K-1 ) / NB )*NB + 1, 1, -NB
JB = MIN( NB, K-J+1 )
*
* Update the upper triangle of the diagonal block
*
DO 40 JJ = J, J + JB - 1
CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', JJ-J+1, N-K, -CONE,
$ A( J, K+1 ), LDA, W( JJ, KW+1 ), LDW, CONE,
$ A( J, JJ ), 1 )
40 CONTINUE
*
* Update the rectangular superdiagonal block
*
IF( J.GE.2 )
$ CALL ZGEMM( 'No transpose', 'Transpose', J-1, JB,
$ N-K, -CONE, A( 1, K+1 ), LDA, W( J, KW+1 ),
$ LDW, CONE, A( 1, J ), LDA )
50 CONTINUE
*
* Set KB to the number of columns factorized
*
KB = N - K
*
ELSE
*
* Factorize the leading columns of A using the lower triangle
* of A and working forwards, and compute the matrix W = L21*D
* for use in updating A22
*
* Initialize the unused last entry of the subdiagonal array E.
*
E( N ) = CZERO
*
* K is the main loop index, increasing from 1 in steps of 1 or 2
*
K = 1
70 CONTINUE
*
* Exit from loop
*
IF( ( K.GE.NB .AND. NB.LT.N ) .OR. K.GT.N )
$ GO TO 90
*
KSTEP = 1
P = K
*
* Copy column K of A to column K of W and update it
*
CALL ZCOPY( N-K+1, A( K, K ), 1, W( K, K ), 1 )
IF( K.GT.1 )
$ CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', N-K+1, K-1, -CONE, A( K, 1 ),
$ LDA, W( K, 1 ), LDW, CONE, W( K, K ), 1 )
*
* Determine rows and columns to be interchanged and whether
* a 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 pivot block will be used
*
ABSAKK = CABS1( W( K, K ) )
*
* IMAX is the row-index of the largest off-diagonal element in
* column K, and COLMAX is its absolute value.
* Determine both COLMAX and IMAX.
*
IF( K.LT.N ) THEN
IMAX = K + IZAMAX( N-K, W( K+1, K ), 1 )
COLMAX = CABS1( W( IMAX, K ) )
ELSE
COLMAX = ZERO
END IF
*
IF( MAX( ABSAKK, COLMAX ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN
*
* Column K is zero or underflow: set INFO and continue
*
IF( INFO.EQ.0 )
$ INFO = K
KP = K
CALL ZCOPY( N-K+1, W( K, K ), 1, A( K, K ), 1 )
*
* Set E( K ) to zero
*
IF( K.LT.N )
$ E( K ) = CZERO
*
ELSE
*
* ============================================================
*
* Test for interchange
*
* Equivalent to testing for ABSAKK.GE.ALPHA*COLMAX
* (used to handle NaN and Inf)
*
IF( .NOT.( ABSAKK.LT.ALPHA*COLMAX ) ) THEN
*
* no interchange, use 1-by-1 pivot block
*
KP = K
*
ELSE
*
DONE = .FALSE.
*
* Loop until pivot found
*
72 CONTINUE
*
* Begin pivot search loop body
*
*
* Copy column IMAX to column K+1 of W and update it
*
CALL ZCOPY( IMAX-K, A( IMAX, K ), LDA, W( K, K+1 ), 1)
CALL ZCOPY( N-IMAX+1, A( IMAX, IMAX ), 1,
$ W( IMAX, K+1 ), 1 )
IF( K.GT.1 )
$ CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', N-K+1, K-1, -CONE,
$ A( K, 1 ), LDA, W( IMAX, 1 ), LDW,
$ CONE, W( K, K+1 ), 1 )
*
* JMAX is the column-index of the largest off-diagonal
* element in row IMAX, and ROWMAX is its absolute value.
* Determine both ROWMAX and JMAX.
*
IF( IMAX.NE.K ) THEN
JMAX = K - 1 + IZAMAX( IMAX-K, W( K, K+1 ), 1 )
ROWMAX = CABS1( W( JMAX, K+1 ) )
ELSE
ROWMAX = ZERO
END IF
*
IF( IMAX.LT.N ) THEN
ITEMP = IMAX + IZAMAX( N-IMAX, W( IMAX+1, K+1 ), 1)
DTEMP = CABS1( W( ITEMP, K+1 ) )
IF( DTEMP.GT.ROWMAX ) THEN
ROWMAX = DTEMP
JMAX = ITEMP
END IF
END IF
*
* Equivalent to testing for
* CABS1( W( IMAX, K+1 ) ).GE.ALPHA*ROWMAX
* (used to handle NaN and Inf)
*
IF( .NOT.( CABS1( W( IMAX, K+1 ) ).LT.ALPHA*ROWMAX ) )
$ THEN
*
* interchange rows and columns K and IMAX,
* use 1-by-1 pivot block
*
KP = IMAX
*
* copy column K+1 of W to column K of W
*
CALL ZCOPY( N-K+1, W( K, K+1 ), 1, W( K, K ), 1 )
*
DONE = .TRUE.
*
* Equivalent to testing for ROWMAX.EQ.COLMAX,
* (used to handle NaN and Inf)
*
ELSE IF( ( P.EQ.JMAX ) .OR. ( ROWMAX.LE.COLMAX ) )
$ THEN
*
* interchange rows and columns K+1 and IMAX,
* use 2-by-2 pivot block
*
KP = IMAX
KSTEP = 2
DONE = .TRUE.
ELSE
*
* Pivot not found: set params and repeat
*
P = IMAX
COLMAX = ROWMAX
IMAX = JMAX
*
* Copy updated JMAXth (next IMAXth) column to Kth of W
*
CALL ZCOPY( N-K+1, W( K, K+1 ), 1, W( K, K ), 1 )
*
END IF
*
* End pivot search loop body
*
IF( .NOT. DONE ) GOTO 72
*
END IF
*
* ============================================================
*
KK = K + KSTEP - 1
*
IF( ( KSTEP.EQ.2 ) .AND. ( P.NE.K ) ) THEN
*
* Copy non-updated column K to column P
*
CALL ZCOPY( P-K, A( K, K ), 1, A( P, K ), LDA )
CALL ZCOPY( N-P+1, A( P, K ), 1, A( P, P ), 1 )
*
* Interchange rows K and P in first K columns of A
* and first K+1 columns of W
*
CALL ZSWAP( K, A( K, 1 ), LDA, A( P, 1 ), LDA )
CALL ZSWAP( KK, W( K, 1 ), LDW, W( P, 1 ), LDW )
END IF
*
* Updated column KP is already stored in column KK of W
*
IF( KP.NE.KK ) THEN
*
* Copy non-updated column KK to column KP
*
A( KP, K ) = A( KK, K )
CALL ZCOPY( KP-K-1, A( K+1, KK ), 1, A( KP, K+1 ), LDA )
CALL ZCOPY( N-KP+1, A( KP, KK ), 1, A( KP, KP ), 1 )
*
* Interchange rows KK and KP in first KK columns of A and W
*
CALL ZSWAP( KK, A( KK, 1 ), LDA, A( KP, 1 ), LDA )
CALL ZSWAP( KK, W( KK, 1 ), LDW, W( KP, 1 ), LDW )
END IF
*
IF( KSTEP.EQ.1 ) THEN
*
* 1-by-1 pivot block D(k): column k of W now holds
*
* W(k) = L(k)*D(k)
*
* where L(k) is the k-th column of L
*
* Store L(k) in column k of A
*
CALL ZCOPY( N-K+1, W( K, K ), 1, A( K, K ), 1 )
IF( K.LT.N ) THEN
IF( CABS1( A( K, K ) ).GE.SFMIN ) THEN
R1 = CONE / A( K, K )
CALL ZSCAL( N-K, R1, A( K+1, K ), 1 )
ELSE IF( A( K, K ).NE.CZERO ) THEN
DO 74 II = K + 1, N
A( II, K ) = A( II, K ) / A( K, K )
74 CONTINUE
END IF
*
* Store the subdiagonal element of D in array E
*
E( K ) = CZERO
*
END IF
*
ELSE
*
* 2-by-2 pivot block D(k): columns k and k+1 of W now hold
*
* ( W(k) W(k+1) ) = ( L(k) L(k+1) )*D(k)
*
* where L(k) and L(k+1) are the k-th and (k+1)-th columns
* of L
*
IF( K.LT.N-1 ) THEN
*
* Store L(k) and L(k+1) in columns k and k+1 of A
*
D21 = W( K+1, K )
D11 = W( K+1, K+1 ) / D21
D22 = W( K, K ) / D21
T = CONE / ( D11*D22-CONE )
DO 80 J = K + 2, N
A( J, K ) = T*( ( D11*W( J, K )-W( J, K+1 ) ) /
$ D21 )
A( J, K+1 ) = T*( ( D22*W( J, K+1 )-W( J, K ) ) /
$ D21 )
80 CONTINUE
END IF
*
* Copy diagonal elements of D(K) to A,
* copy subdiagonal element of D(K) to E(K) and
* ZERO out subdiagonal entry of A
*
A( K, K ) = W( K, K )
A( K+1, K ) = CZERO
A( K+1, K+1 ) = W( K+1, K+1 )
E( K ) = W( K+1, K )
E( K+1 ) = CZERO
*
END IF
*
* End column K is nonsingular
*
END IF
*
* Store details of the interchanges in IPIV
*
IF( KSTEP.EQ.1 ) THEN
IPIV( K ) = KP
ELSE
IPIV( K ) = -P
IPIV( K+1 ) = -KP
END IF
*
* Increase K and return to the start of the main loop
*
K = K + KSTEP
GO TO 70
*
90 CONTINUE
*
* Update the lower triangle of A22 (= A(k:n,k:n)) as
*
* A22 := A22 - L21*D*L21**T = A22 - L21*W**T
*
* computing blocks of NB columns at a time
*
DO 110 J = K, N, NB
JB = MIN( NB, N-J+1 )
*
* Update the lower triangle of the diagonal block
*
DO 100 JJ = J, J + JB - 1
CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', J+JB-JJ, K-1, -CONE,
$ A( JJ, 1 ), LDA, W( JJ, 1 ), LDW, CONE,
$ A( JJ, JJ ), 1 )
100 CONTINUE
*
* Update the rectangular subdiagonal block
*
IF( J+JB.LE.N )
$ CALL ZGEMM( 'No transpose', 'Transpose', N-J-JB+1, JB,
$ K-1, -CONE, A( J+JB, 1 ), LDA, W( J, 1 ),
$ LDW, CONE, A( J+JB, J ), LDA )
110 CONTINUE
*
* Set KB to the number of columns factorized
*
KB = K - 1
*
END IF
*
RETURN
*
* End of ZLASYF_RK
*
END