LAPACK 3.11.0 LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage
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## ◆ dgebrd()

 subroutine dgebrd ( integer M, integer N, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( * ) D, double precision, dimension( * ) E, double precision, dimension( * ) TAUQ, double precision, dimension( * ) TAUP, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO )

DGEBRD

Purpose:
``` DGEBRD reduces a general real M-by-N matrix A to upper or lower
bidiagonal form B by an orthogonal transformation: Q**T * A * P = B.

If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal.```
Parameters
 [in] M ``` M is INTEGER The number of rows in the matrix A. M >= 0.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The number of columns in the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in,out] A ``` A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the M-by-N general matrix to be reduced. On exit, if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal, with the array TAUP, represent the orthogonal matrix P as a product of elementary reflectors; if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal, with the array TAUP, represent the orthogonal matrix P as a product of elementary reflectors. See Further Details.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).``` [out] D ``` D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)) The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B: D(i) = A(i,i).``` [out] E ``` E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1) The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B: if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1; if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1.``` [out] TAUQ ``` TAUQ is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)) The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which represent the orthogonal matrix Q. See Further Details.``` [out] TAUP ``` TAUP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)) The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which represent the orthogonal matrix P. See Further Details.``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The length of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,M,N). For optimum performance LWORK >= (M+N)*NB, where NB is the optimal blocksize. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.```
Further Details:
```  The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
reflectors:

If m >= n,

Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1)

Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:

H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**T  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**T

where tauq and taup are real scalars, and v and u are real vectors;
v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in A(i+1:m,i);
u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+2:n);
tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).

If m < n,

Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1)  and  P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m)

Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:

H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**T  and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**T

where tauq and taup are real scalars, and v and u are real vectors;
v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in A(i+2:m,i);
u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+1:n);
tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).

The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples:

m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n):          m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):

(  d   e   u1  u1  u1 )           (  d   u1  u1  u1  u1  u1 )
(  v1  d   e   u2  u2 )           (  e   d   u2  u2  u2  u2 )
(  v1  v2  d   e   u3 )           (  v1  e   d   u3  u3  u3 )
(  v1  v2  v3  d   e  )           (  v1  v2  e   d   u4  u4 )
(  v1  v2  v3  v4  d  )           (  v1  v2  v3  e   d   u5 )
(  v1  v2  v3  v4  v5 )

where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi
denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of
the vector defining G(i).```

Definition at line 203 of file dgebrd.f.

205*
206* -- LAPACK computational routine --
207* -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
208* -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
209*
210* .. Scalar Arguments ..
211 INTEGER INFO, LDA, LWORK, M, N
212* ..
213* .. Array Arguments ..
214 DOUBLE PRECISION A( LDA, * ), D( * ), E( * ), TAUP( * ),
215 \$ TAUQ( * ), WORK( * )
216* ..
217*
218* =====================================================================
219*
220* .. Parameters ..
221 DOUBLE PRECISION ONE
222 parameter( one = 1.0d+0 )
223* ..
224* .. Local Scalars ..
225 LOGICAL LQUERY
226 INTEGER I, IINFO, J, LDWRKX, LDWRKY, LWKOPT, MINMN, NB,
227 \$ NBMIN, NX, WS
228* ..
229* .. External Subroutines ..
230 EXTERNAL dgebd2, dgemm, dlabrd, xerbla
231* ..
232* .. Intrinsic Functions ..
233 INTRINSIC dble, max, min
234* ..
235* .. External Functions ..
236 INTEGER ILAENV
237 EXTERNAL ilaenv
238* ..
239* .. Executable Statements ..
240*
241* Test the input parameters
242*
243 info = 0
244 nb = max( 1, ilaenv( 1, 'DGEBRD', ' ', m, n, -1, -1 ) )
245 lwkopt = ( m+n )*nb
246 work( 1 ) = dble( lwkopt )
247 lquery = ( lwork.EQ.-1 )
248 IF( m.LT.0 ) THEN
249 info = -1
250 ELSE IF( n.LT.0 ) THEN
251 info = -2
252 ELSE IF( lda.LT.max( 1, m ) ) THEN
253 info = -4
254 ELSE IF( lwork.LT.max( 1, m, n ) .AND. .NOT.lquery ) THEN
255 info = -10
256 END IF
257 IF( info.LT.0 ) THEN
258 CALL xerbla( 'DGEBRD', -info )
259 RETURN
260 ELSE IF( lquery ) THEN
261 RETURN
262 END IF
263*
264* Quick return if possible
265*
266 minmn = min( m, n )
267 IF( minmn.EQ.0 ) THEN
268 work( 1 ) = 1
269 RETURN
270 END IF
271*
272 ws = max( m, n )
273 ldwrkx = m
274 ldwrky = n
275*
276 IF( nb.GT.1 .AND. nb.LT.minmn ) THEN
277*
278* Set the crossover point NX.
279*
280 nx = max( nb, ilaenv( 3, 'DGEBRD', ' ', m, n, -1, -1 ) )
281*
282* Determine when to switch from blocked to unblocked code.
283*
284 IF( nx.LT.minmn ) THEN
285 ws = ( m+n )*nb
286 IF( lwork.LT.ws ) THEN
287*
288* Not enough work space for the optimal NB, consider using
289* a smaller block size.
290*
291 nbmin = ilaenv( 2, 'DGEBRD', ' ', m, n, -1, -1 )
292 IF( lwork.GE.( m+n )*nbmin ) THEN
293 nb = lwork / ( m+n )
294 ELSE
295 nb = 1
296 nx = minmn
297 END IF
298 END IF
299 END IF
300 ELSE
301 nx = minmn
302 END IF
303*
304 DO 30 i = 1, minmn - nx, nb
305*
306* Reduce rows and columns i:i+nb-1 to bidiagonal form and return
307* the matrices X and Y which are needed to update the unreduced
308* part of the matrix
309*
310 CALL dlabrd( m-i+1, n-i+1, nb, a( i, i ), lda, d( i ), e( i ),
311 \$ tauq( i ), taup( i ), work, ldwrkx,
312 \$ work( ldwrkx*nb+1 ), ldwrky )
313*
314* Update the trailing submatrix A(i+nb:m,i+nb:n), using an update
315* of the form A := A - V*Y**T - X*U**T
316*
317 CALL dgemm( 'No transpose', 'Transpose', m-i-nb+1, n-i-nb+1,
318 \$ nb, -one, a( i+nb, i ), lda,
319 \$ work( ldwrkx*nb+nb+1 ), ldwrky, one,
320 \$ a( i+nb, i+nb ), lda )
321 CALL dgemm( 'No transpose', 'No transpose', m-i-nb+1, n-i-nb+1,
322 \$ nb, -one, work( nb+1 ), ldwrkx, a( i, i+nb ), lda,
323 \$ one, a( i+nb, i+nb ), lda )
324*
325* Copy diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B back into A
326*
327 IF( m.GE.n ) THEN
328 DO 10 j = i, i + nb - 1
329 a( j, j ) = d( j )
330 a( j, j+1 ) = e( j )
331 10 CONTINUE
332 ELSE
333 DO 20 j = i, i + nb - 1
334 a( j, j ) = d( j )
335 a( j+1, j ) = e( j )
336 20 CONTINUE
337 END IF
338 30 CONTINUE
339*
340* Use unblocked code to reduce the remainder of the matrix
341*
342 CALL dgebd2( m-i+1, n-i+1, a( i, i ), lda, d( i ), e( i ),
343 \$ tauq( i ), taup( i ), work, iinfo )
344 work( 1 ) = ws
345 RETURN
346*
347* End of DGEBRD
348*
integer function ilaenv(ISPEC, NAME, OPTS, N1, N2, N3, N4)
ILAENV
Definition: ilaenv.f:162
subroutine xerbla(SRNAME, INFO)
XERBLA
Definition: xerbla.f:60
subroutine dgemm(TRANSA, TRANSB, M, N, K, ALPHA, A, LDA, B, LDB, BETA, C, LDC)
DGEMM
Definition: dgemm.f:187
subroutine dgebd2(M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO)
DGEBD2 reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.
Definition: dgebd2.f:189
subroutine dlabrd(M, N, NB, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, X, LDX, Y, LDY)
DLABRD reduces the first nb rows and columns of a general matrix to a bidiagonal form.
Definition: dlabrd.f:210
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