LAPACK 3.11.0 LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage
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## ◆ zhesvx()

 subroutine zhesvx ( character FACT, character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * ) X, integer LDX, double precision RCOND, double precision, dimension( * ) FERR, double precision, dimension( * ) BERR, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK, integer INFO )

ZHESVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for HE matrices

Purpose:
``` ZHESVX uses the diagonal pivoting factorization to compute the
solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B,
where A is an N-by-N Hermitian matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS
matrices.

Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also
provided.```
Description:
``` The following steps are performed:

1. If FACT = 'N', the diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A.
The form of the factorization is
A = U * D * U**H,  if UPLO = 'U', or
A = L * D * L**H,  if UPLO = 'L',
where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
triangular matrices, and D is Hermitian and block diagonal with
1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

2. If some D(i,i)=0, so that D is exactly singular, then the routine
returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A is used
to estimate the condition number of the matrix A.  If the
reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine precision,
INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine still goes on
to solve for X and compute error bounds as described below.

3. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
of A.

4. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution
matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates
for it.```
Parameters
 [in] FACT ``` FACT is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether or not the factored form of A has been supplied on entry. = 'F': On entry, AF and IPIV contain the factored form of A. A, AF and IPIV will not be modified. = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AF and factored.``` [in] UPLO ``` UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.``` [in] N ``` N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.``` [in] NRHS ``` NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.``` [in] A ``` A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) The Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced.``` [in] LDA ``` LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).``` [in,out] AF ``` AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N) If FACT = 'F', then AF is an input argument and on entry contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H as computed by ZHETRF. If FACT = 'N', then AF is an output argument and on exit returns the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H.``` [in] LDAF ``` LDAF is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N).``` [in,out] IPIV ``` IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry contains details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as determined by ZHETRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit contains details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as determined by ZHETRF.``` [in] B ``` B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B.``` [in] LDB ``` LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).``` [out] X ``` X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.``` [in] LDX ``` LDX is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).``` [out] RCOND ``` RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix A. If RCOND is less than the machine precision (in particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix is singular to working precision. This condition is indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.``` [out] FERR ``` FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.``` [out] BERR ``` BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).``` [out] WORK ``` WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.``` [in] LWORK ``` LWORK is INTEGER The length of WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N), and for best performance, when FACT = 'N', LWORK >= max(1,2*N,N*NB), where NB is the optimal blocksize for ZHETRF. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.``` [out] RWORK ` RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)` [out] INFO ``` INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, and i is <= N: D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed but the factor D is exactly singular, so the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0 is returned. = N+1: D is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine precision, meaning that the matrix is singular to working precision. Nevertheless, the solution and error bounds are computed because there are a number of situations where the computed solution can be more accurate than the value of RCOND would suggest.```

Definition at line 282 of file zhesvx.f.

285*
286* -- LAPACK driver routine --
287* -- LAPACK is a software package provided by Univ. of Tennessee, --
288* -- Univ. of California Berkeley, Univ. of Colorado Denver and NAG Ltd..--
289*
290* .. Scalar Arguments ..
291 CHARACTER FACT, UPLO
292 INTEGER INFO, LDA, LDAF, LDB, LDX, LWORK, N, NRHS
293 DOUBLE PRECISION RCOND
294* ..
295* .. Array Arguments ..
296 INTEGER IPIV( * )
297 DOUBLE PRECISION BERR( * ), FERR( * ), RWORK( * )
298 COMPLEX*16 A( LDA, * ), AF( LDAF, * ), B( LDB, * ),
299 \$ WORK( * ), X( LDX, * )
300* ..
301*
302* =====================================================================
303*
304* .. Parameters ..
305 DOUBLE PRECISION ZERO
306 parameter( zero = 0.0d+0 )
307* ..
308* .. Local Scalars ..
309 LOGICAL LQUERY, NOFACT
310 INTEGER LWKOPT, NB
311 DOUBLE PRECISION ANORM
312* ..
313* .. External Functions ..
314 LOGICAL LSAME
315 INTEGER ILAENV
316 DOUBLE PRECISION DLAMCH, ZLANHE
317 EXTERNAL lsame, ilaenv, dlamch, zlanhe
318* ..
319* .. External Subroutines ..
320 EXTERNAL xerbla, zhecon, zherfs, zhetrf, zhetrs, zlacpy
321* ..
322* .. Intrinsic Functions ..
323 INTRINSIC max
324* ..
325* .. Executable Statements ..
326*
327* Test the input parameters.
328*
329 info = 0
330 nofact = lsame( fact, 'N' )
331 lquery = ( lwork.EQ.-1 )
332 IF( .NOT.nofact .AND. .NOT.lsame( fact, 'F' ) ) THEN
333 info = -1
334 ELSE IF( .NOT.lsame( uplo, 'U' ) .AND. .NOT.lsame( uplo, 'L' ) )
335 \$ THEN
336 info = -2
337 ELSE IF( n.LT.0 ) THEN
338 info = -3
339 ELSE IF( nrhs.LT.0 ) THEN
340 info = -4
341 ELSE IF( lda.LT.max( 1, n ) ) THEN
342 info = -6
343 ELSE IF( ldaf.LT.max( 1, n ) ) THEN
344 info = -8
345 ELSE IF( ldb.LT.max( 1, n ) ) THEN
346 info = -11
347 ELSE IF( ldx.LT.max( 1, n ) ) THEN
348 info = -13
349 ELSE IF( lwork.LT.max( 1, 2*n ) .AND. .NOT.lquery ) THEN
350 info = -18
351 END IF
352*
353 IF( info.EQ.0 ) THEN
354 lwkopt = max( 1, 2*n )
355 IF( nofact ) THEN
356 nb = ilaenv( 1, 'ZHETRF', uplo, n, -1, -1, -1 )
357 lwkopt = max( lwkopt, n*nb )
358 END IF
359 work( 1 ) = lwkopt
360 END IF
361*
362 IF( info.NE.0 ) THEN
363 CALL xerbla( 'ZHESVX', -info )
364 RETURN
365 ELSE IF( lquery ) THEN
366 RETURN
367 END IF
368*
369 IF( nofact ) THEN
370*
371* Compute the factorization A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H.
372*
373 CALL zlacpy( uplo, n, n, a, lda, af, ldaf )
374 CALL zhetrf( uplo, n, af, ldaf, ipiv, work, lwork, info )
375*
376* Return if INFO is non-zero.
377*
378 IF( info.GT.0 )THEN
379 rcond = zero
380 RETURN
381 END IF
382 END IF
383*
384* Compute the norm of the matrix A.
385*
386 anorm = zlanhe( 'I', uplo, n, a, lda, rwork )
387*
388* Compute the reciprocal of the condition number of A.
389*
390 CALL zhecon( uplo, n, af, ldaf, ipiv, anorm, rcond, work, info )
391*
392* Compute the solution vectors X.
393*
394 CALL zlacpy( 'Full', n, nrhs, b, ldb, x, ldx )
395 CALL zhetrs( uplo, n, nrhs, af, ldaf, ipiv, x, ldx, info )
396*
397* Use iterative refinement to improve the computed solutions and
398* compute error bounds and backward error estimates for them.
399*
400 CALL zherfs( uplo, n, nrhs, a, lda, af, ldaf, ipiv, b, ldb, x,
401 \$ ldx, ferr, berr, work, rwork, info )
402*
403* Set INFO = N+1 if the matrix is singular to working precision.
404*
405 IF( rcond.LT.dlamch( 'Epsilon' ) )
406 \$ info = n + 1
407*
408 work( 1 ) = lwkopt
409*
410 RETURN
411*
412* End of ZHESVX
413*
double precision function dlamch(CMACH)
DLAMCH
Definition: dlamch.f:69
integer function ilaenv(ISPEC, NAME, OPTS, N1, N2, N3, N4)
ILAENV
Definition: ilaenv.f:162
subroutine xerbla(SRNAME, INFO)
XERBLA
Definition: xerbla.f:60
logical function lsame(CA, CB)
LSAME
Definition: lsame.f:53
double precision function zlanhe(NORM, UPLO, N, A, LDA, WORK)
ZLANHE returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm,...
Definition: zlanhe.f:124
subroutine zherfs(UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)
ZHERFS
Definition: zherfs.f:192
subroutine zhecon(UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO)
ZHECON
Definition: zhecon.f:125
subroutine zhetrs(UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)
ZHETRS
Definition: zhetrs.f:120
subroutine zhetrf(UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZHETRF
Definition: zhetrf.f:177
subroutine zlacpy(UPLO, M, N, A, LDA, B, LDB)
ZLACPY copies all or part of one two-dimensional array to another.
Definition: zlacpy.f:103
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