*> \brief \b ZLABRD reduces the first nb rows and columns of a general matrix to a bidiagonal form. * * =========== DOCUMENTATION =========== * * Online html documentation available at * http://www.netlib.org/lapack/explore-html/ * *> \htmlonly *> Download ZLABRD + dependencies *> *> [TGZ] *> *> [ZIP] *> *> [TXT] *> \endhtmlonly * * Definition: * =========== * * SUBROUTINE ZLABRD( M, N, NB, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, X, LDX, Y, * LDY ) * * .. Scalar Arguments .. * INTEGER LDA, LDX, LDY, M, N, NB * .. * .. Array Arguments .. * DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ) * COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), TAUP( * ), TAUQ( * ), X( LDX, * ), * \$ Y( LDY, * ) * .. * * *> \par Purpose: * ============= *> *> \verbatim *> *> ZLABRD reduces the first NB rows and columns of a complex general *> m by n matrix A to upper or lower real bidiagonal form by a unitary *> transformation Q**H * A * P, and returns the matrices X and Y which *> are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A. *> *> If m >= n, A is reduced to upper bidiagonal form; if m < n, to lower *> bidiagonal form. *> *> This is an auxiliary routine called by ZGEBRD *> \endverbatim * * Arguments: * ========== * *> \param[in] M *> \verbatim *> M is INTEGER *> The number of rows in the matrix A. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in] N *> \verbatim *> N is INTEGER *> The number of columns in the matrix A. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in] NB *> \verbatim *> NB is INTEGER *> The number of leading rows and columns of A to be reduced. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in,out] A *> \verbatim *> A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) *> On entry, the m by n general matrix to be reduced. *> On exit, the first NB rows and columns of the matrix are *> overwritten; the rest of the array is unchanged. *> If m >= n, elements on and below the diagonal in the first NB *> columns, with the array TAUQ, represent the unitary *> matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; and *> elements above the diagonal in the first NB rows, with the *> array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as a product *> of elementary reflectors. *> If m < n, elements below the diagonal in the first NB *> columns, with the array TAUQ, represent the unitary *> matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors, and *> elements on and above the diagonal in the first NB rows, *> with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as *> a product of elementary reflectors. *> See Further Details. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in] LDA *> \verbatim *> LDA is INTEGER *> The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M). *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] D *> \verbatim *> D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NB) *> The diagonal elements of the first NB rows and columns of *> the reduced matrix. D(i) = A(i,i). *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] E *> \verbatim *> E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NB) *> The off-diagonal elements of the first NB rows and columns of *> the reduced matrix. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] TAUQ *> \verbatim *> TAUQ is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (NB) *> The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which *> represent the unitary matrix Q. See Further Details. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] TAUP *> \verbatim *> TAUP is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (NB) *> The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which *> represent the unitary matrix P. See Further Details. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] X *> \verbatim *> X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NB) *> The m-by-nb matrix X required to update the unreduced part *> of A. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in] LDX *> \verbatim *> LDX is INTEGER *> The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,M). *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[out] Y *> \verbatim *> Y is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDY,NB) *> The n-by-nb matrix Y required to update the unreduced part *> of A. *> \endverbatim *> *> \param[in] LDY *> \verbatim *> LDY is INTEGER *> The leading dimension of the array Y. LDY >= max(1,N). *> \endverbatim * * Authors: * ======== * *> \author Univ. of Tennessee *> \author Univ. of California Berkeley *> \author Univ. of Colorado Denver *> \author NAG Ltd. * *> \ingroup complex16OTHERauxiliary * *> \par Further Details: * ===================== *> *> \verbatim *> *> The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary *> reflectors: *> *> Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(nb) *> *> Each H(i) and G(i) has the form: *> *> H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**H and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**H *> *> where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex *> vectors. *> *> If m >= n, v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i:m) is stored on exit in *> A(i:m,i); u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in *> A(i,i+1:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i). *> *> If m < n, v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in *> A(i+2:m,i); u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i:n) is stored on exit in *> A(i,i+1:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i). *> *> The elements of the vectors v and u together form the m-by-nb matrix *> V and the nb-by-n matrix U**H which are needed, with X and Y, to apply *> the transformation to the unreduced part of the matrix, using a block *> update of the form: A := A - V*Y**H - X*U**H. *> *> The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples *> with nb = 2: *> *> m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n): m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n): *> *> ( 1 1 u1 u1 u1 ) ( 1 u1 u1 u1 u1 u1 ) *> ( v1 1 1 u2 u2 ) ( 1 1 u2 u2 u2 u2 ) *> ( v1 v2 a a a ) ( v1 1 a a a a ) *> ( v1 v2 a a a ) ( v1 v2 a a a a ) *> ( v1 v2 a a a ) ( v1 v2 a a a a ) *> ( v1 v2 a a a ) *> *> where a denotes an element of the original matrix which is unchanged, *> vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element *> of the vector defining G(i). *> \endverbatim *> * ===================================================================== SUBROUTINE ZLABRD( M, N, NB, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, X, LDX, Y, \$ LDY ) * * -- LAPACK auxiliary routine -- * -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, -- * -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..-- * * .. Scalar Arguments .. INTEGER LDA, LDX, LDY, M, N, NB * .. * .. Array Arguments .. DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * ) COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), TAUP( * ), TAUQ( * ), X( LDX, * ), \$ Y( LDY, * ) * .. * * ===================================================================== * * .. Parameters .. COMPLEX*16 ZERO, ONE PARAMETER ( ZERO = ( 0.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ), \$ ONE = ( 1.0D+0, 0.0D+0 ) ) * .. * .. Local Scalars .. INTEGER I COMPLEX*16 ALPHA * .. * .. External Subroutines .. EXTERNAL ZGEMV, ZLACGV, ZLARFG, ZSCAL * .. * .. Intrinsic Functions .. INTRINSIC MIN * .. * .. Executable Statements .. * * Quick return if possible * IF( M.LE.0 .OR. N.LE.0 ) \$ RETURN * IF( M.GE.N ) THEN * * Reduce to upper bidiagonal form * DO 10 I = 1, NB * * Update A(i:m,i) * CALL ZLACGV( I-1, Y( I, 1 ), LDY ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I+1, I-1, -ONE, A( I, 1 ), \$ LDA, Y( I, 1 ), LDY, ONE, A( I, I ), 1 ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, Y( I, 1 ), LDY ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I+1, I-1, -ONE, X( I, 1 ), \$ LDX, A( 1, I ), 1, ONE, A( I, I ), 1 ) * * Generate reflection Q(i) to annihilate A(i+1:m,i) * ALPHA = A( I, I ) CALL ZLARFG( M-I+1, ALPHA, A( MIN( I+1, M ), I ), 1, \$ TAUQ( I ) ) D( I ) = DBLE( ALPHA ) IF( I.LT.N ) THEN A( I, I ) = ONE * * Compute Y(i+1:n,i) * CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', M-I+1, N-I, ONE, \$ A( I, I+1 ), LDA, A( I, I ), 1, ZERO, \$ Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', M-I+1, I-1, ONE, \$ A( I, 1 ), LDA, A( I, I ), 1, ZERO, \$ Y( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', N-I, I-1, -ONE, Y( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDY, Y( 1, I ), 1, ONE, Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', M-I+1, I-1, ONE, \$ X( I, 1 ), LDX, A( I, I ), 1, ZERO, \$ Y( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', I-1, N-I, -ONE, \$ A( 1, I+1 ), LDA, Y( 1, I ), 1, ONE, \$ Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZSCAL( N-I, TAUQ( I ), Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) * * Update A(i,i+1:n) * CALL ZLACGV( N-I, A( I, I+1 ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I, A( I, 1 ), LDA ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', N-I, I, -ONE, Y( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDY, A( I, 1 ), LDA, ONE, A( I, I+1 ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I, A( I, 1 ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, X( I, 1 ), LDX ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', I-1, N-I, -ONE, \$ A( 1, I+1 ), LDA, X( I, 1 ), LDX, ONE, \$ A( I, I+1 ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, X( I, 1 ), LDX ) * * Generate reflection P(i) to annihilate A(i,i+2:n) * ALPHA = A( I, I+1 ) CALL ZLARFG( N-I, ALPHA, A( I, MIN( I+2, N ) ), LDA, \$ TAUP( I ) ) E( I ) = DBLE( ALPHA ) A( I, I+1 ) = ONE * * Compute X(i+1:m,i) * CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, N-I, ONE, A( I+1, I+1 ), \$ LDA, A( I, I+1 ), LDA, ZERO, X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', N-I, I, ONE, \$ Y( I+1, 1 ), LDY, A( I, I+1 ), LDA, ZERO, \$ X( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, I, -ONE, A( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDA, X( 1, I ), 1, ONE, X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', I-1, N-I, ONE, A( 1, I+1 ), \$ LDA, A( I, I+1 ), LDA, ZERO, X( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, I-1, -ONE, X( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDX, X( 1, I ), 1, ONE, X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZSCAL( M-I, TAUP( I ), X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZLACGV( N-I, A( I, I+1 ), LDA ) END IF 10 CONTINUE ELSE * * Reduce to lower bidiagonal form * DO 20 I = 1, NB * * Update A(i,i:n) * CALL ZLACGV( N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, A( I, 1 ), LDA ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', N-I+1, I-1, -ONE, Y( I, 1 ), \$ LDY, A( I, 1 ), LDA, ONE, A( I, I ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, A( I, 1 ), LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, X( I, 1 ), LDX ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', I-1, N-I+1, -ONE, \$ A( 1, I ), LDA, X( I, 1 ), LDX, ONE, A( I, I ), \$ LDA ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, X( I, 1 ), LDX ) * * Generate reflection P(i) to annihilate A(i,i+1:n) * ALPHA = A( I, I ) CALL ZLARFG( N-I+1, ALPHA, A( I, MIN( I+1, N ) ), LDA, \$ TAUP( I ) ) D( I ) = DBLE( ALPHA ) IF( I.LT.M ) THEN A( I, I ) = ONE * * Compute X(i+1:m,i) * CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, N-I+1, ONE, A( I+1, I ), \$ LDA, A( I, I ), LDA, ZERO, X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', N-I+1, I-1, ONE, \$ Y( I, 1 ), LDY, A( I, I ), LDA, ZERO, \$ X( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, I-1, -ONE, A( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDA, X( 1, I ), 1, ONE, X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', I-1, N-I+1, ONE, A( 1, I ), \$ LDA, A( I, I ), LDA, ZERO, X( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, I-1, -ONE, X( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDX, X( 1, I ), 1, ONE, X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZSCAL( M-I, TAUP( I ), X( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZLACGV( N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA ) * * Update A(i+1:m,i) * CALL ZLACGV( I-1, Y( I, 1 ), LDY ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, I-1, -ONE, A( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDA, Y( I, 1 ), LDY, ONE, A( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZLACGV( I-1, Y( I, 1 ), LDY ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', M-I, I, -ONE, X( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDX, A( 1, I ), 1, ONE, A( I+1, I ), 1 ) * * Generate reflection Q(i) to annihilate A(i+2:m,i) * ALPHA = A( I+1, I ) CALL ZLARFG( M-I, ALPHA, A( MIN( I+2, M ), I ), 1, \$ TAUQ( I ) ) E( I ) = DBLE( ALPHA ) A( I+1, I ) = ONE * * Compute Y(i+1:n,i) * CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', M-I, N-I, ONE, \$ A( I+1, I+1 ), LDA, A( I+1, I ), 1, ZERO, \$ Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', M-I, I-1, ONE, \$ A( I+1, 1 ), LDA, A( I+1, I ), 1, ZERO, \$ Y( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'No transpose', N-I, I-1, -ONE, Y( I+1, 1 ), \$ LDY, Y( 1, I ), 1, ONE, Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', M-I, I, ONE, \$ X( I+1, 1 ), LDX, A( I+1, I ), 1, ZERO, \$ Y( 1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZGEMV( 'Conjugate transpose', I, N-I, -ONE, \$ A( 1, I+1 ), LDA, Y( 1, I ), 1, ONE, \$ Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) CALL ZSCAL( N-I, TAUQ( I ), Y( I+1, I ), 1 ) ELSE CALL ZLACGV( N-I+1, A( I, I ), LDA ) END IF 20 CONTINUE END IF RETURN * * End of ZLABRD * END