LAPACK 3.12.0
LAPACK: Linear Algebra PACKage

subroutine dsytrf_rk  (  character  uplo, 
integer  n,  
double precision, dimension( lda, * )  a,  
integer  lda,  
double precision, dimension( * )  e,  
integer, dimension( * )  ipiv,  
double precision, dimension( * )  work,  
integer  lwork,  
integer  info  
) 
DSYTRF_RK computes the factorization of a real symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded BunchKaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method (BLAS3 blocked algorithm).
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DSYTRF_RK computes the factorization of a real symmetric matrix A using the bounded BunchKaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method: A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T), where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix, U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with 1by1 and 2by2 diagonal blocks. This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS. For more information see Further Details section.
[in]  UPLO  UPLO is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the symmetric matrix A is stored: = 'U': Upper triangular = 'L': Lower triangular 
[in]  N  N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. 
[in,out]  A  A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U': the leading NbyN upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L': the leading NbyN lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, contains: a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k); (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D are stored on exit in array E), and b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A. If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A. 
[in]  LDA  LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N). 
[out]  E  E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D with 1by1 or 2by2 diagonal blocks, where If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0; If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N1, E(N) is set to 0. NOTE: For 1by1 diagonal block D(k), where 1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is set to 0 in both UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases. 
[out]  IPIV  IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) IPIV describes the permutation matrix P in the factorization of matrix A as follows. The absolute value of IPIV(k) represents the index of row and column that were interchanged with the kth row and column. The value of UPLO describes the order in which the interchanges were applied. Also, the sign of IPIV represents the block structure of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D with 1by1 or 2by2 diagonal blocks which correspond to 1 or 2 interchanges at each factorization step. For more info see Further Details section. If UPLO = 'U', ( in factorization order, k decreases from N to 1 ): a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means: D(k,k) is a 1by1 diagonal block. If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N); If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred. b) A pair of consecutive negative entries IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k1) < 0 means: D(k1:k,k1:k) is a 2by2 diagonal block. (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs). 1) If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N). If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred. 2) If IPIV(k1) != k1, rows and columns k1 and IPIV(k1) were interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N). If IPIV(k1) = k1, no interchange occurred. c) In both cases a) and b), always ABS( IPIV(k) ) <= k. d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output. If UPLO = 'L', ( in factorization order, k increases from 1 to N ): a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means: D(k,k) is a 1by1 diagonal block. If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N). If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred. b) A pair of consecutive negative entries IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0 means: D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2by2 diagonal block. (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs). 1) If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N). If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred. 2) If IPIV(k+1) != k+1, rows and columns k1 and IPIV(k1) were interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N). If IPIV(k+1) = k+1, no interchange occurred. c) In both cases a) and b), always ABS( IPIV(k) ) >= k. d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output. 
[out]  WORK  WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( MAX(1,LWORK) ). On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK. 
[in]  LWORK  LWORK is INTEGER The length of WORK. LWORK >=1. For best performance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the block size returned by ILAENV. If LWORK = 1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA. 
[out]  INFO  INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: If INFO = k, the kth argument had an illegal value > 0: If INFO = k, the matrix A is singular, because: If UPLO = 'U': column k in the upper triangular part of A contains all zeros. If UPLO = 'L': column k in the lower triangular part of A contains all zeros. Therefore D(k,k) is exactly zero, and superdiagonal elements of column k of U (or subdiagonal elements of column k of L ) are all zeros. The factorization has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it is used to solve a system of equations. NOTE: INFO only stores the first occurrence of a singularity, any subsequent occurrence of singularity is not stored in INFO even though the factorization always completes. 
TODO: put correct description
December 2016, Igor Kozachenko, Computer Science Division, University of California, Berkeley September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas, School of Mathematics, University of Manchester
Definition at line 257 of file dsytrf_rk.f.