%%% -*-BibTeX-*- %%% ==================================================================== %%% BibTeX-file{ %%% author = "Nelson H. F. Beebe", %%% version = "2.34", %%% date = "13 January 2011", %%% time = "17:33:39 MDT", %%% filename = "cacm1970.bib", %%% address = "University of Utah %%% Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB %%% 155 S 1400 E RM 233 %%% Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090 %%% USA", %%% telephone = "+1 801 581 5254", %%% FAX = "+1 801 581 4148", %%% checksum = "48281 45368 209760 2079426", %%% email = "beebe at math.utah.edu, beebe at acm.org, %%% beebe at computer.org (Internet)", %%% codetable = "ISO/ASCII", %%% keywords = "bibliography, CACM, Communications of the %%% ACM", %%% license = "public domain", %%% supported = "yes", %%% docstring = "This is a bibliography of the journal %%% Communications of the ACM (CODEN CACMA2, ISSN %%% 0001-0782), covering (incompletely) 1970 -- %%% 1979. %%% %%% At version 2.34, the year coverage looked %%% like this: %%% %%% 1961 ( 1) 1972 ( 179) 1983 ( 1) %%% 1962 ( 1) 1973 ( 162) 1984 ( 0) %%% 1963 ( 5) 1974 ( 138) 1985 ( 3) %%% 1964 ( 4) 1975 ( 121) 1986 ( 1) %%% 1965 ( 2) 1976 ( 96) 1987 ( 0) %%% 1966 ( 3) 1977 ( 121) 1988 ( 1) %%% 1967 ( 3) 1978 ( 120) 1989 ( 0) %%% 1968 ( 6) 1979 ( 81) 1990 ( 2) %%% 1969 ( 8) 1980 ( 1) 1991 ( 4) %%% 1970 ( 157) 1981 ( 2) 1992 ( 1) %%% 1971 ( 106) 1982 ( 1) %%% %%% Article: 1324 %%% Book: 3 %%% InProceedings: 1 %%% Manual: 1 %%% MastersThesis: 1 %%% PhdThesis: 1 %%% %%% Total entries: 1331 %%% %%% The size of the original cacm.bib file %%% covering 1958--1996 became too large (about %%% 4000 entries) for BibTeX and TeX to handle, %%% so at version 1.44, it was split into %%% cacm1950.bib, cacm1960.bib, cacm1970.bib, %%% cacm1980.bib, and cacm1990.bib, each covering %%% the decade starting with the year embedded in %%% the filename. Version numbers for these %%% files begin at 2.00. %%% %%% Volumes from the 1990s average more than 200 %%% articles yearly, so a complete bibliography %%% for this journal could contain more than 6000 %%% entries from 1958 to 2000. %%% %%% These bibliographies also include ACM %%% Algorithms 1--492. For Algorithms 493--686, %%% including Algorithm 568, published in ACM %%% Transactions on Programming Languages and %%% Systems (TOPLAS), see the companion %%% bibliographies, toms.bib and toplas.bib. %%% %%% All published Remarks and Corrigenda are %%% cross-referenced in both directions, so %%% that citing a paper will automatically %%% generate citations for those Remarks and %%% Corrigenda. Cross-referenced entries are %%% duplicated in cacm19*.bib and toms.bib, so %%% that each is completely self-contained. %%% %%% Source code for ACM Algorithms from 380 %%% onwards, with some omissions, is available %%% via the Netlib service at %%% http://netlib.ornl.gov/, and %%% ftp://netlib.bell-labs.com/netlib/toms. %%% %%% There is a World Wide Web search facility %%% for articles published in this journal from %%% 1959 to 1979 at %%% http://ciir.cs.umass.edu/cgi-bin/web_query_form/public/cacm2.1. %%% %%% The initial draft of entries for 1981 -- %%% 1990 was extracted from the ACM Computing %%% Archive CD ROM for the 1980s, with manual %%% corrections and additions. Additions were %%% then made from all of the bibliographies in %%% the TeX User Group collection, from %%% bibliographies in the author's personal %%% files, from the Compendex database %%% (1970--1979), from the IEEE INSPEC database %%% (1970--1979), from tables of contents %%% information at http://www.acm.org/pubs/cacm/, %%% from Zentralblatt fur Mathematik Mathematics %%% Abstracts at %%% http://www.emis.de/cgi-bin/MATH/, from %%% bibliographies at Internet host %%% netlib.bell-labs.com, and from the computer %%% science bibliography collection on %%% ftp.ira.uka.de in /pub/bibliography to which %%% many people of have contributed. The %%% snapshot of this collection was taken on %%% 5-May-1994, and it consists of 441 BibTeX %%% files, 2,672,675 lines, 205,289 entries, and %%% 6,375 <at>String{} abbreviations, occupying %%% 94.8MB of disk space. %%% %%% Numerous errors in the sources noted above %%% have been corrected. Spelling has been %%% verified with the UNIX spell and GNU ispell %%% programs using the exception dictionary %%% stored in the companion file with extension %%% .sok. %%% %%% BibTeX citation tags are uniformly chosen %%% as name:year:abbrev, where name is the %%% family name of the first author or editor, %%% year is a 4-digit number, and abbrev is a %%% 3-letter condensation of important title %%% words. Citation tags were automatically %%% generated by software developed for the %%% BibNet Project. %%% %%% In this bibliography, entries are sorted in %%% publication order within each journal, %%% using bibsort -byvolume. %%% %%% The checksum field above contains a CRC-16 %%% checksum as the first value, followed by the %%% equivalent of the standard UNIX wc (word %%% count) utility output of lines, words, and %%% characters. This is produced by Robert %%% Solovay's checksum utility.", %%% } %%% ==================================================================== @Preamble{ "\input bibnames.sty " # "\input path.sty " # "\def \TM {${}^{\sc TM}$} " # "\hyphenation{ al-pha-mer-ic Balz-er Blom-quist Bo-ta-fo-go Bran-din Brans-comb Bu-tera Chris-tina Christ-o-fi-des Col-lins Cor-dell data-base econ-omies Fletch-er flow-chart flow-charts Fry-styk ge-dank-en Gar-fink-el Ge-ha-ni Glush-ko Goud-reau Gua-dan-go Hari-di Haw-thorn Hem-men-ding-er Hor-o-witz Hour-vitz Hirsch-berg Ike-da Ka-chi-tvi-chyan-u-kul Kat-ze-nel-son Kitz-miller Ko-ba-yashi Le-Me-tay-er Ken-ne-dy Law-rence Mac-kay Mai-net-ti Mar-sa-glia Max-well Mer-ner Mo-ran-di Na-ray-an New-ell Nich-ols para-digm pat-ent-ed Phi-lo-kyp-rou Prep-a-ra-ta pseu-do-chain-ing QUIK-SCRIPT Rad-e-mach-er re-eval-u-a-tion re-wind Ros-witha Scheu-er-mann Schwach-heim Schob-bens Schon-berg Sho-sha-ni Si-tha-ra-ma Skwa-rec-ki Streck-er Strin-gi-ni Tes-ler Te-zu-ka Teu-ho-la Till-quist Town-send Tsi-chri-tzis Tur-ski Vuille-min Wald-ing-er Za-bo-row-ski Za-mora }"} %%% ==================================================================== %%% Acknowledgement abbreviations: @String{ack-nhfb= "Nelson H. F. Beebe, University of Utah, Department of Mathematics, 110 LCB, 155 S 1400 E RM 233, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0090, USA, Tel: +1 801 581 5254, FAX: +1 801 581 4148, e-mail: \path|beebe@math.utah.edu|, \path|beebe@acm.org|, \path|beebe@computer.org| (Internet), URL: \path|http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/|"} @String{ack-nj= "Norbert Juffa, 2445 Mission College Blvd. Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA email: \path=norbert@iit.com="} %%% ==================================================================== %%% Journal abbreviations: @String{j-CACM= "Communications of the ACM"} @String{j-COMP-SURV= "Computing Surveys"} @String{j-J-ACM= "Journal of the ACM"} @String{j-MANAGEMENT-SCIENCE= "Management Science"} @String{j-SIAM-J-COMPUT= "SIAM Journal of Computing"} @String{j-SPE= "Software --- Practice and Experience"} @String{j-TOMS= "ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software"} %%% ==================================================================== %%% Publisher abbreviations: @String{pub-ANSI= "American National Standards Institute"} @String{pub-ANSI:adr= "1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018, USA"} @String{pub-AW= "Ad{\-d}i{\-s}on-Wes{\-l}ey"} @String{pub-AW:adr= "Reading, MA, USA"} @String{pub-MORGAN-KAUFMANN= "Morgan Kaufmann Publishers"} @String{pub-MORGAN-KAUFMANN:adr= "Los Altos, CA 94022, USA"} @String{pub-SUCSLI= "Stanford University Center for the Study of Language and Information"} @String{pub-SUCSLI:adr= "Stanford, CA, USA"} %%% ==================================================================== %%% Bibliography entries (cross-references in notes necessitate %%% inclusion of a few additional entries published elsewhere): @Article{Herndon:1961:AASa, author = "J. R. Herndon", title = "{ACM Algorithm 49}: Spherical {Neumann} Function", journal = j-CACM, volume = "4", number = "4", pages = "179", month = apr, year = "1961", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:50 1994", note = "See also \cite{Coleman:1978:RAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Merner:1962:AAC, author = "J. N. Merner", title = "{ACM Algorithm 149}: Complete Elliptic Integral", journal = j-CACM, volume = "5", number = "12", pages = "605", month = dec, year = "1962", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:50 1994", note = "See also \cite{Skovgaard:1978:RCE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Arthurs:1963:AAL, author = "T. D. Arthurs", title = "{ACM Algorithm 176}: Least Squares Surface Fit", journal = j-CACM, volume = "6", number = "6", pages = "313", month = jun, year = "1963", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:31:33 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Schuegraf:1972:RAL}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Ludwig:1963:AAI, author = "O. G. Ludwig", title = "{ACM Algorithm 179}: Incomplete Beta Ratio", journal = j-CACM, volume = "6", number = "6", pages = "314", month = jun, year = "1963", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:50 1994", note = "See also \cite{Pike:1976:RIB,Bosten:1974:RAI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Relph:1963:AAH, author = "A. P. Relph", title = "{ACM Algorithm 191}: Hypergeometric", journal = j-CACM, volume = "6", number = "7", pages = "388--389", month = jul, year = "1963", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:02 1994", note = "See certification \cite{Koppelaar:1974:CRA}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Thurnau:1963:AAB, author = "D. H. Thurnau", title = "{ACM Algorithm 195}: {BANDSOLVE}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "6", number = "8", pages = "441", month = aug, year = "1963", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:11 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Schuegraf:1972:RAB}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Kase:1963:AAT, author = "R. H. Kase", title = "{ACM Algorithm 219}: Topological Ordering for {Pert} Networks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "6", number = "12", pages = "738--739", month = dec, year = "1963", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:51 1994", note = "See also \cite{Tenney:1977:RAT}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Gautschi:1964:AAI, author = "W. Gautschi", title = "{ACM Algorithm 222}: Incomplete Beta Function Ratios", journal = j-CACM, volume = "7", number = "3", pages = "143--144", month = mar, year = "1964", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:19 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Kolm:1971:MAL,Ellis:1974:RAHb}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Gautschi:1964:AAB, author = "W. Gautschi", title = "{ACM Algorithm 236}: {Bessel} Functions of the First Kind", journal = j-CACM, volume = "7", number = "8", pages = "479--480", month = aug, year = "1964", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994", note = "See also \cite{Skovgaard:1975:RBF}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Boothroyd:1964:AAG, author = "J. Boothroyd", title = "{ACM Algorithm 246}: Graycode", journal = j-CACM, volume = "7", number = "12", pages = "701", month = dec, year = "1964", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994", note = "See also \cite{Misra:1975:RG,Er:1985:RG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Floyd:1964:AAT, author = "R. W. Floyd", title = "{ACM Algorithm 245}: Treesort 3", journal = j-CACM, volume = "7", number = "12", pages = "701", month = dec, year = "1964", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:18 1994", note = "See certification \cite{London:1970:CAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Gautschi:1965:AAL, author = "W. Gautschi", title = "{ACM Algorithm 259}: {Legendre} Functions for Arguments Larger than One", journal = j-CACM, volume = "8", number = "8", pages = "488--492", month = aug, year = "1965", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994", note = "See also \cite{Jansen:1977:RLF}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Pike:1965:AAP, author = "M. C. Pike and I. D. Hill", title = "{ACM Algorithm 266}: Pseudo-Random Numbers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "8", number = "10", pages = "605--606", month = oct, year = "1965", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:34 1994", note = "See certification \cite{Sullins:1972:CAP}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Gautschi:1966:AD, author = "Walter Gautschi", title = "{Algorithm 282}: {Derivatives} of $e^x/x$, $\cos(x)/x$, and $\sin(x)/x$", journal = j-CACM, volume = "9", number = "4", pages = "272--272", month = apr, year = "1966", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Nov 25 18:20:05 MST 2005", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; http://www.acm.org/pubs/contents/journals/cacm/", note = "See remark \cite{Gautschi:1970:RAD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "$\cos(x)/x$; $\sin(x)/x$; $e^x/x$; elementary functions", } @Article{Fletcher:1966:AAI, author = "W. Fletcher", title = "{ACM Algorithm 284}: Interchange of Two Blocks of Data", journal = j-CACM, volume = "9", number = "5", pages = "326", month = may, year = "1966", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994", note = "See also \cite{Ito:1976:RIT}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Hill:1967:AAC, author = "I. D. Hill and M. C. Pike", title = "{ACM Algorithm 299}: Chi-Squared Integral", journal = j-CACM, volume = "10", number = "4", pages = "243--244", month = apr, year = "1967", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:47:54 1994", note = "See also \cite{Lozy:1976:RCS,Hill:1985:RCS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Gunn:1967:AAC, author = "J. H. Gunn", title = "{ACM Algorithm 300}: {Coulomb} Wave Functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "10", number = "4", pages = "244--245", month = apr, year = "1967", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:53 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Vos:1973:RAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Brown:1967:AAS, author = "K. M. Brown", title = "{ACM Algorithm 316}: Solution of Simultaneous Nonlinear Equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "10", number = "11", pages = "728--729", month = nov, year = "1967", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:50 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Raduchel:1971:RAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Ord-Smith:1968:AAG, author = "R. J. Ord-Smith", title = "{ACM Algorithm 323}: Generation of Permutations in Lexicographic Order", journal = j-CACM, volume = "11", number = "2", pages = "117", month = feb, year = "1968", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:05 1994", note = "See certification \cite{Leitch:1969:CGP} and remark \cite{Roy:1973:RAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Bayer:1968:AAM, author = "G. Bayer", title = "{ACM Algorithm 324}: Maxflow", journal = j-CACM, volume = "11", number = "2", pages = "117--118", month = feb, year = "1968", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:32:59 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Bayer:1973:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Dijkstra:1968:GSC, author = "Edsger Wybe Dijkstra", title = "Go to statement considered harmful", journal = j-CACM, volume = "11", number = "3", pages = "147--148", month = mar, year = "1968", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", note = "This paper inspired scores of others, published mainly in SIGPLAN Notices up to the mid-1980s. The best-known is \cite{Knuth:1974:SPG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Witte:1968:AAJ, author = "B. F. W. Witte", title = "{ACM Algorithm 332}: {Jacobi} Polynomials", journal = j-CACM, volume = "11", number = "6", pages = "436--437", month = jun, year = "1968", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:08 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Skovgaard:1975:RAJ}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Salazar:1968:AAM, author = "R. C. Salazar and S. K. Sen", title = "{ACM Algorithm 333}: Minit Algorithm For Linear Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "11", number = "6", pages = "437--440", month = jun, year = "1968", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:06 1994", note = "See remark \cite{Holmgren:1973:RAM,Obradovic:1973:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Grad:1968:AAE, author = "J. Grad and M. A. Brebner", title = "{ACM Algorithm 343}: Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Generator Matrix", journal = j-CACM, volume = "11", number = "12", pages = "820--826", month = dec, year = "1968", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Niessner:1972:RAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Computer Services, Univ. Birmingham, UK", keywords = "eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; matrix algebra", } @Article{Singleton:1969:AAEa, author = "R. C. Singleton", title = "{ACM Algorithm 347}: An Efficient Algorithm for Sorting with Minimal Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "3", pages = "185--187", month = mar, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997", note = "See remarks \cite{Griffin:1970:RME,Peto:1970:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150E (General utility programs)", corpsource = "Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA", keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting; sorting; subroutines", } @Article{ANSI:1969:CFS, author = "{ANSI Subcommittee X3J3}", title = "Clarification of {Fortran} Standards --- Initial Progress", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "5", pages = "289--294", month = may, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Aug 29 18:26:25 1994", note = "See also \cite{ANSI:1966:AF}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Clemm:1969:AAC, author = "D. S. Clemm", title = "{ACM Algorithm 352}: Characteristic Values and Associated Solutions of {Mathieu}'s Differential Equation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "7", pages = "399--407 (or 399--406??)", month = jul, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Frisch:1972:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, USA", keywords = "differential equations; function evaluation; subroutines", } @Article{Wirth:1969:MMC, author = "N. Wirth", title = "On Multiprogramming, Machine Coding, and Computer Organization", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "9", pages = "489--498", month = sep, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:23:22 1997", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Wirth:1970:CMM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Leitch:1969:CGP, author = "I. M. Leitch", title = "Certification of {ACM Algorithm 323 [G6]}: Generation of Permutations in Lexicographic Order", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "9", pages = "512--512", month = sep, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Sat Feb 01 07:26:28 1997", note = "See \cite{Ord-Smith:1968:AAG,Roy:1973:RAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "direct lexicographic order; lexicographic generation; permutations; reverse lexicographic order", } @Article{Singleton:1969:AAEb, author = "R. C. Singleton", title = "{ACM Algorithm 357}: An Efficient Prime Number Generator", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "10", pages = "563--564", month = oct, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Mar 24 21:38:51 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{DeMorgan:1973:RAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA", keywords = "algebra; number theory; subroutines", } @Article{Gautschi:1969:AAC, author = "W. Gautschi", title = "{ACM Algorithm 363}: Complex Error Function", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "11", pages = "635", month = nov, year = "1969", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:33:14 1994", note = "See certification \cite{Kolbig:1972:CAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Lowe:1970:ASC, author = "T. C. Lowe", title = "Automatic segmentation of cyclic program structures based on connectivity and processor timing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "3--6", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Informatics Inc., Bethesda, MD, USA", keywords = "input-output programs; multiprogramming; program processors; time-sharing programs", } @Article{Gautschi:1970:RCC, author = "Walter Gautschi and Bruce J. Klein", title = "Recursive computation of certain derivatives --- {A} study of error propagation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "7--9", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65Q05", MRnumber = "46 1115", MRreviewer = "D. F. Mayers", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", abstract = "A brief study is made of the propagation of errors in linear first-order difference equations. The recursive computation of successive derivatives of $(e^x)/x$ and $(\cos x)/x$ is considered as an illustration.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods)", corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA", keywords = "difference equations; error analysis; error propagation; recursive computation; successive derivatives", } @Article{Mullery:1970:PAM, author = "A. P. Mullery and G. C. Driscoll", title = "A processor allocation method for time-sharing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "10--14", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "IBM, Thomas J. Watson Res. Center Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", keywords = "storage allocation; time-sharing programs", } @Article{Simmons:1970:NLQ, author = "R. F. Simmons", title = "Natural Language Question-Answering Systems: 1969", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "15--30", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "artificial intelligence; computational linguistics; language; translation and linguistics", } @Article{Irons:1970:EEL, author = "E. T. Irons", title = "Experience with an extensible language", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "31--40", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Inst. Defense Analyses Princeton, NJ, USA", keywords = "procedure oriented languages", } @Article{Montanari:1970:NML, author = "Ugo Montanari", title = "A note on minimal length polygonal approximation to a digitized contour", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "41--47", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.20", MRnumber = "44\#2311", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:22 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Montanari70", abstract = "A method for extracting a smooth polygonal contour from a digitized image is illustrated. The ordered sequence of contour points and the connection graph of the image are first obtained by a modified Ledley algorithm in one image scan. A minimal perimeter polygon subjected to specified constraints is then chosen as the approximating contour. The determination of the minimal polygon can be reduced to a nonlinear programming problem, solved by an algorithm which takes into account the weak bonds between variables. Some examples are presented, and the corresponding computing times are listed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "Consiglio Nazionale delle Richerche, Pisa, Italy", keywords = "connection tree; digitized image; minimal polygon; nonlinear programming; optimal approximation; pattern recognition", oldlabel = "Montanari70", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Montanari70", } @Article{Stehfest:1970:AAN, author = "Harald Stehfest", title = "{ACM Algorithm 368}: Numerical Inversion of {Laplace} Transforms", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "47--49", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "J. W. Goethe Univ. Frankfurt am Main, West Germany", keywords = "Laplace transforms; subroutines", } @Article{Schaffer:1970:AAG, author = "H. E. Schaffer", title = "{ACM Algorithm 369}: Generator of Random Numbers Satisfying the {Poisson} Distribution", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "49--49", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA", keywords = "random number generation; subroutines", } @Article{Butler:1970:AAG, author = "E. L. Butler", title = "{ACM Algorithm 370}: General Random Number Generator", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "49--52", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Proll:1972:RAA}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX, USA", keywords = "random number generation; subroutines", } @Article{McKay:1970:AAP, author = "J. K. S. McKay", title = "{ACM Algorithm 371}: Partitions in Natural Order", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "52--52", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "California Inst. Technol. Pasadena, CA, USA", keywords = "number theory; subroutines", } @Article{Dunham:1970:AAA, author = "K. B. Dunham", title = "{ACM Algorithm 372}: An Algorithm to Produce Complex Primes {CSIEVE}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "52--54", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Georgia Inst. Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA", keywords = "number theory; subroutines", xxnote = "Check pages??", } @Article{Gautschi:1970:RAD, author = "Walter Gautschi and Bruce J. Klein", title = "Remark on {Algorithm 282, Derivatives of $e^x / x$, $\cos(x) / x$, and $\sin(x) / x$}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "53--54", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Sat Oct 30 07:27:17 2010", note = "See \cite{Gautschi:1966:AD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM", remark = "Fullerton: Corrections are given for several Algol procedures.", } @Article{Griffin:1970:RME, author = "R. Griffin and K. A. Redich", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 347}: {An Efficient Algorithm for Sorting with Minimal Storage [{M1}]}, by {R. C. Singleton}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "54--54", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:26:41 1997", note = "See \cite{Singleton:1969:AAEa,Peto:1970:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting; sorting", } @Article{Anonymous:1970:RCD, author = "Anonymous", title = "Representation for calendar date for machine-to-machine data interchange", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "55--55", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "codes; standards", } @Article{Anonymous:1970:IRP, author = "Anonymous", title = "Interchange rolls of perforated tape for information interchange", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "56--56", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5320Z (Other digital storage); C5560 (Data preparation equipment); C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", keywords = "digital storage; equipment; information retrieval; punched tape; standards", } @Article{Payne:1970:FTP, author = "W. H. Payne", title = "{Fortran Tausworthe} pseudorandom number generator", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "1", pages = "57--57", month = jan, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Washington State Univ. Pullman, WA, USA", keywords = "random number generation", } @Article{Hsiao:1970:FSI, author = "David K. Hsiao and Frank D. Harary", title = "A Formal System for Information Retrieval from Files", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "67--73", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib", note = "See corrigenda \cite{Hsiao:1970:CFS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA", keywords = "file organisation; information retrieval", } @Article{vonGlaserfeld:1970:MPH, author = "E. {von Glaserfeld} and P. P. Pisani", title = "The multistore parser for hierarchical syntactic structures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "74--82", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. Georgia, Athens, GA, USA", keywords = "computational linguistics", } @Article{Vere:1970:TE, author = "Steven Vere", title = "Translation equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "83--89", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A30", MRnumber = "45 4925", MRreviewer = "H. Maurer", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See errata \cite{Vere:1970:TEE},", abstract = "Input limited transduction expressions, or translation equations, are used to describe the syntax and left-context sensitive semantics for context-free languages. A formal procedure is given for deriving from a set of translation equations the specifications for a pushdown translator. The translator consists of Mealy form finite-state automata interacting by means of a pushdown stack. Within the framework described string recognition and parsing may be treated as special cases of the translation problem.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "automata; computational linguistics; context-free languages; finite state automata; formal languages; meta-compilers; parsing; pushdown transducer; recognizers; regular expression; syntax directed compilers; transduction expression; translation; Turing machines", } @Article{Morgan:1970:SCS, author = "H. L. Morgan", title = "Spelling correction in systems programs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "90--94", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:33:52 1997", abstract = "Several specialized techniques are shown for efficiently incorporating spelling correction algorithms in to compilers and operating systems. These include the use of syntax and semantics information, the organization of restricted keyword and symbol tables, and the consideration of a limited class of spelling errors. Sample 360 coding for performing spelling correction is presented. By using systems which perform spelling correction, the number of debugging runs per program has been decreased, saving both programmer and machine time.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating systems)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "compilers; computer science and automata; debugging; diagnostics; error correction; error detection; lexical analysis systems programming; misspelling; operating systems; program debugging; spelling correction; subroutines", } @Article{Earley:1970:ECF, author = "Jay Earley", title = "An Efficient Context-Free Parsing Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "94--102", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Earley70", abstract = "A parsing algorithm which seems to be the most efficient general context-free algorithm known is described. It is similar to both Knuth's LR(k) algorithm and the familiar top-down algorithm. It has a time bound proportional to $n^3$ (where $n$ is the length of the string being parsed) in general; it has a $n^2$ bound for unambiguous grammars; and it runs in linear time on a large class of grammars, which seems to include most practical context-free programming language grammars. In an empirical comparison it appears to be superior to the top-down and bottom-up algorithms studied by Griffiths and Petrick.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", keywords = "compilers; computational complexity; computational linguistics; context-free grammar; parsing; program compilers; syntax analysis", oldlabel = "Earley70", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Earley70", } @Article{Radke:1970:UQR, author = "C. E. Radke", title = "The Use of Quadratic Residue Research", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "103--105", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "IBM, Endicott, NY, USA", keywords = "data handling; programming", } @Article{Jones:1970:VSA, author = "B. Jones", title = "A Variation on Sorting by Address Calculation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "105--107", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Martin Marietta Corp., Orlando, FL, USA", keywords = "sorting", } @Article{Bell:1970:QQM, author = "James R. Bell", title = "The Quadratic Quotient Method: {A} Hash Code Eliminating Secondary Clustering", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "107--109", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Bell70", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA", keywords = "table lookup", oldlabel = "Bell70", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bell70", } @Article{Ness:1970:CEG, author = "D. N. Ness and R. S. Green and W. A. Martin and G. A. Moulton", title = "Computer education in a graduate school of management", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "110--114, 19", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "education; management; simulation", } @Article{Robbins:1970:ICS, author = "M. F. Robbins and J. D. Beyer", title = "An interactive computer system using graphical flowchart input", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "115--119", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7400 (Engineering computing); C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA", keywords = "applications of computers; computers; control system synthesis; electrical engineering; engineering applications of; online operation; sampled data systems; simulation", } @Article{White:1970:AAN, author = "J. S. White", title = "{ACM Algorithm 373}: Number of Doubly Restricted Partitions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "120--120", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA", keywords = "combinatorial mathematics; subroutines", } @Article{White:1970:AAR, author = "J. S. White", title = "{ACM Algorithm 374}: Restricted Partition Generator", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "120--120", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA", keywords = "combinatorial mathematics; subroutines", } @Article{Spath:1970:AAF, author = "H. Sp{\"{a}}th", title = "{ACM Algorithm 375}: Fitting Data to One Exponential", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "120--121", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Inst. Neutronenphysik Reaktortechnik, Karlsruhe, West Germany", keywords = "least squares approximations; nonlinear equations; subroutines", } @Article{Spath:1970:AAL, author = "H. Sp{\"{a}}th", title = "{ACM Algorithm 376}: Least Squares Fit by {$f(x)=A\cos(Bx+C)$}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "2", pages = "121--122", month = feb, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Inst. Neutronenphysik, Reaktortechnik, Karlsruhe, West Germany", keywords = "least squares approximations; nonlinear equations; subroutines", } @Article{Fenichel:1970:PTP, author = "R. R. Fenichel and J. Weizenbaum and J. C. Yochelson", title = "A Program to Teach Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "141--146", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The TEACH system was developed at MIT to ease the cost and improve the results of elementary instruction in programming. To the student, TEACH offers loosely guided experience with a conversational language which was designed with teaching in mind. Faculty involvement is limited. At the heart of the TEACH system is an interactive language which somewhat resembles Joss, but is somewhat more amenable to rational explanation. Surrounding the language processor is a teaching system which presents lessons to the student, supervises his progress, and permits him to exercise his skills. A term of experience with TEACH is discussed. Pedagogically, the system appears to be successful; straightforward reimplementation will make it economically successful as well.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management); C6150Z (Other systems operation programs)", corpsource = "Massachusetts Inst. Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer applications; computer-assisted learning; computers, programming; education; elementary programming; engineering education; programming; TEACH; UNCL; utility programs", } @Article{Slagle:1970:EMT, author = "J. R. Slagle and J. K. Dixon", title = "Experiments with the {M \& N} Tree-Searching Program", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "147--154, 159", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The M \& N procedure is an improvement to the mini-max backing-up procedure widely used in computer programs for game-playing and other purposes. It is based on the principle that it is desirable to have many options when making decisions in the face of uncertainty. The mini-max procedure assigns to a MAX (MIN) node the value of the highest (lowest) valued successor to that node. The M \& N procedure assigns to a MAX (MIN) node some function of the M (N) highest (lowest) valued successors. An M \& N procedure was written in LISP to play the game of kalah, and it was demonstrated that the M \& Nprocedure is significantly superior to the mini-max procedure. The statistical significance of important conclusions is given. Since information on statistical significance has often been lacking in papers on computer experiments in the artificial intelligence field, these experiments can perhaps serve as a model for future work.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)", corpsource = "Education Welfare, Bethesda, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "arg; artificial intelligence; automata theory; computers; game theory; heuristic programming; optimisation; programming; trees (mathematics)", } @Article{Batson:1970:MSS, author = "A. Batson and Shy-Ming M. Ju and D. C. Wood", title = "Measurements of Segment Size", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "155--159", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Distributions of segment sizes measured under routine operating conditions on a computer system which utilizes variable sized segments (the Burroughs B5500) are discussed. The most striking feature of the measurements is the large number of small segments-about 60\% of the segments in use contain less than 40 words. Although the results are certainly not installation independent, and although they are particularly influenced by features of the B5500 ALGOL system, they should be relevant to the design of new computer systems, especially with respect to the organization of paging schemes.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; dynamic memory management; operating systems; storage allocation", } @Article{Watson:1970:ANM, author = "G. A. Watson", title = "On an Algorithm for Nonlinear Minimax Approximation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "160--162", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "90.50 (65.00)", MRnumber = "44\#3694", MRreviewer = "R. W. Cottle", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Certain nonlinear minimax approximation problems are characterized by properties which permit the application of special algorithms, mainly, based on the exchange algorithms of E. Y. Remes (1934, 1935), for their solution. The application to problems of this type of a general nonlinear algorithm due to M. R. Osborne and G. A. Watson (1969) is considered. Examples are given to illustrate that this algorithm can give satisfactory results and, in particular, can successfully solve problems which lead to difficulties with the more conventional specialist methods.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques)", corpsource = "Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, Australia", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "linear programming; mathematics; minimax approximation; nonlinear approximation; numerical methods; optimisation; THO", } @Article{Schweikert:1970:CEI, author = "D. G. Schweikert", title = "A Comparison of Error Improvement Estimates for Adaptive Trapezoid Integration", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "163--166", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.55", MRnumber = "44\#7751", MRreviewer = "R. E. Barnhill", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Various simple choices of error improvement estimates for the trapezoid rule are studied to demonstrate a comparison procedure which is relatively independent of the profusion of adaptive search and stopping strategies. Comparisons are based on $x^r1$; the inclusion of the noninteger powers makes this more realistic than the usual polynomial based comparison. Behavior near the singularity was found to be the dominant factor, and a new estimate, based on a constant curvature assumption and parametric differences, was considered slightly better than the other choices considered.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "adaptive integration; error analysis; error improvement estimate; integration; mathematics; nonpolynomial error criteria; numerical methods; re; trapezoid rule", } @Article{Schwarcz:1970:DQA, author = "Robert M. Schwarcz and John F. Burger and Robert F. Simmons", title = "A Deductive Question Answerer for Natural Language Inference", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "167--183", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib", abstract = "The question-answering aspects of the Protosynthex III prototype language processing system are described and exemplified in detail. The system is written in LISP 1. 5 and operates on the Q-32 time-sharing system. The system's data structures and their semantic organization, the deductive question-answering formalism of relational properties and complex-relation-forming operators, and the question-answering procedures which employ these features in their operation are all described and illustrated. Examples of the system's performance and of the limitations of its question-answering capability are presented and discussed. It is shown that the use of semantic information in deductive question answering greatly facilitates the process, and that a top-down procedure which works from question to answer enables effective use to be made of this information.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Deductive inference driven by English: PROTOSYNTHEX III", classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "System Dev. Corp., Santa Monica, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "artificial intelligence; automata theory; computational linguistics; information retrieval; language translation and linguistics", } @Article{Cardenas:1970:PLP, author = "A. F. Cardenas and W. J. Karplus", title = "{PDEL} --- a Language for Partial Differential Equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "184--191", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:33:36 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Conventional computer methods available to solve continuous system problems characterized by partial differential equations are very time-consuming and cumbersome. A convenient, easy to learn and to use, high level problem oriented language to solve and study partial differential equation problems has been designed; a practical translator for the language has also been designed, and a working version of it has been constructed for a significant portion of the language. This Partial Differential Equation Language, PDEL, is outlined, and the highlights of the translator are briefly summarized. PDEL can handle a large variety of fields. Time-dependent and time-independent fields can be defined. Any size of grid can be used to approximate regular and irregular geometries. Linear, nonlinear, uniform and nonuniform fields can be treated.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; differential equations; mathematics; problem oriented languages", } @Article{Levine:1970:AAS, author = "Michael J. Levine and Stanley M. Swanson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 377}: Symbolic Expansion of Algebraic Expressions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "191--192", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:35:50 1997", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "algebra; subroutines", } @Article{Kailas:1970:AMC, author = "M. V. Kailas", title = "Another method of converting from hexadecimal to decimal", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "193--193", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", keywords = "digital arithmetic", } @Article{Pager:1970:NSP, author = "D. Pager", title = "A number system for the permutations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "193--193", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA", keywords = "number theory", } @Article{Dempster:1970:CPA, author = "J. R. H. Dempster", title = "Comment on a Paging Anomaly", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "193--194", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada", keywords = "computation theory; demand paging; paging machines; replacement algorithm; storage allocation", } @Article{Maurer:1970:NCI, author = "H. A. Maurer", title = "A Note on the Complement of Inherently Ambiguous Context-Free Languages", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "194--194", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada", keywords = "ambiguity; bounded language; Chomsky-language; complement; context-free language; formal languages; inherent ambiguity; phrase structure language; production system; type 2 language", } @Article{Hsiao:1970:CFS, author = "D. K. Hsiao and F. D. Harary", title = "Corrigenda: {``A Formal System for Information Retrieval from Files''}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "3", pages = "266--266", month = mar, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Dec 26 18:33:42 1995", note = "See \cite{Hsiao:1970:FSI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{DeSalvio:1970:CCI, author = "A. J. DeSalvio and J. G. Purdy and J. Rau", title = "Creation and Control of Internal Data Bases Under a {Fortran} Programming Environment", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "211--215", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A method is described for the definition of a user's COMMON structure and the automatic generation of the necessary COMMON, DIMENSION, EQUIVALENCE, and type declarations for each of the user's routines. The definition for the COMMON is contained in an easy to modify form, thus allowing the control of general communications of data between routines. The described system has been implemented on the IBM 7094, CDC 6000 series, and the IBM 360. The method has proved to be invaluable for the definition and control of COMMON in many large-scale programs.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "TRW Systems, Redondo Beach and Sunnyvale, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; data handling; data structures; FORTRAN", } @Article{Mills:1970:SDP, author = "H. D. Mills", title = "Syntax-Directed Documentation for {PL360}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "216--222", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The language PL360, together with its phrase structure grammar, is used as a concrete basis for illustrating an idea called syntax-directed documentation. This idea is-to use the phrase structure of a program to define the structure of a formal documentation for that program; to use the syntactic types and identifiers in the resulting structure to trigger the automatic formation of questions to the programmer, whose answers will become part of that documentation; and to provide automatic storage and retrieval facilities so that other programmers who want to understand or modify the index in various ways by syntactic types and objects. A small PL360 program, already found in the literature, is worked out as an example.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating systems)", corpsource = "IBM, Gaithersburg, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; computers, programming; documentation; procedure oriented languages; Program and system", } @Article{Bayer:1970:SCC, author = "Rudolf Bayer and Christoph Witzgall", title = "Some Complete Calculi for Matrices", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "223--237", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib", abstract = "A matrix calculus is introduced with the intention of developing data structures suitable for a high level algorithmic language for mathematical programming. It is shown how the special structure of matrices can be described and utilized for efficient computing by saving memory space and superfluous operations. Sequences of matrices (and sequences of sequences of matrices) are considered, and matrix operators are extended to sequence operators and cumulative operators. Algorithms are given which use symbol manipulation of matrix expressions so as to find the forms best suited for computation. These forms are called normalforms. Several completeness results are obtained in the sense that for each expression an equivalent expression in normal form can be found within a specified calculus.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, checked = "29 June 1993", classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques)", corpsource = "Boeing Sci. Res. Labs., Seattle, WA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "algorithmic languages; computers; computers, programming; data structures; mathematical; mathematics; matrix algebra; programming", } @Article{BrinchHansen:1970:NMS, author = "P. {Brinch Hansen}", title = "The Nucleus of a Multiprogramming System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "238--241, 250", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib", abstract = "The philosophy and structure is described of a multiprogramming system that can be extended with a hierarchy of operating systems to suit diverse requirements of program scheduling and resource allocation. The system nucleus simulates an environment in which program execution and input\slash output are handled uniformly as parallel, cooperating processes. A fundamental set of primitives allows the dynamic creation and control of a hierarchy of processes as well as the communication among them.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "A/S Regnecentralen, Copenhagen, Denmark", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; computers, time sharing; multiprogramming; operating systems", } @Article{Eastman:1970:RSP, author = "C. M. Eastman", title = "Representations for Space Planning", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "242--250", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Problems involving the arrangement of objects in two-or three-space where the objective function primarily consists of derivatives of the distance between objects or their arrangement are called space planning problems. The representational requirements for this problem area are defined and compared with current computer graphic languages. Four alternative data structures that allow automated space planning are described and compared.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer-aided design; computers; computers, language; data structures; design automation; graphic methods; graphics", } @Article{Pomeranz:1970:CMP, author = "J. E. Pomeranz and R. L. {Weil, Jr.}", title = "The cyclical majority problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "251--254", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The unsolved combinational problem of the cyclical majority is presented and some mew, simulated results for 3, 4, 5,\ldots{}, 40 issues and 3, 5, 7,\ldots{}, 37 judges are reported. The method devised for simulating the voting process to estimate the probabilities does not solve the problem, but appears much more efficient than one previous simulation and more accurate than another.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "combinatorial mathematics; computers, simulation; simulation; statistical methods", } @Article{Nilson:1970:CSU, author = "E. N. Nilson", title = "Cubic Splines on Uniform Meshes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "255--258", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.20", MRnumber = "44\#1189", MRreviewer = "C. A. Hall", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A very simple procedure is presented for constructing cubic splines, periodic or nonperiodic, on uniform meshes. Arcs of two cubics suffice to construct a basis of cardinal splines. An algorithm is given which requires only minimal storage and computation and permits easy trade-off of one against the other. The application of these devices is of fundamental importance in the area of computer graphics where substantial savings in computing time and storage requirements have special significance.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Pratt and Whitney Aircraft, East Hartford, CT, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "cardinal splines; computers; mathematics; numerical methods; polynomials; simple spline representation; uniform mesh splines", } @Article{Pankiewicz:1970:AAD, author = "W. Pankiewicz", title = "{ACM Algorithm 378}: Discretized {Newton}-like Method for Solving a System of Simultaneous Nonlinear Equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "259--260", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", keywords = "nonlinear equations; numerical methods; subroutines", } @Article{Lyness:1970:AAS, author = "J. N. Lyness", title = "{ACM Algorithm 379}: {SQUANK (Simpson Quadrature Used Adaptively-Noise Killed)}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "260--263", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:37:51 1997", note = "See certification \cite{Hallet:1972:CAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", keywords = "integration; subroutines", } @Article{Heess:1970:CPW, author = "W. F. {Heess, Jr.}", title = "Comments on a paper by {Wallace} and {Mason}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "264--265", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", keywords = "multiprogramming; storage allocation", } @Article{Smith:1970:CMU, author = "J. L. Smith", title = "Comment on multiprogramming under a page on demand strategy", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "265--265", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "CSIRO, Canberra City, ACT, Australia", keywords = "multiprogramming", } @Article{deVries:1970:CLM, author = "Ronald C. {de Vries}", title = "Comment on {Lawler}'s Multilevel {Boolean} minimization", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "265--266", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68.00 (94.00)", MRnumber = "44\#7801", MRreviewer = "E. Maliszewski", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4230 (Switching theory)", corpsource = "Univ. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA", keywords = "generalized prime implicants; incompletely specified functions; minimal forms; minimisation of switching nets; minimization; multilevel logic design", } @Article{Knight:1970:ACP, author = "K. R. Knight", title = "An {Algol} construction for procedures as parameters of procedures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "266--266", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Surrey, Guildford, UK", keywords = "ALGOL; programming", } @Article{Wirth:1970:CMM, author = "N. Wirth", title = "Corrigenda: {``On Multiprogramming, Machine Coding, and Computer Organization''}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "4", pages = "266--266", month = apr, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Jan 06 09:47:03 1998", note = "See \cite{Wirth:1969:MMC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Hodes:1970:PSO, author = "L. Hodes", title = "Programming System for the On-Line Analysis of Biomedical Images", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "279--283, 286", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A preliminary description of the software for a computer-display system is given with special emphasis on the man-machine interaction. This system is intended for a wide variety of biomedical applications. As an example, the methods are applied to the karyotyping of chromosomes. The system is separated into four programming tasks-picture transformations, file maintenance, picture structuring, and display management. Picture structuring is considered as the vehicle for man-machine communication. A prototype data format for pictures, called a picture-form, is developed. Structure operators are defined which manipulate picture-forms to produce new picture-forms. Many of the ideas are taken from the symbolic mathematical laboratory at MIT conceived by M. Minsky.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Dept. Health, Education Welfare, Bethasda, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "bioengineering, computer applications; biology; computers; computers, programming; data handling; data reduction and analysis; graphics; image processing; machine systems; man-; medicine; pattern recognition", } @Article{Sitton:1970:OGA, author = "G. A. Sitton", title = "Operations on Generalized Arrays with the {Genie} Compiler", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "284--286", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Operations on vectors, matrices, and higher dimensional storage arrays are standard features of most compilers today. The elements of such structures are usually restricted to be scalars For many sophisticated applications this restriction can impose cumbersome data representations. An efficient system has been devised and implemented which allows the elements of multidimensional arrays to themselves be multidimensional arrays. This system was developed from a storage structure in which the location, length, and content of each array is described by a codeword which can be interpreted by the system. Codewords may describe arrays containing more codewords, thus providing all needed descriptive information for hyperstructures of any form.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Rice Univ., Houston, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; computers, operating systems; data handling; data structures; E P; matrix operations; multidimensional arrays; program compilers; programming", } @Article{Vere:1970:TEE, author = "S. Vere", title = "Translation Equations (Errata)", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "286--286", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:28:27 1997", note = "See \cite{Vere:1970:TE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Sasser:1970:ASS, author = "W. E. Sasser and D. S. Burdick and D. A. Graham and T. H. Naylor", title = "Application of Sequential Sampling to Simulation. an Example Inventory Model", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "287--296", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Four different sequential sampling procedures are applied to the analysis of data generated by a computer simulation experiment with a multi-item inventory model. For each procedure the cost of computer time required to achieve given levels of statistical precision is calculated. Also the cost of computer time using comparable fixed sample size methods is calculated. The computer costs of fixed sample size procedures vs sequential sampling procedures are compared. Details are given for the inventory model and sampling procedures.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1220 (Simulation, modelling and identification)", corpsource = "Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; control; data reduction and analysis; industrial management, data processing; inventory control; modelling; sequential sampling; simulation; statistical methods; stock", } @Article{Loeckx:1970:ACB, author = "J. Loeckx", title = "Algorithm for the Construction of Bounded-Context Parsers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "297--307", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "An algorithm is described which accepts an arbitrary context-free grammar and constructs a bounded-context parser for it whenever such a parser exists. The definition of a context-free grammar and the working of a bounded-context parser are recalled. The notion of reduction class for a context-free grammar is then introduced and its connection with the structure of a bounded-context parser is indicated. Next, pushdown automata which generate the different reduction classes of a context-free grammar are defined. Finally, the algorithm is described; it essentially carries out an exhaustive study of all possible runs of the pushdown automata generating the reduction classes. The utility of the algorithm is discussed in the light of the experience gained from its use in compiler design.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "MBLE Res. Lab., Brussels, Belgium", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automata theory; compilers; computational linguistics; computers, language; context-free grammars; formal languages; grammars; low", } @Article{Reynolds:1970:GST, author = "John C. Reynolds", title = "{GEDANKEN} --- {A} Simple Typeless Language Based on the Principle of Completeness and the Reference Concept", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "308--319", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib", abstract = "In this experimental programming language, any value which is permitted in some context of the language is permissible in any other meaningful context. In particular, functions and labels are permissible results of functions and values of variables. Assignment and indirect addressing are formalized by introducing values, called references, which in turn possess other values. The assignment operation always affects the relation between some reference and its values. All composed data structures are treated as functions. Type declarations are not permitted. Any data structure may be implicit; i.e., it may be specified by giving an arbitrary algorithm for computing or accessing its components. The existence of label variables permits the construction of coroutines, quasi-parallel processes, and other unorthodox control mechanisms. A variety of programming examples illustrates the generality of the language. Limitations and possible extensions are discussed briefly.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, checked = "4 September 1990", classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; data structures; gedanken; procedure oriented languages; programming languages", } @Article{Crespi-Reghizzi:1970:LTG, author = "S. Crespi-Reghizzi and R. Morpurgo", title = "A language for treating graphs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "319--323", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A language for the representation of graphs is described, and the formulation of graph operations such as node and\slash or link deletion or insertion, union, intersection, comparison, and traversal of graphs is given. Graphs are represented by linked lists. The language is syntactically defined as an extension to ALGOL 60, and it is translated into ALGOL by means of a syntax-driven compiler. Application areas for this language are operation research, network problems, control theory, traffic problems, etc.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Politecnico di Milano, Italy", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automatic control, analysis; computers; data handling; data structures; electric circuits, analysis; graph theory; operations research; procedure oriented languages", } @Article{Laflin:1970:AAS, author = "S. Laflin and M. A. Brebner", title = "{ACM Algorithm 380}: In-situ Transposition of a Rectangular Matrix", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "324--326", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:00 1997", note = "See certification \cite{Macleod:1972:STR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Birmingham, UK", keywords = "matrix algebra; subroutines", } @Article{Knop:1970:AAR, author = "R. E. Knop", title = "{ACM Algorithm 381}: Random Vectors Uniform In Solid Angle", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "5", pages = "326--326", month = may, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Schrack:1972:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ, USA", keywords = "random number generation; subroutines", } @Article{Elder:1970:FVI, author = "H. A. Elder", title = "On the Feasibility of Voice Input to an On-Line Computer Processing System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "339--346", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "An on-line digital computer processing system is considered in which an ordinary telephone is the complete terminal device, input to the computer being provided as a sequence of spoken words, and output to the user being audio responses from the machine. The feasibility of implementing such a system with a FORTRAN-like algebraic compiler as the object processor is considered. Details of a specific word recognition program are given. This technique \ldots{} between each input word. Experimental results are presented giving error rates for different experimental conditions as well as the machine resources required to accommodate several users at a time. The results show that at this time it is both economically and logically feasible to handle at least 40 users at a time with an IBM 360\slash 65 computer.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5590 (Other computer peripheral equipment)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer peripheral equipment; computers; computers, input-output device; computers, pattern recognition; data processing; man-machine interfaces; online operation; recognition; speech; speech, recognition; telephony; voice input", } @Article{Muthukrishnan:1970:CDT, author = "C. R. Muthukrishnan and V. Rajaraman", title = "On the Conversion of Decision Tables to Computer Programs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "347--351", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The use of execution time diagnostics in pinpointing ambiguities in decision tables is discussed. It is pointed out that any attempt at resolving ambiguities at compile time will, in general, be impossible. It is shown that, as a consequence, three methods of converting decision tables to programs are inadequate in regard to ambiguity detection. Two algorithms for programming decision tables whose merits are simplicity of implementation and detection of ambiguities at execution time are presented. The first algorithm is for limited entry decision tables and clarifies the importance of proper coding of the information in the decision table. The second algorithm programs a mixed entry decision table directly without going through the intermediate step of conversion to a limited entry form, thereby resulting in storage economy. A comparison of the algorithms and others proposed in the literature is made. Some features of a decision table to FORTRAN IV translator developed for the IBM 7044 are given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems)", corpsource = "Indian Inst. Technol., Kanpur, India", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; decision tables; operations research; programming", } @Article{Grimes:1970:SRC, author = "J. E. Grimes", title = "Scheduling to Reduce Conflict in Meetings", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "351--352", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Conflicts in scheduling can be treated as defining an undirected linear graph independently of the relation of the activities in conflict to additional constraints of time and space. Each connected component of such a graph, which can be found by an algorithm described by S. C. Gotlieb and D. C. Corneil, corresponds to a set of events that must be scheduled at different times. Applications are discussed in scheduling the presentation of papers at meetings and scheduling examinations.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "co; computers; graph theory; programming; undirected linear graphs", } @Article{Frantz:1970:PPA, author = "D. G. Frantz", title = "A {PL\slash} 1 program to assist the comparative linguist", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "353--356", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Arrowwood, Alta., Canada", keywords = "language translation and linguistics", } @Article{Damerau:1970:APC, author = "F. J. Damerau", title = "Automatic Parsing for Content Analysis", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "356--360", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Although automatic syntactic and semantic analysis is not yet possible for all of an unrestricted natural language text, some applications, of which content analysis is one, do not have such a stringent coverage requirement. Preliminary studies show that the Harvard Syntactic Analyzer can produce correct and unambiguous identification of the subject and object of certain verbs for approximately half of the relevant occurrences. This provides a degree of coverage for content analysis variables which compares favorably to manual methods, in which only a sample of the total available text is normally processed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers, data processing; content analysis; E L; information storage and retrie; language translation and linguistics; linguistics; natural language processing; syntactic analysis", } @Article{Linz:1970:AFP, author = "Peter Linz", title = "Accurate Floating-Point Summation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "361--362", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.25", MRnumber = "44\#3468", MRreviewer = "R. P. Brent", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1970.bib", abstract = "This paper describes an alternate method for summing a set of floating-point numbers. Comparison of the error bound for this method with that of the standard summation method shows that it is considerably less sensitive to propagation of round-off error.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # "\slash " # ack-nj, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA", descriptors = "Simulation; statistics; numeric calculation;", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; computers, data processing; digital arithmetic; floating point arithmetic; floating-point addition; mathematics; numerical methods; round-off error; round-off errors; round-off propagation; summation", } @Article{Hillstrom:1970:CSA, author = "K. E. Hillstrom", title = "Comparison of Several Adaptive {Newton--Cotes} Quadrature Routines in Evaluating Definite Integrals with Peaked Integrands", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "362--365", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "It is shown, by numerical experiment only, that there are certain quadratures for which the rate of convergences increases with the use of higher degree Newton--Cotes rules, used adaptively. The advantage of adaptive methods over a nonadaptive rule in approximating integrals having peaked integrands is demonstrated. The performance of five different adaptive quadrature schemes, based on Newton--Cotes (2N plus 1) point rules (N equals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5), in approximating a set of definite integrals is compared.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers, data processing; convergence of numerical methods; integral evaluation; integration; mathematics; methods; numerical; numerical integration; numerical methods; quadrature schemes", } @Article{Stewart:1970:IOS, author = "G. W. Stewart", title = "Incorporating Origin Shifts into the {QR} Algorithm for Symmetric Tridiagonal Matrices", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "365--367", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/gvl.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib", abstract = "The QR iteration for the eigenvalues of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix can be accelerated by incorporating a sequence of origin shifts. The origin shift may be either subtracted directly from the diagonal elements of the matrix or incorporated by means of an implicit algorithm. Both methods have drawbacks-the direct method can unnecessarily degrade small eigenvalues, while the implicit method can effectively loose the shift and thereby retard the convergence. A new method which has neither drawback is presented. Both the algorithm proposed here and the implicit algorithm are safer than the explicit algorithm. The implicit algorithm requires somewhat less computation, but the new algorithm will give faster convergence in some cases, an important consideration when eigenvectors are being calculated.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "Univ. Tex., Austin, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers, data processing; convergence of numerical methods; eigenfunctions; eigenvalues; eigenvalues and; eigenvectors; iterative methods; mathematics; matrix algebra; origin shifts; QR method; symmetric tridiagonal matrix; tridiagonal matrices", kwds = "nla, eig, QR algorithm, symmetric matrix, tridiagonal matrix", } @Article{Chase:1970:AAC, author = "P. J. Chase", title = "{ACM Algorithm 382}: Combinations of ${M}$ Out of ${N}$ Objects", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "368--368", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Dept. Defense, Fort Meade, MD, USA", keywords = "algebra; subroutines", } @Article{Chase:1970:AAP, author = "P. J. Chase", title = "{ACM Algorithm 383}: Permutations of a Set with Repetitions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "368--369", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Dept. Defense, Fort Meade, MD, USA", keywords = "algebra; subroutines", } @Article{Stewart:1970:AAE, author = "G. W. Stewart", title = "{ACM Algorithm 384}: Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Matrix [{F2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "369--371", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See errata \cite{Stewart:1970:RAF}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "eigenvalues; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; eigenvectors; matrix algebra; QR algorithm; real symmetric matrix; subroutines", kwds = "nla, eig, QR algorithm, symmetric matrix", } @Article{London:1970:CAM, author = "R. L. London", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 245: Treesort 3 [{M1}]}'': Proof of Algorithms --- {A} New Kind of Certification", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "371--374", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:26:39 1997", note = "See \cite{Floyd:1964:AAT}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Chandler:1970:RS, author = "J. P. Chandler and W. C. Harrison", title = "{R201}--{SHELLSORT}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "373--374", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:28:53 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting; sorting", } @Article{Codd:1970:RMD, author = "E. F. Codd", title = "A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "6", pages = "377--387", month = jun, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/362384.362685", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:31:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/database.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Codd70", note = "Reprinted in \cite[pp.~5--15]{Stonebraker:1988:RDS}.", URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Codd70.html", abstract = "Future users of large data banks must be protected from having to know how the data is organized in the machine (the internal representation). A prompting service which supplies such information is not a satisfactory solution. Activities of users at terminals and most application programs would remain unaffected when the internal representation of data is changed and even when some aspects of the external representation are changed. Changes in data representation will often be needed as a result of changes in query, update, and report traffic and natural growth in the types of stored information. Existing noninferential, formatted data systems provide users with tree-structured files or slightly more general network models of the data. In Section 1, inadequacies of these models are discussed. A model based on $n$-ary relations, a normal form for data base relations, and the concept of a universal data sublanguage are introduced. In Section 2, certain operations on relations (other than logical inference) are discussed and applied to the problems of redundancy and consistency in the user's model.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Shows problems of hierarchical data organization, presents a non-hierarchical `normal' structure, and discusses languages for describing relations of such normal structures.", cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM13/P377.pdf", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "composition; computers, data storage; consistency; data bank; data banks; data base; data integrity; data organization; data structure; data structures; derivability; file organisation; hierarchies of data; information retrieval; information storage and retrie; join; networks of data; NOI; predicate calculus; redundancy; relations; retrieval language; security; systems", oldlabel = "Codd70", review = "ACM CR 8905-0329", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Codd70", } @Article{Grant:1970:ICG, author = "C. A. Grant", title = "An interactive command generating facility", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "403--406", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A facility to permit conversationally controlled tasks to be executed in a noninteractive environment is proposed. A means by which programs can generate interactive time-sharing commands and receive the corresponding output response is presented. The commands will be invoked as if they had been typed at a console keyboard. It is argued that this facility will help overcome some of the current limitations in man-computer communication. A set of functions to accomplish the above which could be embedded into any string processing language is suggested, and necessary information pertinent to implementation of the facility on existing time-sharing systems is given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140B (Machine-oriented languages); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; computers, time sharing; interactive computing; machine oriented languages; operating systems; time-sharing systems", } @Article{Wilkes:1970:CAM, author = "M. A. Wilkes", title = "Conversational Access to a 2048-Word Machine", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "407--414", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "LAP6 is an on-line system running on 2048- word LINC which provides full facilities for text editing, automatic filing and file maintenance, and program preparation and assembly. It focuses on the preparation and editing of continuously displayed 23,040- character text strings (manuscripts) which can be positioned anywhere by the user and edited by simply adding and deleting lines as though working directly on an elastic scroll. Other features are available through a uniform command set which itself can be augmented by the user. The machine, although small, aids program design by providing display scope and premarked randomly addressable LINC tapes as standard items, in an environment similar to that of a sophisticated terminal. The tapes are logically similar to a disk. Priority was given to the design of efficient tape algorithms to minimize the limitations of the small memory. Techniques developed for handling scroll editing, filing, and the layered system structure are outlined.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MS, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; interactive computing; OD; online operation; operating systems; operating systems (computers); text editing", } @Article{Waite:1970:MPS, author = "W. M. Waite", title = "The mobile programming system: {STAGE} 2", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "415--421", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "STAGE 2 is the second level of a bootstrap sequence which is easily implemented on any computer. It is a flexible, powerful macro processor designed specifically as a tool for constructing machine-independent software. The features provided by STAGE 2 are summarized, and the implementation techniques which have made it possible to have STAGE 2 running on a new machine with less than one man-week of effort are discussed. The approach has been successful on over 15 machines of widely varying characteristics.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140E (Other programming languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "bootstrapping; computers; macro processors; programming languages; system", } @Article{Bloom:1970:STT, author = "Burton H. Bloom", title = "Space\slash Time Trade-offs in Hash Coding with Allowable Errors", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "422--426", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Bloom70", URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Bloom70.html", abstract = "Trade-offs among certain computational factors in hash coding are analyzed. The paradigm problem considered is that of testing a series of messages one-by-one for membership in a given set of messages. Two new hash-coding methods are examined and compared with a particular conventional hash-coding method. The computational factors considered are the size of the hash area (space), the time required to identify a message as a nonmember of the given set (reject time), and an allowable error frequency. The new methods are intended to reduce the amount of space required to contain the hash-coded information from that associated with conventional methods. The reduction in space is accomplished by exploiting the possibility that a small fraction of errors of commission may be tolerable in some applications, in particular, applications in which a large amount of data is involved and a core resident hash area is consequently not feasible using conventional methods. An example is discussed which illustrates possible areas of application for the new method.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Phantom use of a direct access list.", cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM13/P422.pdf", classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Computer Usage Co. Newton Upper Falls, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "bit vector filter CACM; codes; computers; computers, errors; hash coding; inf", oldlabel = "Bloom70", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bloom70", } @Article{Coffman:1970:FSU, author = "E. G. {Coffman, Jr.} and J. Eve", title = "File Structures Using Hashing Functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "427--432, 436", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib", abstract = "A general method of file structuring is proposed which uses a hashing function to define tree structure. Two types of such trees are examined, and their relation to trees studied in the past is explained. Results for the probability distributions of path lengths are derived and illustrated.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Tree structure with branching based on bit values of key code.", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; data processing; data structures; file organization; hash coding; information storage and retrie; tree structures; trees (mathematics)", } @Article{Bradley:1970:ABG, author = "Gordon H. Bradley", title = "Algorithm and Bound for the Greatest Common Divisor of $n$ Integers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "433--436", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "10A30", MRnumber = "45 3313", MRreviewer = "A. M. Cohen", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A new version of the Euclidean algorithm for finding the greatest common divisor of $n$ integers $a(i)$ and multipliers $x(i)$ such that $\mbox{gcd} = x(1)a(1) + \ldots + x(n)a(n)$ is presented. The number of arithmetic operations and the number of storage locations are linear in $n$. A theorem of Lame that gives a bound for the number of iterations of the Euclidean algorithm for two integers is extended to the case of $n$ integers. An algorithm to construct a minimal set of multipliers is presented. A Fortran program for the algorithm appears as Comm. ACM Algorithm 386.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods)", corpsource = "Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers, data processing; diophantine equations; Euclidean algorithm; greatest common divisor; iterative methods; mathematics; number theory; numerical methods", } @Article{Woods:1970:CSP, author = "W. A. Woods", title = "Context-Sensitive Parsing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "437--445", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "This paper presents a canonical form for context-sensitive derivations and a parsing algorithm which finds each context-sensitive analysis once and only once. The amount of memory required by the algorithm is essentially no more than the required to store a single complete derivation. In addition, a modified version of the basic algorithm is presented which blocks infinite analyses for grammars which contain loops. The algorithm is also compared with several previous parsers for context-sensitive grammars and general rewriting systems, and the difference between the two types of analyses is discussed. The algorithm appears to be complementary to an algorithm by S. Kuno in several respects, including the space-time trade-off and the degree of context dependence involved.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automata theory; computational linguistics; context-sensitive grammars; context-sensitive parsing; formal grammars; formal language theory; parsing; parsing algorithms; recognition algorithms", } @Article{Paciorek:1970:AAE, author = "K. A. Paciorek", title = "{ACM Algorithm 385}: Exponential Integral ${E}_i(x)$", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "446--447", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Frisch:1972:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", keywords = "integration; subroutines", } @Article{Bradley:1970:AAG, author = "G. H. Bradley", title = "{ACM Algorithm 386}: Greatest Common Divisor of $n$ Integers and Multipliers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "447--448", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See certification \cite{Ragland:1973:CAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods); C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Yale Univ. New Haven, CT, USA", keywords = "number theory; subroutines", } @Article{Bray:1970:CAR, author = "T. Bray", title = "Certification of {Algorithm 22, Ricatti--Bessel Functions of First and Second Kind}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "448--448", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Oct 29 21:49:15 2010", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM", remark = "Fullerton: An error in an Algol procedure is reported.", } @Article{Ng:1970:CAE, author = "E. N. Ng", title = "Certification of {Algorithm 385, Exponential Integral {${\rm Ei}(x)$}}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "448--449", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Sat Oct 30 09:18:14 2010", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM", remark = "Fullerton: Comments on a FORTRAN routine.", } @Article{Sattley:1970:CPL, author = "K. Sattley and R. Millstein", title = "Comments on a paper by {Lowe}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "450--451", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Applied Data Res. Inc., NY, USA", keywords = "computation theory; graph theory", } @Article{Baecker:1970:NDB, author = "H. D. Baecker", title = "A note on data base deadlocks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "451--451", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada", keywords = "information retrieval", } @Article{Pomeranz:1970:NAP, author = "J. E. Pomeranz", title = "Note on an Anomaly in Paging", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "451--451", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", keywords = "demand paging; paging machines; replacement algorithm; storage allocation", } @Article{Hunt:1970:CAA, author = "B. R. Hunt", title = "A Comment on Axiomatic Approaches to Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "7", pages = "452--452", month = jul, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Alamos, NM, USA", keywords = "axiomatic method; computability and decidability; homomorphic structure in programming; programming; proofs of programs", } @Article{Nielsen:1970:ACR, author = "N. R. Nielsen", title = "Allocation of Computer Resources. is Pricing the Answer", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "467--474", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The extent to which a pricing mechanism fits the mold is discussed. Inasmuch as pricing must serve as a rationing mechanism at times, consideration is given to the means by which prices can be adjusted flexibly in order to make a dynamic allocation of resources. Consideration is given to the means by which users can be insulated from the harmful effects of frequent price fluctuations. Two illustrative pricing systems are discussed in order to demonstrate the applicability of pricing in quite different environments.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers; cost accounting; digital computers; economics; industrial management; installation management; resource allocation; resources", } @Article{Nagy:1970:NTH, author = "G. Nagy and N. Tuong", title = "Normalization Techniques for Handprinted Numerals", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "475--481", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A family of pattern standardization techniques based on geometrical projection is applied to a file of digitized handprinted numerals obtained from sales clerks. The principle involves transforming a quadrilateral specified in terms of the convex hull of each pattern into a square. The amount of overlap within each class of characters vs the amount between classes is used to evaluate the degree of normalization achieved with respect to other published methods including size and shear normalization through moments.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers digital, character R; computers, digital; pattern recognition; pattern recognition systems", } @Article{Day:1970:FTQ, author = "A. C. Day", title = "Full Table Quadratic Searching for Scatter Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "481--482", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The quadratic residue search method for hash tables avoids much of the clustering experienced with a linear search method. The simple quadratic search only accesses half the table. It has been shown that when the length of the table is a prime of the form 4n plus 3, where n is an integer, the whole table may be accessed by two quadratic searches plus a separate access for the original entry point. A search method is presented which is computationally simple, has all the advantages of the quadratic search, and yet accesses all the table in one sweep.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Coll. London, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers; computers, data storage; hash coding; programming; table look-up; table lookup", } @Article{Brawn:1970:SPE, author = "B. S. Brawn and F. G. Gustavson and E. S. Mankin", title = "Sorting in a Paging Environment", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "483--494", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib", abstract = "This sorting study was part of an extensive measurement project undertaken on the M44\slash 44X, an experimental paging system which was conceived and implemented at IBM Research in order to explore the virtual machine concept. The study was concerned with the implementation of sorting procedures in the context of the dynamic paging environment characteristic of virtual memory machines. Descriptions of the experimental sort programs and analysis of the performance measurement results obtained for them are presented. The insight gained from the experimental effort is used to arrive at a set of broad guidelines for writing sort programs for a paging environment.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computer, memories; computers; computers, programming; dynamic memory management; External sort virtual memory CACM; operating systems; sorting; virtual machines", } @Article{Saltzer:1970:IM, author = "J. H. Saltzer and J. W. Gintell", title = "The instrumentation of {Multics}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "495--500", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/monitor.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib", abstract = "An array of measuring tools devised to aid in the implementation of a prototype computer utility is discussed. These tools include special hardware clocks and data channels, general purpose programmed probing and recording tools, and specialized measurement facilities. Some particular measurements of interest in a system which combines demand paging with multiprogramming are described in detail. Measuring techniques described here have been directed primarily toward understanding what goes on inside the operating system, rather than on measuring `throughput' system capacity, or the characteristics of system load.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "An array of measuring tools devised to aid in the implementation of a prototype computer utility is discussed. These tools include (1) a hardware calendar clock (52 bit, 1 microsecond resolution) and an associated match register; (2) a memory reference counter; (3) an input/output channel which can be used by an attached processor to read memory; (4) a general metering package which records time spent executing selectable supervisor modules while the system is running; (5) a segment utilization metering facility which periodically probes for the current segment number; (6) a facility which records on a per-segment basis the number of missing pages and segments encountered during execution in that segment; (7) a tool which counts the number of times procedures are called; (8) a software package implemented on a PDP-8 which utilizes the special I/O channel (3); (9) the CLI, which prints out the time of day, the CPU time, and the number of times the process had to wait for a page to be brought in after every `ready message'; (10) a ring buffer containing the segment, page number, and time of day of the last 256 missing pages of the process under measurement; (11) a package to monitor the effect of the system's multiprogramming effort of an individual program; (12) a script driver implemented on a PDP-8; and (13) an internal script driver.", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers; multiprogramming systems; operating distributed performance paging CACM; operating systems; operating systems (computers); performance measurement; system analysis", } @Article{Ichbiah:1970:TGA, author = "J. D. Ichbiah and S. P. Morse", title = "A technique for generating almost optimal {Floyd-Evans} productions for precedence grammars", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "501--508", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Co. Internat. l'Informatique, Les Clayes-sous-Bois, France", keywords = "computational linguistics; grammars; optimisation", } @Article{Fielding:1970:AAF, author = "K. Fielding", title = "{ACM Algorithm 387}: Function Minimization and Linear Search", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "509--510", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, UK", keywords = "optimisation; subroutines", } @Article{Hubner:1970:AAR, author = "H. H{\"{u}}bner and H. Kremer and K. O. Linn and W. Schwering", title = "{ACM Algorithm 388}: {Rademacher} Function", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "510--511", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", keywords = "mathematics; subroutines", } @Article{Hubner:1970:AAB, author = "H. H{\"{u}}bner and H. Kremer and K. O. Linn and W. Schwering", title = "{ACM Algorithm 389}: Binary Ordered {Walsh} Functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "511--511", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", keywords = "mathematics; subroutines", } @Article{Hubner:1970:AAS, author = "H. H{\"{u}}bner and H. Kremer and K. O. Linn and W. Schwering", title = "{ACM Algorithm 390}: Sequency Ordered {Walsh} Functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "511--511", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:16 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", keywords = "mathematics; subroutines", } @Article{McKay:1970:AAU, author = "J. McKay", title = "{ACM Algorithm 391}: Unitary Symmetric Polynomials", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "512--512", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Schrack:1972:RAU}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA", keywords = "polynomials; subroutines", } @Article{Anonymous:1970:ISU, author = "Anonymous", title = "Identification of {States of the United States} (including the {District of Columbia}) for information interchange", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "8", pages = "514--515", month = aug, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "code standards", } @Article{Bouknight:1970:PGT, author = "W. Jack Bouknight", title = "A Procedure for Generation of Three-Dimensional Half-Toned Computer Graphics Presentations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "527--536", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/pre75.bib", abstract = "A description is given of an algorithm for producing computer generated halftone presentations of three-dimensional polygonal surface structures. The history leading to the algorithm development and then the algorithm itself are described. Results are presented and are compared with computer runs achieved by the Warnock approach. An extension of the procedure to variable position illumination sources is also given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods)", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computer graphics; computers; half-tone images; hidden surface; image processing", } @Article{Bracchi:1970:ISS, author = "G. Bracchi and M. Somalvico", title = "Interactive Software System for Computer-Aided Design. an Application to Circuit Project", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "537--545", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Characteristics of an interactive software system, intended to constitute an interface between designer and computer during various steps of the design process, are presented. Main emphasis is given to the description of the features of the two high level user oriented languages, operating at different levels, on which the interaction is based. The first one is IMOL, an interactive monitor language, which is designed to perform the overall and control functions of the software system. The second one is COIF, a circuit oriented graphic language, which is designed to describe, generate, and manipulate graphic problem specifications. The application to computer-aided circuit design is in particular examined.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B1130B (Computer-aided circuit analysis and design); C7410D (Electronic engineering computing)", corpsource = "Politecnico, Milano, Italy", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computer aided circuit design; computer-aided circuit design; computers; computers, graphics; computers, programming; electric circuits, analysis; language; online operation", } @Article{Hirschsohn:1970:AHL, author = "I. Hirschsohn", title = "{AMESPLOT}, a Higher Level Data Plotting Software System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "546--555", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "System described is hardware independent. Elements common to all types of data plots are outlined and the way in which these elements may be combined into a system based on simple modules is demonstrated. Basic syntax of AMESPLOT is outlined, and a brief description is given of its current utility software, consisting of `macros' to produce self-scaled plots, formal tablets of text, interspersed with subplots, map coastlines and 3-D plots. Structuring of plots from multiple, independent, self-contained subplots is described.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computer graphics; computers; computers, language; data plotting; graphics; interactive computing; problem oriented languages", } @Article{Moler:1970:ISR, author = "Cleve B. Moler and Louis P. Solomon", title = "Integrating Square Roots", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "556--557", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.60", MRnumber = "44\#1223", MRreviewer = "J. C. Butcher", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "Differential equation of the $(y')^2 = f(y)$ are difficult to integrate numerically because of the singularity at points where $f(y)$ vanishes. A technique is described for removing the singularity and evaluating the expressions through the use of standard numerical methods for second order ordinary differential equations.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; differential equations; mathematics; numerical methods; quadrature; Y F", } @Article{Kimble:1970:VGL, author = "G. W. Kimble", title = "A Variation of the {Goodman-Lance} Method for the Solution of Two-Point Boundary Value Problems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "557--558", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.62", MRnumber = "44\#3500", MRreviewer = "F. Odeh", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A recently published method for the interpolative solution of nonlinear equations is improved, and applied to give a significant variation of the Goodman-Lance method for the solution of two-point boundary value problems. The resulting method applies in particular to the numerical solution of optimal control problems in the Euler--Lagrange formulation. Quantitative estimates are presented which indicate that the variation is nearly twice as fast on some problems in the latter context.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Univ. Nevada, Reno, NV, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automatic control; boundary value problems; boundary-value problems; CACMA; differential equations; Goodman-Lance; interpolative solution; Newton's method; nonlinear equations; numerical methods; optimal control; optimization; ordinary differential equations; orthogonal matrices; secant method", } @Article{Wilson:1970:OSA, author = "M. Wayne Wilson", title = "Optimal Starting Approximations for Generating Square Root for Slow or No Divide", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "559--560", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.50", MRnumber = "44\#2338", MRreviewer = "J. E. {Dennis, Jr.}", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:30 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip", abstract = "On computing machines with slow or no division, it is preferable to use an iterative scheme for the square root different from the classical Heron scheme. The problem of optimal initial approximants is considered, and some optimal polynomial initial approximations are tabulated.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "IBM, Houston, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; digital arithmetic; ele; iterative methods; mathematics; numerical methods; optimisation", } @Article{Ehrlich:1970:CMI, author = "L. W. Ehrlich", title = "Complex Matrix Inversion Versus Real", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "561--562", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.35", MRnumber = "44\#1196", MRreviewer = "C. G. Cullen", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A comparison of complex matrix with real matrix inversion is made. It is shown that the complex inversion can be up to twice as fast as the real inversion. Further, the rounding error bound for complex inversion is about one-eighth that of real, for Gaussian elimination. Using extended inner product accumulation the bound is half of the real system.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "Johns Hopkins Univ., Silver Spring, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; complex matrix inversion; complex rounding error bounds; error bounds; GUL; inversion; mathematics; matrix algebra; matrix inversion; numerical methods; rounding error bound; rounding errors", } @Article{vanEmden:1970:IEQ, author = "M. H. {van Emden}", title = "Increasing the Efficiency of Quicksort", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "563--567", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:38:44 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "The average asymptotic number of comparisons needed is shown to be $! n log_2 (n)$. A formula is derived expressing $!$ in terms of the probability distribution of the `bound' of a partition. Another generalization of quicksort is presented which uses a bounding interval instead of a single element as bound. This generalization turns out to be easy to implement in a computer program. A numerical approximation shows that $!$ equals 1.140 for this version of quicksort compared with 1.386 for the original. This implies a decrease in number of comparisons of 18\%; actual tests showed about 15\% saving in computing time.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Math. Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers; programming; SAL; sorting", } @Article{Smith:1970:AAS, author = "Robert R. Smith and Dennis McCall", title = "{ACM Algorithm 392}: Systems of Hyperbolic {P.D.E.}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "567--570", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Frisch:1972:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "US Naval Electronics Lab. Center, San Diego, CA, USA", keywords = "boundary-value problems; partial differential equations", } @Article{Abdali:1970:AAS, author = "S. K. Abdali", title = "{ACM Algorithm 393}: Special Series Summation with Arbitrary Precision", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "570--570", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Sale:1972:RAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "function approximation; function evaluation; subroutines", } @Article{Dial:1970:AAD, author = "R. B. Dial", title = "{ACM Algorithm 394}: Decision Table Translation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "571--572", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Marshall:1972:RAD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA, USA", keywords = "decision tables; program interpreters; subroutines", } @Article{Lamport:1970:CBQ, author = "Leslie Lamport and J. R. Bell", title = "Comment on {Bell}'s Quadratic Quotient Method for Hash Code Searching", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "573--574", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "codes; data handling", } @Article{Bavel:1970:NAS, author = "Z. Bavel", title = "On the Number of Automorphisms of a Singly Generated Automaton", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "9", pages = "574--575", month = sep, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4220 (Automata theory)", corpsource = "Univ. Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA", keywords = "automata; automorphisms; finite automata; generators; length of state; minimal-length generators; orbit; singly generated automata", } @Article{Woods:1970:TNG, author = "W. A. Woods", title = "Transition Network Grammars for Natural Language Analysis", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "591--606", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "grammars; language translation and linguistics", } @Article{Earley:1970:FTI, author = "J. Earley and H. Sturgis", title = "A formalism for translator interactions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "607--617", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "Compendex database", abstract = "A formalism is presented for describing the actions of processors for programming languages-compilers, interpreters, assemblers-and their interactions in complex systems such as compiler-compilers or extendible languages. An algorithm is presented for deciding whether or not a given system can be produced from a given set of component processors.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; compilers; computational linguistics; computer, digital; computers, digital, languages; computers, digital, operating; pre; program; program assemblers; program interpreters; program processors; programming languages", } @Article{Hill:1970:AASa, author = "G. W. Hill", title = "{ACM Algorithm 395}: {Student}'s $t$-Distribution", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "617--619", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See also \cite{Lozy:1979:RSD,Hill:1981:RSD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, Australia", keywords = "statistics; subroutines", } @Article{Hill:1970:AASb, author = "G. W. Hill", title = "{ACM Algorithm 396}: {Student}'s $t$-Quantiles", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "619--620", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See also \cite{Hill:1981:RSD,Hill:1981:RSQ,Lozy:1979:RSD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, Australia", keywords = "function evaluation; statistics; subroutines", } @Article{Chang:1970:AAI, author = "S. K. Chang and A. Gill", title = "{ACM Algorithm 397}: An Integer Programming Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "620--621", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Johnson:1972:RAI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", keywords = "integer programming; subroutines", } @Article{Stone:1970:AAT, author = "R. A. Stone", title = "{ACM Algorithm 398}: Tableless Date Conversion", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "621--621", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Robertson:1972:RAT}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Western Electric Co., Princeton, NJ, USA", keywords = "code convertors; subroutines", } @Article{Seppanen:1970:AAS, author = "J. J. Sepp{\"{a}}nen", title = "{ACM Algorithm 399}: Spanning Tree", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "621--622", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Helsinki Univ. Technol., Otaniemi, Finland", keywords = "graph theory; subroutines; trees (mathematics)", } @Article{Wallick:1970:AAM, author = "G. C. Wallick", title = "{ACM Algorithm 400}: Modified {H{\aa}vie} Integration", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "622--624", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Piessens:1974:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Mobil Res. Dev. Corp., Dallas, TX, USA", keywords = "integration; subroutines", } @Article{Peto:1970:RAM, author = "R. Peto", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 347}: {An} Efficient Algorithm for Sorting with Minimal Storage [{M1}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "624", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue May 28 09:23:57 1996", note = "See \cite{Griffin:1970:RME,Singleton:1969:AAEa}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "digital computer sorting; minimal storage sorting; ranking; sorting", } @Article{Smith:1970:UIG, author = "L. B. Smith", title = "The use of interactive graphics to solve numerical problems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "10", pages = "625--634", month = oct, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland", keywords = "analysis; computer graphics; least squares approximations; numerical; online operation", } @Article{LaFata:1970:IDA, author = "P. LaFata and J. B. Rosen", title = "An interactive display for approximation by linear programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "651--659", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68.00 (90.00)", MRnumber = "42\#2712", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", abstract = "An interactive program with a graphical display has been developed for the approximation of data by means of a linear combination of functions (including splines) selected by the user. The coefficients of the approximation are determined by linear programming so as to minimize the error in either the $L_1$ or $L-\infty$ norm. Auxiliary conditions such as monotonicity or convexity of the approximation can also be imposed. This interactive system is described and several examples of its use are given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "approximation; data fitting; function approximation; functional approximation; interactive graphical display; linear programming; online operation; spline functions", } @Article{Lum:1970:MAR, author = "Vincent Y. Lum", title = "Multi-Attribute Retrieval with Combined Indexes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "660--665", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Lum70", URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Lum70.html", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Construction of combined indexes with formulas for number needed.", cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM13/P660.pdf", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA", keywords = "file organisation; information retrieval", oldlabel = "Lum70", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lum70", } @Article{Mifsud:1970:MDA, author = "C. J. Mifsud", title = "A multiple-precision division algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "666--668", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Mitre Corp., McLean, VA, USA", keywords = "digital arithmetic", } @Article{Conrow:1970:NPS, author = "K. Conrow and R. G. Smith", title = "{NEATER2}: {A PL/I} Source Statement Reformatter", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "669--675", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", abstract = "NEATER2 accepts a PL/I source program and operates on it to produce a reformatted version. When in the LOGICAL mode, NEATER2 indicates the logical structure of the source program in the indentation pattern of its output. Logic errors discovered through NEATER2 logical analysis are discovered much more economically than is possible through compilation and trial runs. A number of options are available to give the user full control over the output format and to maximize the utility of NEATER2 as an aid during the early stages of development of a PL/I source deck. One option, USAGE, causes NEATER2 to insert into each logical unit of coding a statement which will case the number of times each one is executed to be recorded during execution. This feature is expected to provide a major aid in optimization of PL/I programs.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS, USA", keywords = "documentation aid; execution time usage data; logical analysis of PL/I source; optimisation; PL/1; prettyprinter; program processors; reformatting of PL/I source", } @Article{Bell:1970:LQH, author = "James R. Bell and Charles H. Kaman", title = "The Linear Quotient Hash Code", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "675--677", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "Independent discovery of technique of secondary hash functions first proposed by \cite{deBalbine:1969:CAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA", keywords = "codes", } @Article{Cheney:1970:NLC, author = "C. J. Cheney", title = "A Nonrecursive List Compacting Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "677--678", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm13.html#Cheney70", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. Cambridge, UK", keywords = "data structures; list processing; storage management", oldlabel = "Cheney70", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cheney70", } @Article{Anonymous:1970:PANa, author = "Anonymous", title = "Proposed {American National Standard}. Recorded magnetic tape for information interchange (1600 {CPI}, phase encoded)", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "679--685", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5320C (Storage on moving magnetic media)", keywords = "magnetic recording; standards", } @Article{Anonymous:1970:PANb, author = "Anonymous", title = "Proposed {American National Standard}. Unrecorded magnetic tape for information interchange (9 track-200 and 800 {CPI}, {NRZI} and 1600 {CPI}, {P.E.})", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "686--692", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5320C (Storage on moving magnetic media)", keywords = "magnetic recording; standards", } @Article{Bratley:1970:AAI, author = "P. Bratley", title = "{ACM Algorithm 401}: An Improved Algorithm to Produce Complex Primes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "693--693", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Montreal, Que., Canada", keywords = "number theory; subroutines", } @Article{vanEmden:1970:AAI, author = "M. H. {van Emden}", title = "{ACM Algorithm 402}: Increasing the Efficiency of {Quicksort}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "693--694", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remark \cite{Wheeler:1973:IEQ}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Math. Centre, Amsterdam, Netherlands", keywords = "sorting; subroutines", } @Article{Wilson:1970:GMG, author = "W. J. Wilson", title = "A generalized method for generating argument\slash function values", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "696--697", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Univac Div. Sperry Rand, Huntsville, AL, USA", keywords = "decision tables; table lookup", } @Article{Ehrman:1970:CAC, author = "J. R. Ehrman", title = "Correction to 'logical' arithmetic on computers with two's complement binary arithmetic", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "697--698", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA, USA", keywords = "digital arithmetic", } @Article{Bernstein:1970:CWS, author = "A. Bernstein", title = "Comment on the working set model for program behavior", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "698--699", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "State Univ. New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA", keywords = "storage management", } @Article{Rokne:1970:CNP, author = "J. Rokne", title = "Condition numbers of {Pei} matrices", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "11", pages = "699--699", month = nov, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada", keywords = "matrix algebra", } @Article{Mathews:1970:GPC, author = "M. V. Mathews and F. R. Moore", title = "{GROOVE-A} program to compose, store, and edit functions of time", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "715--721", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7420 (Control engineering computing); C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "compose store, edit, time functions; computer music; computers; conductor program; control engineering applications of computers; digital control; GROOVE; hybrid; hybrid systems; interactive software; luminescence; man computer system; man-machine systems; periodic functions; real-time; real-time control; sampled data systems; systems", treatment = "P Practical", } @Article{Tiernan:1970:ESA, author = "James C. Tiernan", title = "An Efficient Search Algorithm to Find the Elementary Circuits of a Graph", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "722--726", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "94.30 (05.00)", MRnumber = "42\#7427", MRreviewer = "J. Mor{\'a}vek", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", abstract = "A theoretically most efficient search algorithm is presented which uses an exhaustive search to find all of the elementary circuits of a graph. The algorithm can be easily modified to find all of the elementary circuits with a particular attribute such as length. A rigorous proof of the algorithm is given as well as an example of its application. Empirical bounds are presented relating the speed of the algorithm to the number of vertices and the number of arcs. The speed is also related to the number of circuits in the graph to give a relation between speed and complexity. Extensions to undirected and s-graphs are discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Univ. California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; circuit search algorithm; elementary circuits; graph theory; path search; path search algorithm; searching", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Betourne:1970:PMR, author = "C. Betourne and J. Boulenger and J. Ferrie and C. Kaiser and S. Krakowiak and J. Mossiere", title = "Process management and resource sharing in the multiaccess system {ESOPE}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "727--733", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", keywords = "ESOPE; multi-access systems; multiprogramming; parallel processes; parallel processing; primitive operations; process scheduling; programs; resource allocation; system; time sharing system; time-sharing", treatment = "P Practical", } @Article{Morgan:1970:IBO, author = "H. L. Morgan", title = "An interrupt based organization for management information systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "734--739", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "data handling; integrated data processing; interrupt scheduling; management information systems; monitoring; parallel; parallel processing; processing; supervisory programs; supervisory systems; systems", } @Article{Thompson:1970:IRR, author = "R. J. Thompson", title = "Improving round-off in {Runge--Kutta} computations with {Gill}'s method", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "739--740", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Sandia Labs., Albuquerque, NM, USA", keywords = "differential equations; error analysis; methods; numerical mathematics; ordinary differential equations; predictor-corrector; round-off error; Runge--Kutta--Gill methods", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Shapiro:1970:LSG, author = "S. C. Shapiro", title = "The list set generator: a construct for evaluating set expressions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "741--744", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "construct; file; list processing; processing; programming; programming techniques; set generation; set manipulating", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Black:1970:OMM, author = "N. A. Black", title = "Optimum Merging from Mass Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "745--749", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Computer Sci. Corp., Huntsville, AL, USA", keywords = "access time; drum merging; magnetic storage systems; mass storage; merging; optimisation; optimum merging; sort timing; sorting", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Redish:1970:RAE, author = "K. A. Redish", title = "Remark on {Algorithm 385, Exponential Integral ${\rm Ei}(x)$}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "750--750", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Sat Oct 30 09:56:59 2010", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, note = "See \cite{Paciorek:1970:AEI,Frisch:1972:RAR}", citedby = "Fullerton:1980:BEM", remark = "Fullerton: Minor corrections to a FORTRAN routine.", } @Article{Stewart:1970:RAF, author = "G. W. Stewart", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 384}: Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Real Symmetric Matrix [{F2}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "750--750", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:40:01 1997", note = "See \cite{Stewart:1970:AAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "eigenvalues; eigenvectors; QR algorithm; real symmetric matrix", kwds = "nla, eig, QR algorithm, symmetric matrix", } @Article{Fuchs:1970:EDR, author = "E. A. Fuchs and P. E. Jackson", title = "Estimates of Distributions of Random Variables for Certain Computer Communications Traffic Models", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "752--757", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1970.bib", note = "Reproduced in Advances in Computer Commun., Chu, W. W., (Ed (1974), 2-7; in Computer Commun., Green, P. E., and Lucky, R. W. (Eds.), (1975), 577-582).", abstract = "A study of multiaccess computer communications has characterized the distributions underlying an elementary model of the user-computer interactive process. The model used is elementary in the sense that many of the random variables that generally are of interest in computer communications studies can be decomposed into the elements of this model. Data were examined from four operational multiaccess systems, and the model is shown to be robust; that is each of the variables of the model has the same distribution independent of which of the four systems is being examined. It is shown that the gamma distribution can be used to describe the discrete variables. Approximations to the gamma distribution by the exponential distribution are discussed for the systems studied.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA", descriptors = "Random Process; Computer Communication; Traffic Model; Distribution; Estimation;", keywords = "computation theory; computer communications; distribution of random variables; modelling; multi-access systems; multiaccess systems; operating systems; operating systems (computers); optimisation models; optimization models; time-sharing; time-sharing systems; user computer interactive processes", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Pinter:1970:DBF, author = "C. C. Pinter", title = "On decomposing a {Boolean} function and simplifying the components separately", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "758--758", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4230 (Switching theory)", corpsource = "Bucknell Univ., Lewisburg, PA, USA", keywords = "basic cells; Boolean functions; minimisation; minimisation of switching nets; of Boolean functions; prime implicants; simplification; vertices", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Raduchel:1970:EHB, author = "W. J. Raduchel", title = "Efficient handling of binary data", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "758--759", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "binary variables; bit strings; cross-; data handling; dummy variables; efficiency; programming; programming techniques; tabulations", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Wagner:1970:FAI, author = "Robert A. Wagner", title = "Finiteness Assumptions and Intellectual Isolation of Computer Scientists", journal = j-CACM, volume = "13", number = "12", pages = "759--760", month = dec, year = "1970", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "ALGOL versus FORTRAN; Algol vs. Fortran; finite; finite word size; finiteness assumptions; integer variable range; intellectual; intellectual isolation; isolation; memory finiteness; personnel; philosophical aspects; word size", } @Article{Lowry:1971:OCO, author = "E. Lowry and C. W. Medlock", title = "Object Code Optimization", journal = j-CACM, volume = "12", number = "1", pages = "13--22", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Dec 26 16:35:14 1995", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/opt.compiler.bib", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Galbi:1971:SPS, author = "Elmer W. Galbi", title = "Software and patents: a status report", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "??", pages = "274--278", year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Oct 22 14:07:06 MDT 1999", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Hammer:1971:SSC, author = "Carl Hammer", title = "Signature Simulation and Certain Cryptographic Codes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "3--14", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hammer71", abstract = "Three cyphers allegedly authored by Thomas Jefferson Beale in 1822 have been the subject of intensive study for over 100 years. Generations of cryptanalysts have expended untold man-years, thus far without success, attempting tode code them; vast armies of fortune hunters and treasure seekers have devoted Herculean labors to digging up the rolling hills of Virginia trying to locate the promised bonanza. \par The history of pertinent activities would fill volumes, yet serious students of cryptography have always had nagging doubts about the cyphers' authenticity. It has been alleged that the ``known solution'' to Cypher Number Two: 115, 73, 24, 818, 37, 52, 49, \ldots{} (``I have deposited in the County of Bedford about four miles from Buford's in an excavation or vault \ldots{}'') with the aid of an unsanitized version of the Declaration of Independence was merely a superb, imaginative, and grandiose hoax perpetrated ages ago for whatever reasons. Modern computer technology could obviously perform signature analyses the process of encoding itself so as to yield new clues and deeper insights into their construction. For the benefit of the uninitiated, the encoding method used in the second cypher employs a specified document whose words are simply numbered consecutively, and first letters of these words are sought out at random to match the letters of these words are sought out at random to match the letters of the clear text or message. \par The sequence of numbers corresponding to these matches is then written down as the final code. While primitive, the process has the advantage of relative security until the source document becomes known; at that moment the cypher can be decoded even by second graders. The work now completed with the help of our UNIVAC 1108 includes numerous analytical studies of the Beale cyphers and various types of simulations. \par For example, we have turned the entire process of simulated encoding by various schemes over to the machine and analyzed the signatures of these synthetic codes; we have also encoded various messages by hand, using different texts and a variety of methods to obtain their signatures. These simulations provide convincing evidence that the signatures are both process and data dependent; they indicate also very strongly that Mr. Beale's cyphers are for real and that it is merely a matter of time before someone finds the correct source document and locates the right vault in the common-wealth of Virginia.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6120B (Codes); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "Beale Cyphers codes; codes; computer applications; computer signature simulation; cryptanalysis; cyphers; Declaration of Independence; decoding; encoding; Magna Carta; numerical cryptographic codes; pseudotext; results analysis; signature; simulation; Thomas Jefferson Beale; treasure site identification", oldlabel = "Hammer71", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hammer71", } @Article{Klinger:1971:PWG, author = "Allen Klinger", title = "Pattern Width at a Given Angle", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "15--20", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Klinger71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "extent integral projections; feature extraction; figure properties; functions; geometrical concept; integral geometry; linear pattern measures; pattern recognition; picture processing; width; width at angle; word description", oldlabel = "Klinger71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Klinger71", } @Article{Chang:1971:RBP, author = "Shi-Kuo Chang", title = "The Reconstruction of Binary Patterns from Their Projections", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "21--25", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68.00", MRnumber = "44\#2379", MRreviewer = "G. D. Chakerian", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Chang71", abstract = "Given the horizontal and vertical projections of a finite binary pattern $f$, can we construct the original pattern $f$? In this paper we give a characterization of patterns that are reconstructible from their projection. Three algorithms are developed to reconstruct both unambiguous and ambiguous patterns. It is shown that an unambiguous pattern can be perfectly reconstructed in time $m \times n$ and that a pattern similar to an ambiguous pattern can also be constructed in time $m \times n$, where $m$, $n$ are the dimensions of the pattern frame.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "ATI; CACMA; computers, digital; data compression; finite binary pattern; image reconstruction; integral geometry; original pattern reconstruction; pattern frame dimensions; pattern recognition; pattern recognition systems; pattern reconstruction", oldlabel = "Chang71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chang71", } @Article{Bracchi:1971:LTG, author = "Giampio Bracchi and Domenico Ferrari", title = "Language for Treating Geometric Patterns in a Two-Dimensional Space", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "26--32", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BracchiF71", abstract = "In this paper CADEP, a problem-oriented language for positioning geometric patterns in a two-dimensional space, is presented. Although the language has been specifically designed for the automatic generation of integrated circuit masks, it turns out to be well suited also for such other placement problems as architecture design, urban planning, logical and block diagram representation.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Politecnico Milano, Italy", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "2-dimensional space; architecture design; automation; block diagrams; CACMA; CADEP; computers, digital; computers, digital, pattern re; Fortran; Fortran extension; generation; geometric patterns; graphic; graphic displays; integrated circuit masks; integrated circuits; language; languages; layout problems; logic diagrams representation; pattern recognition; pattern recognition systems; planning; positioning; problem oriented language; problem oriented languages; urban; urban planning", oldlabel = "BracchiF71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BracchiF71", } @Article{Broucke:1971:CRN, author = "R. A. Broucke", title = "Construction of Rational and Negative Powers of a Formal Series", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "32--35", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Brucke71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "binomial; Chebyshev approximation; Chebyshev series; construction; convergence; convergence of numerical methods; Fourier series; inversion; iterative methods; Newton iterations; Poisson's; rational negative power; root extraction; series; series expansion; theorem", oldlabel = "Brucke71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brucke71", xxauthor = "R. A. Brucke", } @Article{Holt:1971:CPS, author = "Richard C. Holt", title = "Comments on Prevention of System Deadlocks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "36--38", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Holt71", abstract = "A. N. Habermann's method of deadlock prevention is discussed, where deadlock is defined as a system state from which resource allocations to certain processes are not possible. It is shown that the scheduler may introduce `artificial' deadlocks which Habermann's method does not prevent. Permanent blocking is the situation where certain processes never receive their resource requests. It is shown that deadlock prevention does not necessarily eliminate permanent blocking. A method of preventing permanent blocking is given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ. Ithaca, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; computers, digital, operation; deadly embrace; Habermann's method; interlock; knotting; layout; multiprogramming; operating systems (computers); permanent blocking preventions; resource allocation; scheduling; storage allocation; system deadlock prevention; system recovery; time sharing", oldlabel = "Holt71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Holt71", } @Article{Hoare:1971:PPF, author = "C. A. R. Hoare", title = "Proof of a Program: {FIND}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "39--45", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:22 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/ml.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hoare71", abstract = "An informal description is given of the purpose of the program and the method used. A systematic technique is described for constructing and the program proof during the process of coding it, in such a way as to prevent the intrusion of logical errors. The proof of termination is treated as a separate exercise. Some, conclusions relating to general programming methodology are drawn.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Queen's Univ. Belfast, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "algorithm correctness; algorithm theory; CACMA; coding; computers, digital; computers, digital, programming; documentation; FIND; ITI; languages; logical errors intrusion; programming methodology; programming theory; programs proofs", oldlabel = "Hoare71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hoare71", } @Article{Proll:1971:FEA, author = "L. G. Proll", title = "Further evidence for the analysis of algorithms for the zero-one programming problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "46--47", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Proll71", abstract = "The purpose of this note is to report computational experience additional to that recently summarized R. L. Gue et al, with two algorithms for the zero-one linear programming problem. An error in Gue's paper is corrected. The utility of one of the algorithms as a suboptimizer is indicated.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Southampton, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "algorithm analysis; algorithm theory; CACMA; computational; ES,; experience; integer programming; linear programming; mathematics; operations research; suboptimisation; zero one variables", oldlabel = "Proll71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Proll71", } @Article{Coleman:1971:AAC, author = "M. W. Coleman and M. S. Taylor", title = "{ACM Algorithm 403}: Circular Integer Partitioning [{A1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "48--48", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#ColemanT71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, USA", keywords = "circular integer partitioning; combinations; design; experiments design; number theory; statistical; subroutines", oldlabel = "ColemanT71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ColemanT71", } @Article{Lucas:1971:AAC, author = "C. W. {Lucas, Jr.} and C. W. Terrill", title = "{ACM Algorithm 404}: Complex Gamma Function [{S14}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "48--49", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#LucasT71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Coll. William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; CGAMMA; complex gamma function evaluation; formula; function evaluation; poles of gamma function; recursion formula; reflection; Stirling's asymptotic series; subroutine in ALGOL; subroutines", oldlabel = "LucasT71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LucasT71", } @Article{Kolm:1971:MAL, author = "{\AA}. Kolm and T. Dahlstrand", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 333: Minit Algorithm For Linear Programming ([H])}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "50--50", year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:39 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib; ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1970.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#KolmD71", note = "See \cite{Gautschi:1964:AAI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "KolmD71", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KolmD71", } @Article{Redish:1971:ACL, author = "K. A. Redish", title = "Algorithms: Comment on {London}'s Certification of {Algorithm 245}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "50--51", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Redish71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "certification; debugging; in-place sorting; metatheory; proof of algorithms; sorting", oldlabel = "Redish71", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Redish71", } @Article{Pollack:1971:CCD, author = "S. L. Pollack", title = "Comment on the conversion of decision tables to computer programs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "52--52", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Pollack71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "S. D. Leidesdorf and Co., NY, USA", keywords = "aids; application; business; comments; communication; computer program; conversion; decision tables; diagnostic; systems analysis", oldlabel = "Pollack71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pollack71", } @Article{Aho:1971:POP, author = "A. V. Aho and P. J. Denning and J. D. Ullman", title = "Principles of optimal page replacement", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "1", pages = "80--93", month = jan, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/cache.bib", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Shwayder:1971:CLE, author = "Keith Shwayder", title = "Conversion of Limited-Entry Decision Tables to Computer Programs. a Proposed Modification to {Pollack}'s Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "69--73", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Shwayder71", abstract = "S. Pollack has proposed an algorithm for converting decision tables into flowcharts which minimize subsequent execution time when compiled into a computer program. Two modifications to this algorithm are proposed. The first relies on Shannon's noiseless coding theorem and the communications concept of entropy but does not completely test the ELSE Rule. The second modification completely tests the ELSE Rule but results in more executions than the first modification. Both modifications result in lower execution time than Pollack's algorithm. However, neither modification guarantees a globally optimal solution.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; communication channels; computer; computers, digital; conversion; decision tables; flow charting; flowcharting; information theory; modifications; Pollack's algorithm; programming; programs", oldlabel = "Shwayder71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shwayder71", } @Article{Bernstein:1971:PDS, author = "Arthur J. Bernstein and J. C. Sharp", title = "A Policy-Driven Scheduler for a Time-Sharing System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "74--78", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BernsteinS71", abstract = "A scheduling and swapping algorithm which keeps the resource count of each process above its policy function will provide the specified level of service. Overhead can be reduced by avoiding swaps of processes which have received at least this level of service. The algorithm has been implemented in a general purpose operating system, and it has provided significantly better service to interactive and to batch jobs than the previous scheduler.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "General Electric, Schenectady, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computation theory; computers, digital; computers, digital, operating; operating; operating systems (computers); policy driven; scheduler; scheduling algorithm; supervisory and executive programs; supervisory programs; systems; time sharing; time sharing systems; time-sharing systems", oldlabel = "BernsteinS71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BernsteinS71", } @Article{Nielsen:1971:AST, author = "Norman R. Nielsen", title = "An Analysis of Some Time-Sharing Techniques", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "79--90", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Nielsen71", abstract = "The effectiveness of certain time-sharing techniques such as program relocation, disk rotational delay minimization, and swap volume minimization is investigated. Summary data is presented, and the findings are discussed. The vehicle for this investigation was a SI-MULA based simulation model reflecting an early framework for a planned Burroughs B6500 time-sharing system. Inasmuch as the B6500 system is based upon the use of variable sized segments and a dynamic overlay procedure, data is also presented which provides some indication of the effectiveness of this type of organization in a time-sharing environment. The design characteristics and operational capabilities of the simulation model are also described.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; capabilities; computers, digital; computers, digital, operating; design characteristics; disk rotational delay; minimization; operating systems; operating systems (computers); operational; program relocation; simulation; simulation model; swap volume minimization; systems analysis; techniques; time sharing; time sharing systems; time-sharing systems", oldlabel = "Nielsen71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nielsen71", } @Article{Slagle:1971:EAL, author = "James R. Slagle and Carl D. Farrell", title = "Experiments in Automatic Learning for a Multipurpose Heuristic Program", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "91--99", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#SlagleF71", abstract = "An automatic learning capability has been developed and implemented for use with the MULTIPLE (MULTIpurpose Program that LEarns) heuristic tree-searching program, which is presently being applied to resolution theorem-proving in predicate calculus. MULTIPLE's proving program (PP) uses two evaluation functions to guide its search for a proof of whether or not a particular goal is achievable. Thirteen general features of predicate calculus clauses were created for use in the automatic learning of better evaluation functions for PP. A multiple regression program was used to produce optimal coefficients for linear polynomial functions in terms of the features.\par Also, automatic data-handling routines were written for passing data between the learning program and the proving program, and for analyzing and summarizing results. Data was generally collected for learning (regression analysis) from the experience of PP. A number of experiments were performed to test the effectiveness and generality of the learning program. Results showed that the learning produced dramatic improvements in the solutions to problems which were in the same domain as those used for collection learning data. Learning was also shown to generalize successfully to domains other than those used for data collection. Another experiment demonstrated that the learning program could simultaneously improve performance on problems in a specific domain and on problems in a variety of domains. Some variations of the learning program were also tested.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)", corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA", keywords = "adaptive; artificial intelligence; automatic learning; computer aided instruction; computer aided learning; education; experimental development; heuristic; heuristic programming; heuristic tree searching program; learning; learning systems; LISP; multiple regression; multipurpose heuristic program; problem-solving; resolution; self-modifying; system; theorem-providing; tree-searching; trees; trees (mathematics)", oldlabel = "SlagleF71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SlagleF71", } @Article{Hurwitz:1971:PDV, author = "H. {Hurwitz, Jr.}", title = "On the Probability Distribution of the Values of Binary Trees", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "99--102", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hurwitz71", abstract = "\ldots{}unction for binary tree values, the values reflecting sorting effort. The analysis does not assume uniformly distributed branching ratios, and therefore is applicable to a family of sorting algorithms discussed by Hoare, Singleton, and van Emden. \par The solution to the integral equation indicates that using more advanced algorithms in the family makes only minor reductions in the expected sorting effort, but substantially reduces the variance in sorting effort. Statistical tests of the values of several thousand trees containing up to 10,000 points have given first, second, and third moments of the value distribution function in satisfactory agreement with the moments computed from the generating function. The empirical tests, as well as the analytical results, are in agreement with previously published results for the first moment in the cases of uniform and nonuniform distribution of branching ratio, and for the second moment in the case of uniform distribution of branching ratio.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "General Electric, Schenectady, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "binary tree; binary trees; CACMA; generation; integral equation: function; integral equations; N T; probability distribution; sorting; statistical analysis; statistical tests; statistics; trees; trees (mathematics); values", oldlabel = "Hurwitz71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hurwitz71", } @Article{Slagle:1971:AGT, author = "James R. Slagle and Richard C. T. Lee", title = "Application of Game Tree Searching Techniques to Sequential Pattern Recognition", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "103--110", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#SlagleL71", abstract = "A sequential pattern recognition (SPR) procedure does not test all the features of a pattern at once. Instead, it selects a feature to be tested. After receiving the result of that test, the procedure either classifies the unknown pattern or selects another feature to be tested, etc. Medical diagnosis is an example of SPR. In this paper the authors suggest that SPR be viewed as a one-person game played against nature (chance). Virtually all the powerful techniques developed for searching two-person, strictly competitive game trees can easily be incorporated either directly or by analogy into SPR procedures. \par In particular, one can incorporate the ``mini average backing-up procedure'' and the ``gamma procedure,'' which are the analogues of the ``minimax backing-up procedure'' and the ``alpha-beta procedure,'' respectively. \par Some computer simulated experiments in character recognition are presented. The results indicate that the approach is promising.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "Nat. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "bioengineering, computer applications; branch-and-bound approach; CACMA; CAL; computers, digital, character; dynamic programming; game against nature; game theory; game theory application; game tree searching; gamma procedure; mini average backing-up procedure; optimal solution; pattern; pattern recognition; pattern recognition systems; recognition; sequential pattern recognition; techniques; trees; trees (mathematics)", oldlabel = "SlagleL71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SlagleL71", } @Article{Rokne:1971:CIA, author = "J. Rokne and P. Lancaster", title = "Complex Interval Arithmetic", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "111--112", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:53 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#RokneL71", abstract = "Complex interval arithmetic is defined using real interval arithmetic. Complex interval division is defined so as to assure smallest possible resulting intervals.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "complex interval arithmetic; complex intervals; digital arithmetic; mathematics; numerical mathematics; numerical methods; on; real interval arithmetic; real intervals", oldlabel = "RokneL71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RokneL71", } @Article{Dell:1971:AAR, author = "Alice M. Dell and Roman L. Weil and Gerald L. Thompson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 405}: Roots of Matrix Pencils: The Generalized Eigenvalue Problem [{F2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "2", pages = "113--117", month = feb, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:59 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#DellWT71", note = "See remark \cite{Heiberger:1972:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", keywords = "algebra; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; generalised eigenvalue; linear; matrix algebra; problem; roots of matrix pencils; subroutines", oldlabel = "DellWT71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DellWT71", } @Article{Noll:1971:SDC, author = "A. Michael Noll", title = "Scanned-Display Computer Graphics", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "143--150", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Noll71", abstract = "A television-like scanned-display system has been successfully implemented on a Honeywell DDP-224 computer installation. The scanned image is stored in the core memory of the computer, and software scan conversion is used to convert the rectangular coordinates of a point to the appropriate work and bit in an output display array in core storage. Results thus far indicate that flicker-free displays of large amounts of data are possible with reasonably fast graphical interaction. A scanned image of size 240x254 points is displayed at a 30 frame-per-second rate.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B7260 (Display technology and systems); C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computer; computer graphics; computers, digital; core memory; display systems; ed.; graphical interaction; installation; raster displays; scan conversion; scanned image; software; stored; television like scanned display", oldlabel = "Noll71", treatment = "A Application; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Noll71", } @Article{Manna:1971:TAP, author = "Zohar Manna and Richard J. Waldinger", title = "Toward Automatic Program Synthesis", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "151--165", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#MannaW71", abstract = "An elementary outline of the theorem-proving approach to automatic program synthesis is given, without dwelling on technical details. The method is illustrated by the automatic construction of both recursive and iterative programs operating on natural numbers,lists, and trees, In order to construct a program satisfying certain specifications a theorem induced by those specifications is proved, and the desired program is extracted from the proof. The same technique is applied to transform recursively defined functions into iterative programs, frequently with a major gain inefficiency. It is emphasized that in order to construct a program with loops or with recursion, the principle of mathematical induction must be applied. The relation between the version of the induction rule used and the form of the program constructed is explored in some detail.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "answer extraction; artificial; artificial intelligence; automata theory; automatic program synthesis; CACMA; computer metatheory; computers, languages; computers, programming; intelligence; lists; mathematical induction; mathematical induction principle; natural numbers; principle; problem solving; programs; recursive and iterative; theorem proving; trees", oldlabel = "MannaW71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MannaW71", } @Article{Winters:1971:SAC, author = "William K. Winters", title = "Scheduling Algorithm for a Computer Assisted Registration System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "166--171", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Winters71", abstract = "This paper presents the scheduling algorithm used in the Computer Assisted Registration System at the University of Tennessee. Notation is defined and the logic of the algorithm necessary to implement educational policy is described. Results from the first term's implementation are presented.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7110 (Educational administration)", corpsource = "Univ. Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "administrative data processing; CACMA; computer assisted registration system; data processing; educational administrative data processing; educational policy; implementation; logic; scheduling algorithm; timetable", oldlabel = "Winters71", treatment = "A Application; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Winters71", } @Article{Williams:1971:SUM, author = "John G. Williams", title = "Storage Utilization in a Memory Hierarchy When Storage Assignment is Performed by a Hashing Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "172--175", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Williams71", abstract = "The utilization of storage is studied in a two-level memory hierarchy. The first storage level, which is the fast store, is divided into a number of storage areas. When an entry is to be filed in the hierarchy, a hashing algorithm will attempt to place the entry into one of these areas. If this particular area is full, then the entry will be placed into the slower second-level store, even though other areas in the first-level store may have space available. Given that N entries have been filed in the entire hierarchy, an expression is derived for the expected number of entries filed in the first-level store. This expression gives a measure of how effectively the first-level store is being used. By means of examples, storage utilization is then studied as a function of the hashing algorithm, the number of storage areas into which the first-level store is divided and the total size of the first-level store.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "RCA Labs., Princeton, NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; hashing algorithm; hierarchical systems; memory allocation; memory hierarchy; storage allocation; storage assignment; storage units; storage utilization", oldlabel = "Williams71", treatment = "A Application; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williams71", } @Article{Gear:1971:AIO, author = "C. William Gear", title = "The Automatic Integration of Ordinary Differential Equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "176--179", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65L05", MRnumber = "52 9612", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:27 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gear71", abstract = "A criterion for the selection of the order of approximation is proposed. The objective of the criterion is to increase the step size so as to reduce solution time. An option permits the solution of `stiff' differential equations. A program embodying the techniques discussed appears as an algorithm which is specified.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automatic; boundary value problems; boundary-value problems; CACMA; differential equations; initial value; integration; mathematics; numerical methods; order control; order of approximation; ordinary differential equations; problem; selection; step control; stiff equations", oldlabel = "Gear71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gear71", } @Article{Howell:1971:AAE, author = "Jo Ann Howell", title = "{ACM Algorithm 406}: Exact Solution of Linear Equations Using Residue Arithmetic [{F4}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "180--184", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Howell71", note = "See remark \cite{Howell:1973:RAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "adjoint matrix; determinant; Gaussian elimination; ill condition; inversion; linear equations; matrix; matrix algebra; modulus; prime number; residue arithmetic; subroutine; subroutines; symmetric mixed radix representation; symmetric residue", oldlabel = "Howell71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Howell71", } @Article{Gear:1971:AAD, author = "C. William Gear", title = "{ACM Algorithm 407}: {DIFSUB} for Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations [{D2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "3", pages = "185--190", month = mar, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gear71a", note = "See certification \cite{Nikolai:1973:CAD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA", keywords = "control; differential equations; DIFSUB; estimated error; method; multistep predictor corrector; ordinary differential equations; stiff differential equations; subroutine; subroutines", oldlabel = "Gear71a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gear71a", } @Article{Wirth:1971:PDS, author = "Niklaus Wirth", title = "Program Development by Stepwise Refinement", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "4", pages = "221--227", month = apr, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/conc.scientific.computing.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Wirth71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Eidgenossische Tech. Hochschule, Zurich, Switzerland", keywords = "development; education; programming; programming techniques; refinement; stepwise", oldlabel = "Wirth71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wirth71", } @Article{Lum:1971:KAT, author = "Vincent Y. Lum and P. S. T. Yuen and M. Dodd", title = "Key-to-Address Transform Techniques: {A} Fundamental Performance Study on Large Existing Formatted Files", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "4", pages = "228--239", month = apr, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:18 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/hash.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#LumYD71", note = "Survey of several hash functions, with performance results.", abstract = "The results of a study of eight different keyto-address transformation methods applied to a set of existing files are presented. As each method is applied to a particular file, load factor and bucket size are varied over a wide range. Appropriate variables pertinent only to a specific method take on different values. The performance of each method is summarized in terms of the number of accesses required to get to a record and the number of overflow records created by a transformation. Peculiarities of each method are discussed. Practical guidelines obtained from the results are stated. A proposal for further quantitative fundamental study is outlined.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Measurement of direct access methods", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; computers, digital codes; file management; file organisation; file organization; formatted files; has codes; information retrieval; information storage and retrie; key to address transform; random access storage; techniques", oldlabel = "LumYD71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LumYD71", } @Article{Tucker:1971:DMP, author = "Allen B. Tucker and Michael J. Flynn", title = "Dynamic Microprogramming. Processor Organization and Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "4", pages = "240--250", month = apr, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#TuckerF71", abstract = "A microassembly language is developed and the overhead involved in subroutine linkages is analyzed. The efficiency of a flexible software linkage scheme is examined as to its overhead for various subroutine characteristics. Three examples of problem-oriented programming are considered and the resulting coding is compared against a System/360 assembly language version, with the technology normalized.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computers, digital; dynamically microprogrammed processor; microassembly language; microprogramming; microstorage; problem oriented programming; problem-oriented languages; program processors; read write; subroutine linkage", oldlabel = "TuckerF71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/TuckerF71", } @Article{Talbot:1971:ALT, author = "Peggy Anne Talbot and John W. {Carr III} and Richard R. {Coulter, Jr.} and Rosa C. Hwang", title = "Animator: An On-Line Two-dimensional Film Animation System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "4", pages = "251--259", month = apr, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#TalbotCCH71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)", corpsource = "Univ. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA", keywords = "computer animation; computer graphics; dimensional languages; microfilm recorder; on line system; online operation; programming languages; two", oldlabel = "TalbotCCH71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/TalbotCCH71", } @Article{Stein:1971:CD, author = "Marvin L. Stein and William D. Munro", title = "On Complement Division", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "4", pages = "260--264", month = apr, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#SteinM71", abstract = "The division algorithm theorem is expressed in a form that permits it to serve as the basis for devising division operations that produce both quotient and remainder in complement form. Algorithms for division yielding complement results are derived for numbers represented in any base greater than one. Both radix and radix-less-one complementation schemes are considered. The binary form of the algorithms thus includes both two's and one's complement implementation. The problem of quotient overflow for complement results is dealt with as is that of selecting an appropriate form of the remainder condition for complement division.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "algorithmic languages; CACMA; complement; digital arithmetic; division; division algorithm; mathematics; radix complementation schemes", oldlabel = "SteinM71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SteinM71", } @Article{McNamee:1971:AAS, author = "J. M. McNamee", title = "{ACM Algorithm 408}: {A} Sparse Matrix Package (Part {I})", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "4", pages = "265--273", month = apr, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", note = "See remarks \cite{Sale:1973:SMP,Lawrence:1973:RAS,Sipala:1977:RAS,Gustavson:1978:RAS,Harms:1980:RSM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7410B (Power engineering computing)", corpsource = "York Univ., Downsview, Ont., Canada", keywords = "algebra; electrical engineering applications of computers; electrical network problems; Fortran subroutines; matrix; sparse matrix manipulation; subroutines; tests", treatment = "P Practical", } @Article{Olle:1971:IFA, author = "T. William {Olle (Chairman)} and {Codasyl Systems Committee}", title = "Introduction to ``Feature Analysis of Generalized Data Base Management Systems''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "308--318", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#CODASYL71", abstract = "This introduction gives a review of the current state of the art in the systems and discusses the differences and similarities between capabilities found in host language systems and those found in self-contained systems. Technical problems facing future designers are described. The use of Cobol as a basis for further development work is considered at some length with respect to data structures, host language capabilities, and self-contained capabilities.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "data structures; feature analysis; generalised data base management systems; information; programming languages; retrieval; standards; storage management; transaction processing", oldlabel = "CODASYL71", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CODASYL71", } @Article{Nielsen:1971:MRC, author = "Norman R. Nielsen", title = "The Merit of Regional Computing Networks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "319--326", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:24 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Nielsen71a", abstract = "One of the suggested means for stimulating the spread of computing capabilities in institutions of higher learning is through the construction of regional computing networks. One such network has been constructed in the San Francisco Bay Area of Stanford University. This paper reports upon the lessons learned from the operation of that network over the past 2 yr.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C5600 (Data communication equipment and techniques); C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; computer aided instruction; computer applications; computer sharing; computer utility; computers, digital, data proce; computing; cooperative networks; curriculum development; digital communication systems; education; educational computing; engineering education; R C; remote", oldlabel = "Nielsen71a", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nielsen71a", } @Article{Krolak:1971:MMA, author = "Patrick Krolak and Wayne Felts and George Marble", title = "A Man-Machine Approach Toward Solving the Traveling Salesman Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "327--334", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#KrolakFM71", abstract = "This paper describes a computer aided heuristic technique which uses only a modest amount of computer time in real-time to solve large (100 to 200) point problems. This technique takes advantage of both the computer's and the human's problem-solving abilities. The computer is not asked to solve the problem in a brute force way as in many of today's heuristics, but it is asked to organize the data for the human so that the human can solve the problem easily. The technique used in this paper seems to point to new directions in the field of man-machine interaction and in the field of artificial intelligence.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C1270 (Man-machine systems)", corpsource = "Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "artificial intelligence; assignment; CACMA; computer aided heuristic techniques; computer applications; cybernetics; heuristic procedure; heuristic programming; interaction process; man machine interaction; man-machine systems; operations research; optimisation; problem; production planning and control; rubber band tour generator; travelling salesman problem", oldlabel = "KrolakFM71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KrolakFM71", } @Article{Montanari:1971:ODC, author = "Ugo Montanari", title = "On the Optimal Detection of Curves in Noisy Pictures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "335--345", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Reverse.eng.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Montanari71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "Istituto Elaborazione Informazione, Pisa, Italy", keywords = "curve; description; dynamic programming; edge; global recognition; heuristic; heuristic programming; interaction graph; line; methods; noise; optimal detection; optimisation; optimisation problem; parallel processing; pattern recognition; picture; picture processing; picture recognition; secondary", oldlabel = "Montanari71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Montanari71", } @Article{Richards:1971:HKA, author = "Donald L. Richards", title = "How To Keep the Addresses Short", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "346--349", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/Compiler.Lins.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Richards71", abstract = "This paper demonstrates that a wide class of problems can be formulated as covering problems solvable by means of elementary arithmetic operations on the column vectors of a ternary matrix.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Leasco Systems Corp., Tustin, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "addressing; assembler; CACMA; compilers; computers, digital; covering problem; data handling; integer; integer programming; minimisation; program; program assemblers; programming; variable length addressing", oldlabel = "Richards71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Richards71", } @Article{Fenichel:1971:ILV, author = "Robert R. Fenichel", title = "On Implementation of Label Variables", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "349--350", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:18 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fenichel71", abstract = "Variables of label mode are conventionally implemented with a technique which fails to trap certain programming errors. Fine-grained calender clocks have recently become available; these allow implementation of label variables via a new technique which traps all programming errors of this variety.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACMA; compiler; computers, digital; DS; fine grained calendar clocks; go; interpreter; label variables implementation; program compilers; program debugging; to; transfer", oldlabel = "Fenichel71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fenichel71", } @Article{Morris:1971:ARI, author = "James H. {Morris, Jr.}", title = "Another Recursion Induction Principle", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "351--354", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "02F25 (94A25)", MRnumber = "45 57", MRreviewer = "H. R. Strong", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Morris71", abstract = "An inductive method for proving things about recursively defined functions is described. It is shown to be useful for proving partial functions equivalent and thus applicable in proofs about interpreters for programming languages.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automata theory; CACMA; compiler correctness; compiler correctness proofs; computational linguistics; computers, digital, languages; computers, digital, programming; correctness; induction; interpreters; proofs; proving; recursion; recursion induction principle; recursive functions; theorem", oldlabel = "Morris71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris71", } @Article{Schmitt:1971:AAD, author = "H. Schmitt", title = "{ACM Algorithm 409}: Discrete {Chebychev} Curve Fit [{E2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "355--356", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Schmitt71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Tech. Hochschule, Darmstadt, West Germany", keywords = "ALGOL procedure; algorithm; Chebyshev approximation; discrete Chebychev curve fit; exchange; Remez algorithm; subroutines", oldlabel = "Schmitt71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schmitt71", } @Article{Chambers:1971:AAP, author = "J. M. Chambers", title = "{ACM Algorithm 410}: Partial Sorting [{M1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "5", pages = "357--358", month = may, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Chambers71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "FORTRAN routine; order statistics; partial sorting; partial sorting order statistics; sorting; subroutines", oldlabel = "Chambers71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chambers71", } @Article{Harada:1971:GRP, author = "Kazuaki Harada", title = "Generation of rosary permutations expressed in {Hamiltonian} circuits", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "373--379", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "90.30 (05.00)", MRnumber = "44\#3675", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Harada71", abstract = "Systematic generation of a specific class of permutations fundamental to scheduling problems is described. In a nonoriented complete graph with n vertices, Hamiltonian circuits equivalent to $.5(n - 1)!$ specific permutations of $n$ elements, termed rosary permutations, can be defined. Each of them corresponds to two circular permutations which mirror-image each other, and is generated successively by a number system covering $3*4*\ldots*(n-1)$ sets of edges. Every set of edges $\{E[k]\}, 1 <= E[k] <= k, 3 <= k <= (n-1)$ is determined recursively by constructing a Hamiltonian circuit with $k$ vertices from a Hamiltonian circuit with $k-1$ vertices, starting with the Hamiltonian circuit of 3 vertices. The basic operation consists of transposition of a pair of adjacent vertices where the position of the pair in the permutation is determined by $\{E[k]\}$. Two algorithms treating the same example for five vertices are presented. It is very easy to derive all possible n! permutations from the $.5(n - 1 )!$ rosary permutations be cycling the permutations and by taking them in the reverse order-procedures which can be performed fairly efficiently by computer.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA", keywords = "circuits; combinatorial algebra; graph theory; Hamiltonian; nonoriented complete graph; permutation; rosary permutations generation; scheduling", oldlabel = "Harada71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Harada71", } @Article{Foley:1971:AOD, author = "James D. Foley", title = "An approach to the optimum design of computer graphics systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "380--390", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Foley71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA", keywords = "average response time prediction; computer graphics; computer graphics systems; computer metatheory; mathematical; model; optimisation; optimum design", oldlabel = "Foley71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Foley71", } @Article{Amarel:1971:CSC, author = "Saul Amarel", title = "Computer Science: {A} Conceptual Framework for Curriculum Planning", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "391--401", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Amarel71", abstract = "Two views of computer science are considered: a global view which attempts to capture broad characteristics of the field and its relationships to other fields, and a local view which focuses on the inner structure of the field. This structure is presented in terms of the kinds of knowledge, problems, and activities that exist within the discipline, as well as the relations between them. An approach to curriculum planning in computer science is presented which is guided by the structure of the field, by the fact that change is an important feature of the situation, and by the expectation that computer science will continue to increase its working contacts with other disciplines.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ, USA", keywords = "computer science; curriculum planning; education", oldlabel = "Amarel71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Amarel71", } @Article{Bosarge:1971:NPR, author = "W. E. {Bosarge, Jr.} and O. G. Johnson", title = "Numerical properties of the {Ritz--Trefftz} algorithm for optimal control", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "402--406", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.30", MRnumber = "44\#7714", MRreviewer = "A. Pasquali", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BosargeJ71", abstract = "In this paper the Ritz--Trefftz algorithm is applied to the computer solution of the state regulator problem. The algorithm represents a modification of the Ritz direct method and is designed to improve the speed of solution and the storage requirements to the point where real-time implementation becomes feasible. The modification is shown to be more stable computationally than the traditional Ritz approach. \par The first concern of the paper is to describe the algorithm and establish its properties as a valid and useful numerical technique. In particular such useful properties as definiteness and reasonableness of condition are established for the method. The second part of the paper is devoted to a comparison of the new techniques with the standard procedure of numerically integrating a matrix Riccati equation to determine a feedback matrix. The new technique is shown to be significantly faster for comparable accuracy.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1330 (Optimal control); C4190 (Other numerical methods)", corpsource = "IBM Sci. Center, Houston, TX, USA", keywords = "control theory; equation; feedback matrix; matrix Riccati; numerical; numerical analysis; numerical integration; numerical methods; optimal control; properties; regulator problem; Ritz Trefftz algorithm; splines; state regulator problem", oldlabel = "BosargeJ71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BosargeJ71", } @Article{Gladwin:1971:NCF, author = "H. Tim Gladwin", title = "A Note on Compiling Fixed Point Binary Multiplications", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "407--408", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Glaswin71", abstract = "An algorithm is developed for compiling, as a sequence of shifts, additions,and subtractions, many fixed point binary multiplications involving a constant. The most significant characteristics of the algorithm are the simplicity of the test which determines if the algorithm should be applied and the degree to which it ``suggests'' efficient object code.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Univ. Washington, Seattle, WA, USA", keywords = "additions; compiling fixed point binary multiplications; compiling multiplications; digital arithmetic; fixed point arithmetic; program compilers; shifts; subtractions", oldlabel = "Glaswin71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Glaswin71", xxauthor = "H. Tim Glaswin", } @Article{Fraser:1971:MNP, author = "A. G. Fraser", title = "On the Meaning of Names in Programming Systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "409--416", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Functional.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fraser71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "computational linguistics; context manipulation; data names; file; functional; lambda calculus; names; operating system; operating systems (computers); programming; programming systems; programming theory; theory", oldlabel = "Fraser71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fraser71", } @Article{Walker:1971:BS, author = "R. J. Walker", title = "Binary Summation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "417--417", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Walker71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "binary summation; digital arithmetic; floating point; roundoff errors; space; storage", oldlabel = "Walker71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Walker71", } @Article{Zelkowitz:1971:IDP, author = "Marvin V. Zelkowitz", title = "Interrupt Driven Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "6", pages = "417--418", month = jun, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:37 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Zelkowitz71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "associative; control; debugging; interrupt drive programming; memories; microprogramming; parallel processing; program execution", oldlabel = "Zelkowitz71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Zelkowitz71", } @Article{McKenney:1971:SCO, author = "J. L. McKenney and Fred M. Tonge", title = "The State of Computer-Oriented Curricula in Business Schools 1970", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "443--448", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#McKenneyT71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "business schools; computer curricula; education; reviews", oldlabel = "McKenneyT71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McKenneyT71", } @Article{Bernstein:1971:PTP, author = "Arthur J. Bernstein", title = "A Programmer Training Project", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "449--452", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:25:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Bernstein71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "General Electric Res. and Dev. Center, Schenectady, NY, USA", keywords = "black; course organisation; curriculum; jobs; programmer training project; programming; residents; training", oldlabel = "Bernstein71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bernstein71", } @Article{DeRemer:1971:SLK, author = "Franklin L. DeRemer", title = "Simple {LR(k)} Grammars", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "453--460", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A30", MRnumber = "47 9893", MRreviewer = "J. E. L. Peck", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#DeRemer71", abstract = "A class of context-free grammars, called the ``Simple LR(k)'' or SLR(k) grammars is defined.\par This class has been shown to include weak precedence and simple precedence grammars as proper subsets. \par How to construct parsers for the SLR(k) grammars is also shown. These parser-construction techniques are extendible to cover all of the LR(k) grammars of Knuth; they have been implemented and by direct comparison proved to be superior to precedence techniques, not only in the range of grammars covered, but also in the speed of parser construction and in the size and speed of the resulting parsers.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA", keywords = "context free grammars; context-free grammar; context-free grammars; deterministic pushdown automaton; finite-state machine; grammars; LR(k) grammar; parser; parser construction; parsing algorithm; precedence; precedence grammar; simple LR(K) grammars; syntactic analysis", oldlabel = "DeRemer71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DeRemer71", } @Article{Pratt:1971:LEG, author = "Terrence W. Pratt and Daniel P. Friedman", title = "A Language Extension for Graph Processing, and Its Formal Semantics", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "460--467", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A30", MRnumber = "46 6657", MRreviewer = "A. D. Booth", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:13:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/lisp.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#PrattF71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "data structure; directed graph; flowchart; formal semantics; graph processing; Graspe; language extension; Lisp; problem oriented languages; syntax", oldlabel = "PrattF71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PrattF71", } @Article{Paton:1971:ABC, author = "Keith Paton", title = "An algorithm for the blocks and cut nodes of a graph", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "468--475", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "05-04", MRnumber = "46 5135", MRreviewer = "E. M. Reingold", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Paton71", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Paton:1971:CAB}.", abstract = "An efficient method is presented for finding blocks and cutnodes of an arbitrary undirected graph. The graph may be represented either (i) as an ordered list of edges or (ii) as a packed adjacency matrix. If $w$ denotes the word length of the machine employed, the storage (in machine words) required for a graph with $n$ nodes and $m$ edges increases essentially as $2(m+n)$ in case (i), or $(n^2)/w$ in case (ii). A spanning tree with labeled edges is grown, two edges finally bearing different labels if and only if they belong to different blocks. For both representations the time required to analyze a graph on $n$ nodes increases as $n^G$ where $G$ depends on the type of graph, $1 <= G <= 2$, and both bounds are attained. \par Values of G are derived for each of several suitable families of test graphs, generated by an extension of the web grammar approach. The algorithm is compared in detail with that proposed by Read for which 1 <= G <= 3.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Medical Res. Council, London, UK", keywords = "algorithm; block; block-cutpoint-tree; blocks; cut nodes; cutnode; fundamental cycle set; graph; graph theory; labelled edges; lobe; lobe decomposition; lobe decomposition graph; ordered list of edges; packed adjacency matrix; separable; spanning tree; undirected; web grammar", oldlabel = "Paton71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Paton71", } @Article{Ferguson:1971:BAM, author = "David E. Ferguson", title = "Buffer Allocation in Merge-Sorting", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "476--478", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Ferguson71", abstract = "A fixed buffer allocation for merge-sorting is presented here which minimizes the number of input-output operations for a given order of merge. \par When sorting on movable arm disks, the number of seeks is equal to the number of input-output operations, and the seek time usually controls the sort time. First some standard terminology is introduced. Then the input buffer allocation method is described, followed by an analysis of the improvement to be expected over more conventional allocation. This analysis makes use of a particular distribution function. An analysis of a completely different distribution is given which yields similar results. This suggests that the results do not depend on a particular distribution function. An optimum output buffer size is also determined. It is concluded that this buffering allocation can significantly reduce the time of merge sorting on movable arm disks when the input data are not random, and that this output buffer allocation should be used whether the data is random or not.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Programmatics Inc., Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "file; fixed buffer allocation; gamma distribution function; input output operations; item; merge sort; movable arm disks; optimum; output buffer size; seek time; sorting; storage allocation; string", oldlabel = "Ferguson71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ferguson71", } @Article{Ramamoorthy:1971:SOE, author = "C. V. Ramamoorthy and M. J. Gonzalez", title = "Subexpression ordering in the execution of arithmetic expressions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "479--485", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A20", MRnumber = "46 6650", MRreviewer = "A. D. Booth", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:53 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#RamamoorthyG71", abstract = "An arithmetic expression can often be broken down into its component subexpressions. Depending on the hardware environment in which the expression is to be executed, these subexpressions can be evaluated in serials, in parallel, or in a combination of these modes. This paper shows that expression execution time can be minimized only if consideration is given to the ordering of the subexpressions. In particular, subexpressions should be executed in order of decreasing memory and processor time requirements. This observation is valid for configurations ranging from a uniprocessor with an unbuffered main memory to multiprocessor with a ``cache'' buffer memory. If the number of subexpressions which can be executed in parallel exceeds the number of available processors, then execution of some of these subexpressions must be postponed. A procedure is given which combines this requirement with the earlier ordering considerations to provide an optimal execution sequence.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "arithmetic expression; arithmetic expressions; cache; compilers; computational trees; data handling; digital arithmetic; execution time; parallel processing; subexpression ordering", oldlabel = "RamamoorthyG71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RamamoorthyG71", } @Article{McVitie:1971:SMP, author = "D. G. McVitie and L. B. Wilson", title = "The Stable Marriage Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "486--490", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "90B99 (68A10)", MRnumber = "46 6808", MRreviewer = "R. B. Potts", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#McVitieW71", abstract = "The original work of Gale and Shapley on an assignment method using the stable marriage criterion has been extended to find all the stable marriage assignments.\par The algorithm derived for finding all the stable marriage assignments is proved to satisfy all the conditions of the problem. Algorithm 411 applies to this paper.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK", keywords = "assignment; assignment problems; assignment procedures; combinatorial mathematics; combinatorics; discrete mathematics; operational research; operations research; stable marriage problem; university entrance", oldlabel = "McVitieW71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McVitieW71", } @Article{McVitie:1971:AAT, author = "D. G. McVitie and L. B. Wilson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 411}: Three Procedures for the Stable Marriage Problem [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "491--492", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#McVitieW71a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK", keywords = "ALGOL procedures; assignment; combinatorial mathematics; operations research; stable marriage problem; subroutines", oldlabel = "McVitieW71a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McVitieW71a", } @Article{Cermak:1971:AAG, author = "J. {\v{C}}erm{\'{a}}k", title = "{ACM Algorithm 412}: Graph Plotter [{J6}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "492--493", month = jul, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:05 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Cermak71", note = "See remark \cite{Watkins:1973:RAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150E (General utility programs)", corpsource = "Univ. Chem. Technol., Pardubice, Czechoslovakia", keywords = "ALGOL procedure; computer graphics; graph; line; multivalued function; plot; printer; subroutines; utility programs", oldlabel = "Cermak71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cermak71", } @Article{Raduchel:1971:RAS, author = "William J. Raduchel", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 316}: Solution of Simultaneous Nonlinear Equations [{C5}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "7", pages = "493--??", year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Raduchel71", note = "See \cite{Brown:1967:AAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Raduchel71", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Raduchel71", } @Article{Morris:1971:PSS, author = "Robert Morris", title = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "509--510", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:42:05 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0210 (Algebra); C1110 (Algebra)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", keywords = "algebra; algebraic expressions; equivalence; greatest common divisors; polynomial; polynomials; resultants; roots; subresultants; symbolic and algebraic manipulation; zero", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Hearn:1971:ASM, author = "Anthony C. Hearn", title = "Applications of symbol manipulation in theoretical physics", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "511--516", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:06 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/reduce.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hearn71", abstract = "This paper surveys the applications of symbolic computation techniques to problems in theoretical physics. Particular emphasis is placed on applications in quantum electrodynamics where the most activity has occurred.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA", keywords = "algebraic; algebraic simplification; computational physics; data handling; physics; quantum electrodynamics; simplification; symbol manipulation; symbolic computation; symbolic manipulation; theoretical physics", oldlabel = "Hearn71", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hearn71", } @Article{Hall:1971:ASR, author = "Andrew D. {Hall, Jr.}", title = "The {Altran} system for rational function manipulation --- a survey", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "517--521", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hall71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6140D (High level languages); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "algebra; Altran; coefficients; computation; data structures; integer; language; languages; polynomial manipulation; polynomials; problem oriented; rational function manipulation; run time data structures; symbolic", oldlabel = "Hall71", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hall71", } @Article{Fenichel:1971:LTS, author = "Robert R. Fenichel", title = "List Tracing in Systems Allowing Multiple Cell Types", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "522--526", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:19 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fenichel71a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "configuration; list processing; list tracing; multiple cell types; size; storage allocation", oldlabel = "Fenichel71a", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fenichel71a", } @Article{Moses:1971:ASG, author = "Joel Moses", title = "Algebraic Simplification: {A} Guide for the Perplexed", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "527--537", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A15", MRnumber = "46 8465", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:18 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Comp.Alg.1.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Moses71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0210 (Algebra); C1110 (Algebra)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "algebra; algebraic simplification; automatic; simplification capabilities; substitution", oldlabel = "Moses71", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moses71", } @Article{Jefferys:1971:AAM, author = "William H. Jefferys", title = "Automatic algebraic manipulation in celestial mechanics", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "538--541", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Jefferys71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7320 (Physics and chemistry computing)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "algebra; automated algebraic manipulation; celestial mechanics; integration; perturbation theory; physics; Poisson series; processors", oldlabel = "Jefferys71", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Jefferys71", xxtitle = "Automated Algebraic Manipulation in Celestial Mechanics", } @Article{Barton:1971:GRA, author = "David Barton and John P. Fitch", title = "General relativity and the application of algebraic manipulative systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "542--547", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "83.53", MRnumber = "48 1640", MRreviewer = "I. K. Marek", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:42 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BartonF71", abstract = "The paper describes some applications of symbolic algebra systems to problems of general relativity including the derivation of the field equations, the Petrov classification of a metric, and the solution of the field equations in the presence of matter in a simple case. Attention is drawn to the strictly algebraic difficulties encountered in this work.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0210 (Algebra); C1110 (Algebra)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "Computer Lab., Cambridge, UK", keywords = "algebra; algebraic manipulation; algebraic manipulative systems; equation manipulation; field equations; general relativity; nonnumerical mathematics; Petrov classification; symbolic; symbolic mathematics", oldlabel = "BartonF71", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BartonF71", } @Article{Moses:1971:SIS, author = "Joel Moses", title = "Symbolic Integration: The Stormy Decade", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "8", pages = "548--560", month = aug, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A15", MRnumber = "46 8466", MRreviewer = "D. B. Hunter", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Moses71a", abstract = "Three approaches to symbolic integration in the 1960's are described. The first, from artificial intelligence, led to Slagle's SAINT and to a large degree to Moses' SIN. The second, from algebraic manipulation, led to Manove's implementation and to Horowitz' and Tobey's reexamination of the Hermite algorithm for integrating rational functions. The third, from mathematics, led to Richardson's proof of the unsolvability of the problem for a class of functions and for Risch's decision procedure for the elementary functions.Generalizations of Risch's algorithm to a class of special functions and programs for solving differential equations and for finding the definite integral are also described.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)", conflocation = "Los Angeles, CA, USA; 23-25 March 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 2nd symposium on symbolic and algebraic manipulation", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; artificial intelligence; definite; definite integrals; differential equations; Hermite; integral; integrating rational functions; integration; Manove's implementation; Moses' SIN; proof; rational functions; Richardson's; Risch's decision procedure; SAINT; Slagle's; symbolic integration; unsolvability", oldlabel = "Moses71a", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing Machinery", treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moses71a", } @Article{Teichroew:1971:ERU, author = "Daniel Teichroew", title = "Education Related to the Use of Computers in Organizations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "573--588", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Teichroew71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Learn about data bases and management. Extensive bibliography.", classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", keywords = "colleges; computer education; curriculum development; education; information systems; management; management information systems; professional; societies; universities", oldlabel = "Teichroew71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Teichroew71", } @Article{Isoda:1971:EBT, author = "Sadahiro Isoda and Eiichi Goto and Izumi Kimura", title = "An Efficient Bit Table Technique for Dynamic Storage Allocation of $2^n$-word Blocks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "589--592", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:08 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#IsodaG71", abstract = "An efficient bit table technique for dynamic storage allocation of $2^n$-word blocks, which requires a minimized amount of memory for bookkeeping purposes, is described. The technique has been tested in an implementation of the list processing language $L^6$. A number of ideas incorporated in the processor are also described.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Tokyo Univ., Japan", keywords = "$L^6$; 2/sup n/ word blocks; bit table; bit table technique; bookkeeping; buddy system; dynamic storage allocation; free storage; L/sup 6/; list processing; list processing language; minimum memory; storage allocation", oldlabel = "IsodaG71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/IsodaG71", } @Article{Paton:1971:CAB, author = "Keith Paton", title = "Corrigendum: ``{An algorithm for the blocks and cutnodes of a graph}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "592--592", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:33:19 1997", note = "See \cite{Paton:1971:ABC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Wong:1971:CSA, author = "Eugene Wong and T. C. Chiang", title = "Canonical Structure in Attribute Based File Organization", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "593--597", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#WongC71", note = "Also published in/as: PhD Th., UCB, EECS, 1973.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Combinatorial retrieval of multi-attribute subsets, applicable when there are few keyword choices. Thisis of T. C. Chiang.", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", keywords = "arbitrary Boolean functions; atoms; attribute based; boolean algebra; canonical structure; file organisation; file organization; intersections; lists; queries", oldlabel = "WongC71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/WongC71", } @Article{Phillips:1971:NBO, author = "David L. Phillips", title = "A Note on Best One-Sided Approximations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "598--600", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D15", MRnumber = "45 6158", MRreviewer = "H. L. Loeb", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:32 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Phillips71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", keywords = "best; best approximation; best approximations; error; function approximation; goodness of fit; logarithmic; multiplicative constant; one sided approximations; one-sided approximation; relationship; relative error; uniform norm", oldlabel = "Phillips71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Phillips71", } @Article{Liniger:1971:SCN, author = "Werner Liniger", title = "A stopping criterion for the {Newton--Raphson} method in implicit multistep integration algorithms for nonlinear systems of ordinary differential equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "600--601", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65.60", MRnumber = "44\#7754", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:11 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Liniger71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", keywords = "implicit multistep integration; integration; linear multistep formulas; Newton--Raphson method; nonlinear differential equations; nonlinear systems; ordinary differential equations; stopping criterion", oldlabel = "Liniger71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Liniger71", } @Article{Flores:1971:ABS, author = "Ivan Flores and George Madpis", title = "Average Binary Search Length for Dense Ordered Lists", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "602--603", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:59 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#FloresM71", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Flores:1972:CAB}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "City Univ. New York, NY, USA", keywords = "average length; binary search; dense ordered lists; information retrieval; list processing", oldlabel = "FloresM71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FloresM71", } @Article{Fenichel:1971:CCL, author = "Robert R. Fenichel", title = "Comment on {Cheney}'s List-Compaction Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "9", pages = "603--604", month = sep, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Fenichel71b", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "garbage collector; LISP; list processing; storage allocation; virtual memory", oldlabel = "Fenichel71b", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fenichel71b", } @Article{Earley:1971:TUD, author = "Jay Earley", title = "Toward an Understanding of Data Structures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "617--627", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:11 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Earley71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", keywords = "data structures; formalism; graph; implementation; programming language; semantic", oldlabel = "Earley71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Earley71", } @Article{ANSI:1971:CFS, author = "{ANSI Subcommittee X3J3}", title = "Clarification of {Fortran} Standards --- Second Report", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "628--642", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#X3J371", note = "See also \cite{ANSI:1966:AF}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics); C6140D (High level languages)", keywords = "American National Standard; Basic Fortran; Fortran; FORTRAN; language; language standard; language standard interpretation; language standard maintenance; programming language; specification; standard clarification; standardization; standardization committee; standards", oldlabel = "X3J371", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/X3J371", } @Article{Oldehoeft:1971:EAI, author = "Arthur E. Oldehoeft and Samuel D. Conte", title = "Experiments with an automated instructional system for numerical methods", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "643--650", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:32 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#OldehoeftC71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)", corpsource = "Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA", keywords = "computer aided; computer aided instruction; instruction; instructional systems; numerical methods", oldlabel = "OldehoeftC71", treatment = "X Experimental", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OldehoeftC71", } @Article{Newman:1971:DP, author = "William M. Newman", title = "Display Procedures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "651--660", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Newman71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)", corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA", keywords = "computer graphics; display files; display systems; programming languages", oldlabel = "Newman71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Newman71", } @Article{Nemeth:1971:UPM, author = "Alan G. Nemeth and Paul D. Rovner", title = "User program measurement in a time-shared environment", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "661--666", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:07:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/monitor.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1971.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#NemethR71", abstract = "A general discussion of the measurement of software systems is followed by a description of a hardware and software scheme for measuring user programs in a time-shared environment. The TX-2 computer at MIT Lincoln Laboratory was used for the implementation of such a system and the characteristics of this implementation are reported. Finally, it is shown how other time-sharing systems may provide similar measuring facilities.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "A general discussion of the measurement of software systems is followed by a description of a hardware and software scheme for measuring user programs in a time-shared environment.", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "MIT, Lexington, MA, USA", country = "USA", descriptors = "Performance evaluation; software monitor; time sharing; operating system; multiprogramming; measurement; technology; virtual computer; performance improvement;", enum = "2252", keywords = "computer software; measurement; multiprogramming systems; operating systems; performance improvement; sharing systems; software; technology; time; time-sharing systems; TX2 computer; user program measurement; virtual computers", language = "English", oldlabel = "NemethR71", references = "11", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/NemethR71", } @Article{Courtois:1971:CCR, author = "P. J. Courtois and F. Heymans and David Lorge Parnas", title = "Concurrent Control with ``Readers'' and ``Writers''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "667--668", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/softeng.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#CouroisHP71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Algorithms for scheduler design for multi accessed database", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "MBLE Res. Lab., Brussels, Belgium", keywords = "critical section; mutual exclusion; operating systems (computers); programs; resources; shared access to; supervisory and executive", oldlabel = "CouroisHP71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CouroisHP71", } @Article{Lyness:1971:AAE, author = "J. N. Lyness and G. Sande", title = "{ACM Algorithm 413}: {ENTCAF} and {ENTCRE}: Evaluation of Normalized {Taylor} Coefficients of an Analytic Function ({C5})", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "10", pages = "669--675", month = oct, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Lyness71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", keywords = "Cauchy integral; complex arithmetic; complex variables; fast; Fourier transform; interpolation; mathematics; numerical differentiation; numerical integration; subroutines; Taylor coefficients; Taylor series", oldlabel = "Lyness71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lyness71", } @Article{Branquart:1971:CSA, author = "P. Branquart and J. Lewi and Michel Sintzoff and P. L. Wodon", title = "The composition of semantics in {Algol 68}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "11", pages = "697--708", month = nov, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:59 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BranquartLSW71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "MBLE, Brussels, Belgium", keywords = "ALGOL; Algol 68; data; design of programming languages; programming languages; programming primitives; recursive composition; semantics; structures", oldlabel = "BranquartLSW71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BranquartLSW71", } @Article{Hamblen:1971:UCH, author = "John W. Hamblen", title = "Using computers in higher education: past recommendations, status, and needs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "11", pages = "709--712", month = nov, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:06 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Hamblen71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA, USA", keywords = "computer science; computers; data processing; degree programs; education; educational technology; higher education; laboratory; national goals; testing", oldlabel = "Hamblen71", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hamblen71", } @Article{Shell:1971:OPS, author = "Donald L. Shell", title = "Optimizing the Polyphase Sort", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "11", pages = "713--719", month = nov, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Shell71", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Shell:1972:COP}.", abstract = "Various dispersion algorithms for the polyphase sorting procedure are examined.The optimum algorithm based on minimizing the total number of unit strings read is displayed. The logic of this algorithm is rather complicated; hence, several other new dispersion algorithms with more straightforward logic are presented. Of the simple dispersion algorithms discussed, the Horizontal is best. It does approximately one-fourth to one and one-half percent less reading and writing than most algorithms in use today. An additional two and one-fourth to three percent improvement can be achieved by utilizing the Modified Optimum Algorithm. This algorithm is relatively straightforward, but it requires a fairly close estimate of the total number of unit strings before the dispersion begins.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY, USA", keywords = "dispersion algorithm; dispersion algorithms; minimizing; optimisation; optimum; optimum dispersion algorithm; polyphase sorting; repetition operator; sorting; unit strings", oldlabel = "Shell71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shell71", } @Article{Aramaki:1971:AEP, author = "Itaru Aramaki and Tomokazu Kawabata and Kazuhiko Arimoto", title = "Automation of Etching-Pattern Layout", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "11", pages = "720--730", month = nov, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#AramakiKA71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B1130B (Computer-aided circuit analysis and design); B2210 (Printed circuits); C7410D (Electronic engineering computing)", corpsource = "Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd., Osaka, Japan", keywords = "computer-aided circuit design; etching; heuristic etching pattern layout; ICs; Lee's algorithm; maze running; printed circuit board; printed circuits; wiring design", oldlabel = "AramakiKA71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AramakiKA71", } @Article{Malcolm:1971:AFP, author = "Michael A. Malcolm", title = "On Accurate Floating-Point Summation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "11", pages = "731--736", month = nov, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65G05 (68-XX)", MRnumber = "47 4434", MRreviewer = "P. Brock", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:06 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Malcolm71", acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; digital arithmetic; error analysis", oldlabel = "Malcolm71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Malcolm71", } @Article{Golub:1971:AAC, author = "G. H. Golub and L. B. Smith", title = "{ACM Algorithm 414}: {Chebyshev} Approximation of Continuous Functions by a {Chebyshev} System of Functions [{E2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "11", pages = "737--746", month = nov, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:17 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/acm.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BolubS71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "ALGOL 60; approximation; Chebyshev approximation; critical points; minimax; numerical properties; orthogonal polynomials; Remez algorithm; subroutines", oldlabel = "BolubS71", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BolubS71", } @Article{Gordon:1971:RPT, author = "Richard Gordon and Gabor T. Herman", title = "Reconstruction of Pictures from Their Projections", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "759--768", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#GordonH71", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Gordon:1972:CRP}.", abstract = "There are situations in the natural sciences and medicine (e.g. in electron microscopy and X-ray photography) in which it is desirable to estimate the gray levels of a digital picture at the individual points from the sums of the gray levels along straight lines (projections) at a few angles. Usually, in such situations, the picture is far from determined and the problem is to find the ``most representative'' picture. Three algorithms are described (all using Monte Carlo methods) which were designed to solve this problem. The algorithms are applicable in a large and varied number of fields. The most important uses may be the reconstruction of possibly asymmetric particles from electron micrographs and three-dimensional X-ray analysis.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "State Univ., New York, Buffalo, NY, USA", keywords = "approximation; biomedical image processing; efficient encoding; electron microscopy; image; image processing; linear programming; mathematical programming; medicine; Monte Carlo; Monte Carlo methods; Monte Carlo techniques; natural sciences; optical information; optimization; physics; picture compression; picture description; picture processing; processing; projections; reconstruction of pictures; stereology; techniques; X-ray analysis; X-ray photography", oldlabel = "GordonH71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GordonH71", } @Article{Amidon:1971:ASB, author = "E. L. Amidon and G. S. Akin", title = "Algorithmic Selection of the Best Method for Compressing Map Data Strings", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "769--774", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#AmidonA71", abstract = "The best of a dozen different methods for compressing map data is illustrated. The choices are generated by encoding data strings-sequence of like codes-by three methods and in four directions. Relationships are developed between compression alternatives to avoid comparing all of them. The technique has been used to compress data from forest resource maps, but is widely applicable to map and photographic data reduction.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, CA, USA", keywords = "data compression; data reduction; data reduction and analysis; data strings; forest resource maps; information retrieval; input/output; map; map storage; run coding; storage", oldlabel = "AmidonA71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AmidonA71", } @Article{Mullin:1971:RUS, author = "James K. Mullin", title = "Retrieval-Update Speed Tradeoffs Using Combined Indices", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "775--776", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:43 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Mullin71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "Univ. Western Ontario, London, Ont., Canada", keywords = "combined index files; file; file organisation; file update; indexing; information retrieval; information retrieval systems; inverted files; minimal cost; organisation; query; retrieval time; speed tradeoffs", oldlabel = "Mullin71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Mullin71", xxtitle = "Retrieval-Update Speed Tradeoffs Using Combined Indexes", } @Article{Harrison:1971:IST, author = "Malcolm C. Harrison", title = "Implementation of the Substring Test by Hashing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "777--779", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:43 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Harrison71", note = "See also \cite{Tharp:1982:PTS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA", keywords = "compression; data handling; hashing; information; information retrieval; programming; searching; signature; subset; substring test", oldlabel = "Harrison71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Harrison71", } @Article{Wulf:1971:BLS, author = "W. A. (William A.) Wulf and D. B. Russell and A. N. Habermann", title = "{BLISS}: {A} Language for Systems Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "780--790", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05", MRnumber = "46 8463", MRreviewer = "P. Deussen", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/Ai.misc.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#WulfR71", URL = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/362919.362936", abstract = "A language, BLISS, is described. This language is designed so as to be especially suitable for use in writing production software systems for a specific machine (the PDP-10): compilers, operating systems, etc. Prime design goals of the design are the ability to produce highly efficient object code, to allow access to all relevant hardware features of the host machine, and to provide a rational means by which to cope with the evolutionary nature of systems programs. A major feature which contributes to the realization of these goals is a mechanism permitting the definition of the representation of all data structures in terms of the access algorithm for elements of the structure.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5420 (Mainframes and minicomputers); C6120 (File organisation); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "BLISS; compilers; data structures; implementation language; language; minicomputers; operating systems; program processors; programming languages; software systems; supervisory and executive programs; systems programming", oldlabel = "WulfR71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/WulfR71", } @Article{Rochfeld:1971:NLT, author = "Arnold Rochfeld", title = "New {LISP} Techniques for a Paging Environment", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "791--795", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:42 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Rochfeld71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Edinburgh, UK", keywords = "block segment; collection; compact; core fragmentation; garbage; LISP; list processing; list structures; management; paging environment; procedure oriented languages; storage; virtual memory", oldlabel = "Rochfeld71", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rochfeld71", } @Article{Blumberg:1971:NMN, author = "John W. Blumberg and Clinton R. Foulk", title = "A note on `a modification of {Nordsieck}'s method using an ``off-step'' point'", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "796--796", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BlumbergF71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, USA", keywords = "corrector; corrector methods; differential equations; modification; multistep methods; Nordsieck's method; numerical methods; off error; ordinary differential equations; predictor; predictor-; round", oldlabel = "BlumbergF71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BlumbergF71", } @Article{Gustafson:1971:RCG, author = "Sven-{\AA}ke A. Gustafson", title = "Rapid Computation of General Interpolation Formulas and Mechanical Quadrature Rules", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "797--801", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D05", MRnumber = "46 10167a", MRreviewer = "V. Pereyra", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Royal Inst. Technol., Stockholm, Sweden", keywords = "divided differences; formula; functionals; general interpolation formulas; Hermitian; interpolation; Lagrangian; linear; mechanical quadrature rules; Newton's interpolation; rapid computation", oldlabel = "Gustafson71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71", } @Article{Bourgeois:1971:EMA, author = "Fran{\c{c}}ois Bourgeois and Jean-Claude Lassalle", title = "An extension of the {Munkres} algorithm for the assignment problem to rectangular matrices", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "802--804", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "90C05", MRnumber = "47 4628", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:39 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BourgeoisL71", abstract = "The assignment problem, together with Munkres proposed algorithm for its solution in square matrices, is presented first. Then the authors develop an extension of this algorithm which permits a solution for rectangular matrices. Timing results obtained by using an adapted version of Silver's Algol procedure are discussed, and a relation between solution time and problem size is given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland", keywords = "algorithm; assignment problem; matrix algebra; Munkres algorithm; operations research; optimisation; optimization theory; rectangular matrices", oldlabel = "BourgeoisL71", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BourgeoisL71", } @Article{Bourgeois:1971:AAA, author = "Fran{\c{c}}ois Bourgeois and John-Claude C. Lassalle", title = "{ACM Algorithm 415}: Algorithm for the Assignment Problem (Rectangular Matrices) [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "805--806", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BourgeoisL71a; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#BourgeoisL71b", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland", keywords = "algorithm; assignment problem; matrix algebra; operations research; optimization; rectangular matrices; subroutines", oldlabel = "BourgeoisL71a; BourgeoisL71b", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BourgeoisL71a; ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BourgeoisL71b", } @Article{Gustafson:1971:AARa, author = "Sven-{\AA}ke Gustafson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 416}: Rapid Computation of Coefficients of Interpolation Formulas [{E1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "806--807", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D05", MRnumber = "46 10167b", MRreviewer = "V. Pereyra", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:32 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71a; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71c", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; coefficients; divided differences; interpolation; interpolation formula; rapid computation; subroutines", oldlabel = "Gustafson71a; Gustafson71c", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71a; ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71c", } @Article{Gustafson:1971:AARb, author = "Sven-{\AA}ke Gustafson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 417}: Rapid Computation of Weights of Interpolatory Quadrature Rules [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "14", number = "12", pages = "807--807", month = dec, year = "1971", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D05", MRnumber = "46 10167c", MRreviewer = "V. Pereyra", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:33 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71b; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm14.html#Gustafson71d", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; divided differences; interpolation; interpolation formulae; mechanical quadrature rules; rapid computation; subroutines; weights", oldlabel = "Gustafson71b; Gustafson71d", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71b; ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gustafson71d", } @Article{Lesk:1972:PPR, author = "Arthur M. Lesk", title = "Pictorial pattern recognition and the phase problem of {X}-ray crystallography", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "3--6", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:31 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Lesk72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "A6100 (Structure of liquids and solids; crystallography); A6150 (Crystalline state); B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "Princeton Univ., NJ, USA", keywords = "calculation methods; cross correlation; crystallography; hypotheses; molecular model building; pattern recognition; phase problem; physics; pictorial pattern recognition; structural; X-ray; X-ray crystallography", oldlabel = "Lesk72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lesk72", } @Article{Levialdi:1972:SBP, author = "Stefano Levialdi", title = "On Shrinking Binary Picture Patterns", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "7--10", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Levialdi72", abstract = "A parallel processing algorithm for shrinking binary patterns to obtain single isolated elements, one for each pattern, is presented. This procedure may be used for counting patterns on a matrix, and a hardware implementation of the algorithm using large scale integrated technology is envisioned. The principal features of this method are the very small window employed (two-by-two elements), the parallel nature of the process, and the possibility of shrinking any pattern, regardless of the complexity of its configuration. Problems regarding merging and disconnection of patterns during the process as well as the determination of the maximum number of steps necessary to obtain a single isolated element from a pattern, are reviewed and discussed. An analogy with a neural network description, in terms of McCulloch-Pitts ``neurons'' is presented.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "CNR, Napoli, Italy", keywords = "counting binary patterns; counting patterns; disconnection; isolated element; large scale integrated; matrix; merging; multiple connected; multiple connected pictures; neural network; parallel processing; pattern recognition; pictures; shrinking; shrinking binary picture patterns; single; small window; technology", oldlabel = "Levialdi72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Levialdi72", } @Article{Duda:1972:UHT, author = "Richard O. Duda and Peter E. Hart", title = "Use of the {Hough} transformation to detect lines and curves in pictures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "11--15", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/Reverse.eng.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#DudaH72", abstract = "Hough has proposed an interesting and computationally efficient procedure for detecting lines in pictures. This paper points out that the use of angle-radius rather than slope-intercept parameters simplifies the computation further. It also shows how the method can be used for more general curve fitting, and gives alternative interpretations that explain the source of its efficiency.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition)", corpsource = "Stanford Res. Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA", keywords = "angle radius; colinear points; curve detection; curves; detecting lines; Hough transformation; line detection; pattern recognition; picture processing; pictures; point-line transformation", oldlabel = "DudaH72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DudaH72", } @Article{Irons:1972:CES, author = "Edgar T. Irons and Frans M. Djorup", title = "A {CRT} Editing System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "16--20", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#IronsD72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Inst. Defense Analyses, Princeton, NJ, USA", keywords = "CRT editing system; entry display; manipulation program; text; text editing; time sharing", oldlabel = "IronsD72", treatment = "A Application; E Economic; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/IronsD72", } @Article{Dwyer:1972:TSA, author = "T. A. Dwyer", title = "Teacher\slash student authored {CAI} using the {NEWBASIC} system", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "21--28", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dwyer72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)", corpsource = "Univ. Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "CAI; capability; CATALYST; computer aided instruction; flexible CAI scan; interactive; NEWBASIC system; secondary school", oldlabel = "Dwyer72", treatment = "A Application; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dwyer72", } @Article{Shell:1972:COP, author = "Donald L. Shell", title = "Corrigendum: {``Optimizing the Polyphase Sort''}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "28--28", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:37:36 1997", note = "See \cite{Shell:1971:OPS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{McCalla:1972:MMU, author = "Gordon I. McCalla and Jeffrey R. Sampson", title = "{MUSE}: {A} Model To Understand Simple {English}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "29--40", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#McCallaS72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada", keywords = "ambiguity; computer model; English sentences; generalization; information addition to memory; interpretation; intersection procedure; language translation and linguistics; MUSE; natural language processing; network; resolution; semantic memory; syntactic analysis; text", oldlabel = "McCallaS72", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McCallaS72", } @Article{Shrager:1972:QPN, author = "Richard I. Shrager", title = "Quadratic Programming for Nonlinear Regression", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "41--45", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Shrager72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques)", corpsource = "Dept. Health and Education, Bethesda, MD, USA", keywords = "diagonal method; linear constraints; magnified; nonlinear regression; quadratic programming", oldlabel = "Shrager72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shrager72", } @Article{Salzer:1972:OFF, author = "Herbert E. Salzer", title = "Ordering +-f(+-f(+-f(\ldots{}+-f(x)..))) When f(x) Is Positive Monotonic", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "45--46", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:11 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Salzer72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4190 (Other numerical methods)", keywords = "combination; numerical methods; ordering; positive monotonic; real arguments; signs", oldlabel = "Salzer72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salzer72", xxtitle = "Ordering +or-f(+or-f(+or-f(\ldots{}+or-f(x)\ldots{}))) when f(x) is positive monotonic", } @Article{Einarsson:1972:AAC, author = "Bo Einarsson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 418}: Calculation of {Fourier} Integrals [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "47--48", month = jan, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:40 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Einarsson72", note = "See remark \cite{Einarsson:1972:RAC,Piessens:1974:RAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Res. Inst. Nat. Defense, Tumba, Sweden", keywords = "calculation; FORTRAN routine; Fourier integrals; integration; subroutines", oldlabel = "Einarsson72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Einarsson72", } @Article{Macleod:1972:STR, author = "I. D. G. Macleod", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 380}: In-Situ Transposition of a Rectangular Matrix [{F1}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "49--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:43 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Macleod72", note = "See \cite{Laflin:1970:AAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Macleod72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Macleod72", } @Article{Schrack:1972:RAU, author = "G{\"u}nther F. Schrack", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 391}: Unitary Symmetric Polynomials [{Z}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "1", pages = "49--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schrack72", note = "See \cite{McKay:1970:AAU}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Schrack72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schrack72", } @Article{Pager:1972:PCB, author = "David Pager", title = "A Proposal for a Computer-Based Interactive Scientific Community", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "71--75", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Pager72", abstract = "Because of the problems created by the explosion of papers in the mathematical sciences and the drawbacks that this places on research, it is suggested that a tree of all mathematical results and terminology be maintained in a multiterminal computer system.\par Users of the system can store in the computer an updated file of their current knowledge, and on selecting a paper to read, they can obtain from the computer the minimum subtree of theorems required to bring them from what they already know to the background knowledge which the paper assumes. Under certain conditions, means are also provided for the contribution of useful comments by the readers of a work and for interaction between commentators and with the author. \par This paper describes how the system can be organized and the role required of readers, writers, and commentators.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA", keywords = "commentators; computer utility; data structures; information retrieval; information retrieval systems; interactive system; organization of scientific community; readers; trees; trees (mathematics); writers", oldlabel = "Pager72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pager72", } @Article{Eastman:1972:PRS, author = "Charles M. Eastman", title = "Preliminary report on a system for general space planning", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "76--87", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Eastman72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C7400 (Engineering computing)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "ALGOL; architects; CAD; computer language; computer-aided design; engineering; extension of ALGOL; general space planning; heuristic programming; orthographic drawings; set of programs; urban designers", oldlabel = "Eastman72", treatment = "G General Review; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Eastman72", } @Article{Martin:1972:OBT, author = "William A. Martin and D. N. Ness", title = "Optimizing Binary Trees Grown with a Sorting Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "88--93", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MartinN72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; binary trees; data handling; optimisation; optimization; recursion; retrieving information; sorting; trees (mathematics)", oldlabel = "MartinN72", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MartinN72", } @Article{Oldehoeft:1972:MCP, author = "Arthur E. Oldehoeft and Maurice H. Halstead", title = "Maximum computing power and cost factors in the centralization problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "94--96", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:33 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#OldehoeftH72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management)", corpsource = "Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA, USA", keywords = "centralisation; computer management; cost factors; decentralisation; economics; economies of scale; installations; large single machine installations; management; maximum computing power; multimachine", oldlabel = "OldehoeftH72", treatment = "E Economic", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OldehoeftH72", } @Article{Jenkins:1972:AAZ, author = "Michael A. Jenkins and J. F. Traub", title = "{ACM Algorithm 419}: Zeros of a Complex Polynomial [{C2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "97--99", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#JenkinsT72", note = "See remark \cite{Withers:1974:RAZ}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ont., Canada", keywords = "complex polynomial; FORTRAN; poles and zeros; polynomials; roots; subroutine; subroutines; zeros", oldlabel = "JenkinsT72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JenkinsT72", } @Article{Williamson:1972:AAH, author = "Hugh Williamson", title = "{ACM Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting Program [{J6}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "100--103", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Williamson72", note = "See remarks \cite{Macleod:1973:RAH,Williamson:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Gaither:1974:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHb}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Tracor Computing Corp., Austin, TX, USA", descriptors = "Fortran; graphics; iterative method; application; method; human factors; diagram manipulation; hidden line algorithm;", keywords = "computer graphics; data handling; FORTRAN; hidden line plotting; subroutine; subroutines; surface plot", oldlabel = "Williamson72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williamson72", } @Article{Moorer:1972:MCC, author = "James Anderson Moorer", title = "Music and Computer Composition", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "104--113", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:49 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moorer72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "artificial intelligence; composition; computer music; harmony; heuristic; humanities; models of cognitive processes; music theory; program; programming", oldlabel = "Moorer72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moorer72", } @Article{Flores:1972:CAB, author = "Ivan Flores and George Madpis", title = "Corrigendum: {``Average Binary Search Length for Dense Ordered Lists''}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "113--113", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:37:46 1997", note = "See \cite{Flores:1971:ABS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Gordon:1972:CRP, author = "Richard Gordon and Gabor T. Herman", title = "Corrigendum: {``Reconstruction of Pictures from Their Projections''}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "113--113", month = feb, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Fri Jan 17 18:38:30 1997", note = "See \cite{Gordon:1971:RPT}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Denning:1972:PAS, author = "Peter J. Denning and Brian Randell", title = "Papers from the 3rd {ACM} symposium on operating systems principles", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "133--134", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Apr 08 20:44:30 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", keywords = "access; computer; operating systems; operating systems (computers); parallel processing supervisory; partitioning; storage; time sharing systems", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Bobrow:1972:TPT, author = "Daniel G. Bobrow and Jerry D. Burchfiel and Daniel L. Murphy and Raymond S. Tomlinson", title = "{TENEX}, {A} Paged Time-Sharing System for the {PDP-10}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "135--143", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BobrowBMT72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Includes description of file system aspects and protection.", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "Computer Sci. Div., Cambridge, UK", keywords = "minicomputers; paged time sharing system; PDP 10; TENEX; time-sharing programs", oldlabel = "BobrowBMT72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BobrowBMT72", } @Article{Liskov:1972:DVO, author = "Barbara H. Liskov", title = "The Design of the {Venus} Operating System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "144--149", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:22 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Liskov72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "MITRE Corporation. Bedford, MA, USA", keywords = "architecture; computer architecture; operating systems (computers); small computer; software; Venus operating system", oldlabel = "Liskov72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Liskov72", } @Article{Gaines:1972:OSB, author = "R. Stockton Gaines", title = "An Operating System Based on the Concept of a Supervisory Computer", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "150--156", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gaines72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "Inst. Defense Analyses, von Neumann Hall, Princeton, NJ, USA", keywords = "independent; operating system; operating systems (computers); processes; supervisory computer", oldlabel = "Gaines72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gaines72", } @Article{Schroeder:1972:HAI, author = "Michael D. Schroeder and Jerome H. Saltzer", title = "A Hardware Architecture for Implementing Protection Rings", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "157--170", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#SchroederS72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "access control; access privileges; architecture; computer architecture; digital storage; Multics; protection rings; system", oldlabel = "SchroederS72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SchroederS72", } @Article{Habermann:1972:SCP, author = "A. Nico Habermann", title = "Synchronization of Communicating Processes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "171--176", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Habermann72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburg, PA, USA", keywords = "buffer store; communication; concurrency; operating systems (computers); parallel processes; parallel processing; synchronisation; synchronization", oldlabel = "Habermann72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Habermann72", } @Article{Teorey:1972:CAD, author = "Toby J. Teorey and Tad B. Pinkerton", title = "A Comparative Analysis of Disk Scheduling Policies", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "177--184", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:01 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/is.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#TeoreyP72", URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/TeoreyP72.html", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Analysis, design of hardware. Minimizing seeks and latencies.", cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM15/P177.pdf", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "criteria; disk scheduling policies; magnetic storage systems; multiprogramming; performance; seek time; waiting time", oldlabel = "TeoreyP72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/TeoreyP72", } @Article{Coffman:1972:SSP, author = "Edward G. {Coffman, Jr.} and T. A. {Ryan, Jr.}", title = "A study of storage partitioning using a mathematical model of locality", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "185--190", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/cache.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#CoffmanR72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1220 (Simulation, modelling and identification); C6150J (Operating systems)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA", keywords = "dynamic; fixed; mathematical model of locality; modelling; multiprogramming; storage allocation; storage partitioning", oldlabel = "CoffmanR72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CoffmanR72", xxauthor = "Edward G. {Coffman, Jr.} and T. A. Ryan", xxauthor = "E. G. {Coffman, Jr.} and T. A. {Ryan, Jr.}", } @Article{Denning:1972:PWS, author = "Peter J. Denning and Stuart C. Schwartz", title = "Properties of the Working Set Model", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "3", pages = "191--198", month = mar, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05", MRnumber = "47 6119", MRreviewer = "A. D. Booth", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:35:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#DenningS72", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Denning:1973:CWM}.", abstract = "A program's working set $W(t,T)$ at time $t$ is the set of distinct pages among the T most recently referenced pages. Relations between the average working-set size, the missing-page rate, and the interreference-interval distribution may be derived both from time-average definitions and from ensemble-average (statistical) definitions. An efficient algorithm for estimating these quantities is given. The relation to LRU (least recently used) paging is characterized. The independent-reference model, in which page references are statistically independent, is used to assess the effects to interpage dependencies on working-set size observations. Under general assumptions, working-set size is shown to be normally distributed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", conflocation = "Palo Alto, CA, USA; 18-20 Oct. 1971", conftitle = "Papers from the 3rd ACM symposium on operating systems principles", corpsource = "Princeton Univ., NJ, USA", keywords = "model; modelling; paging; paging algorithms; program behavior; program modeling; programming theory; supervisory programs; working set; working-set model", oldlabel = "DenningS72", sponsororg = "Assoc. Computing machinery", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DenningS72", } @Article{Conway:1972:ISM, author = "Richard W. Conway and William L. Maxwell and Howard L. Morgan", title = "On the Implementation of Security Measures in Information Systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "211--220", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:33 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ConwayMM72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "access control confidentiality; access management; data banks; information systems; management; model; modelling; operating systems; privacy; security; security of data", oldlabel = "ConwayMM72", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ConwayMM72", } @Article{Walden:1972:SIC, author = "David C. Walden", title = "A system for interprocess communication in a resource sharing computer network", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "221--230", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Walden72", note = "Reproduced in ``Advances in Computer Communications'', W. W. Chu, (Ed.), (1974), 340--349.", abstract = "A system of communication between processes in a time-sharing system is described and the communication system is extended so that it may be used between processes distributed throughout a computer network. \par The hypothetical application of the system to an existing network is discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "A system of communication between processes in a time-sharing system is described and the communication is extended so that it may be used between processes distributed throughout a computer network. The hypothetical application of the system to an existing network is discussed.", classcodes = "C5490 (Other aspects of analogue and digital computers); C5620 (Computer networks and techniques)", corpsource = "Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA", country = "USA", descriptors = "Resource management; computer network; time sharing; interprocess communication;", enum = "3213", keywords = "computer networks; digital communication systems; hypothetical application; interprocess communication; resource sharing; time sharing; time-sharing; time-sharing systems", language = "English", oldlabel = "Walden72", references = "10", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Walden72", } @Article{Herbst:1972:ELP, author = "N. M. Herbst and P. M. Will", title = "An experimental laboratory for pattern recognition and signal processing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "231--244", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HerbstW72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5490 (Other aspects of analogue and digital computers)", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", keywords = "analogue input and output facilities; computer; design; display systems; image; interactive terminal; pattern recognition; process control digital; processing; programming support; pseudorandom displays; scanner control; scanners; signal processing; system; TV camera", oldlabel = "HerbstW72", treatment = "A Application; X Experimental", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HerbstW72", } @Article{Matsushita:1972:HLE, author = "Yutaka Matsushita", title = "Hidden Lines Elimination for a Rotating Object", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "245--252", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A10", MRnumber = "47 7945", MRreviewer = "Rani Siromoney", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Matsushita72", abstract = "A method is presented of determining which parts of three-dimensional objects are visible and which are invisible when the objects are rotated about some axis. This paper describes a polygon comparison scheme in which the relationships of two polygons can be classified into tree types, and also discusses how the relationship is changed for each pair of polygons under rotation about some axis. A rotation table is defined for each pair of polygons, which remains fixed as long as rotation is about one axis and provides a means of rapidly determining the visible and hidden line relationship between two polygons. \par Additional work must be done to extend this approach to simultaneous rotation about several axes.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA", keywords = "computer drawn picture; computer graphics; data handling; display programming; displays; graphics; hidden line; hidden line problem; polygon comparison scheme; problem; rotating object", oldlabel = "Matsushita72", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Matsushita72", } @Article{Chase:1972:IGA, author = "Stephen M. Chase", title = "An implemented graph algorithm for winning {Shannon Switching Games}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "253--256", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Chase72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence)", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", keywords = "artificial intelligence; computer; game playing; graph algorithm; programme; Shannon Switching Games; winning strategy", oldlabel = "Chase72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chase72", } @Article{Horowitz:1972:CSP, author = "Ellis Horowitz and Howard L. Morgan and Alan C. Shaw", title = "Computers and Society: {A} Proposed Course for Computer Scientists", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "257--261", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HorowitzMS72", abstract = "The purpose of this paper is to describe a course concerned with both the effects of computers on society and the responsibilities of computer scientists to society. The impact of computers is divided into five components: political, economic, cultural, social, and moral; the main part of the paper defines each component and presents examples of the relevant issues. In the remaining portions the possible formats for such a course are discussed, a topic by topic outline is given, and a selected set of references is listed. It is hoped that the proposal will make it easier to initiate courses on this subject.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "computer scientists; computers and society; course; course proposal; cultural; economic; economic and sociological effects; education; moral; political; social; social implications", oldlabel = "HorowitzMS72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HorowitzMS72", } @Article{Kuki:1972:CGF, author = "Hirondo Kuki", title = "Complex Gamma Function with Error Control [{S14}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "262--267", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D20", MRnumber = "47 1249", MRreviewer = "L. Fox", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kuki72a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", keywords = "algorithm; complex; complex gamma function; complex loggamma; error control; FORTRAN; function; function approximation; loggamma function; programme; subroutines", oldlabel = "Kuki72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kuki72a", } @Article{Moler:1972:MCF, author = "Cleve B. Moler", title = "Matrix Computations with {Fortran} and Paging", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "268--270", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:06 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moler72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", keywords = "FORTRAN; Fortran; linear equations; matrix algebra; matrix computations; memory hierarchy; nested loops; nla; paged memory; virtual memory", oldlabel = "Moler72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moler72", } @Article{Kuki:1972:AAC, author = "Hirondo Kuki", title = "{ACM Algorithm 421}: Complex Gamma Function with Error Control [{S14}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "271--272", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D20", MRnumber = "47 1249", MRreviewer = "L. Fox", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kuki72a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", keywords = "algorithm; complex; complex gamma function; complex loggamma; error control; FORTRAN; function; function approximation; loggamma function; programme; subroutines", oldlabel = "Kuki72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kuki72a", } @Article{Whitney:1972:AAM, author = "V. Kevin M. Whitney", title = "{ACM Algorithm 422}: Minimal Spanning Tree [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "273--274", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Whitney72", note = "See remark \cite{Kernighan:1973:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", keywords = "algorithm; FORTRAN; maximal spanning tree; minimal spanning tree; spanning tree; subroutines; trees (mathematics); undirected graph", oldlabel = "Whitney72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Whitney72", } @Article{Moler:1972:AAL, author = "Cleve B. Moler", title = "{ACM Algorithm 423}: Linear Equation Solver [{F4}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "274--274", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moler72a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", keywords = "array processing; Fortran; linear algebra; linear equation solver; memory; paged memory; subroutines; virtual", oldlabel = "Moler72a", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moler72a", } @Article{Walden:1972:NCN, author = "David C. Walden", title = "A Note on {Cheney}'s Nonrecursive List-Compacting Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "275--275", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:50 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Walden72a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "A/S Norsk Data-Elektronikk, Oslo, Norway", keywords = "algorithm; garbage collection; list compacting; list processing; nonrecursive; storage management", oldlabel = "Walden72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Walden72a", } @Article{Hu:1972:CDC, author = "T. C. Hu", key = "file searching, double-chained tree, binary search tree", title = "A Comment on the Double-Chained Tree", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "4", pages = "276--276", month = apr, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Hu72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "binary search tree; double chained tree; file organisation; file searching; trees (mathematics)", oldlabel = "Hu72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hu72", } @Article{Mullin:1972:IIS, author = "James K. Mullin", title = "An Improved Indexed-Sequential Access Method Using Hashed Overflow", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "301--307", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/hash.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Mullin72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Univ. Western Ontario, Ont., Canada", keywords = "cylinder; file management systems; file organisation; hashed overflow; improved index sequential access method; long overflow chains; movable head disc devices; overflow records; record keys; scatter; space allocation; storage; storage allocation; storage management; treating", oldlabel = "Mullin72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Mullin72", xxtitle = "An Improved Index Sequential Access Method Using Hashed Overflow", } @Article{Bensoussan:1972:MVM, author = "A. Bensoussan and C. T. Clingen and Robert C. Daley", title = "The {Multics} Virtual Memory: Concepts and Design", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "308--318", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:53 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BensoussanCD72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "concepts; design; hierarchy; information sharing; memory; memory management; Multics virtual memory; online operating systems; Operating segments paging sharing management CACM; operating systems (computers); paging; segmentation", oldlabel = "BensoussanCD72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BensoussanCD72", } @Article{Christman:1972:MSA, author = "Ronald D. Christman", title = "{MUX}, a Simple Approach to On-Line Computing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "319--329", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:31:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Christman72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Alamos, NM, USA", keywords = "batch system; CDC 6600 computer; cost; design criteria; economics; implementation; input; modify files; multi-access systems; multiplexer; MUX; online computing; online operation; operating; overhead; systems (computers); user reactions", oldlabel = "Christman72", treatment = "E Economic; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Christman72", } @Article{Parnas:1972:TSM, author = "David Lorge Parnas", title = "A technique for software module specification with examples", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "330--336", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/obscure.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Parnas72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "programming; software design; software module specification; technique", oldlabel = "Parnas72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Parnas72", } @Article{Gentleman:1972:ICCa, author = "W. Morven Gentleman", title = "Implementing {Clenshaw--Curtis} quadrature. {I}. Methodology and experience", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "337--342", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D30", MRnumber = "48 5343", MRreviewer = "D. F. Mayers", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Comp.Alg.1.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gentleman72", abstract = "Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature is a particularly important automatic quadrature scheme for a variety of reasons, especially the high accuracy obtained from relatively few integrand values. However, it has received little use because it requires the computation of a cosine transformation and the arithmetic cost of this has been prohibitive. This paper is in two parts; a companion paper, ``II Computing the Cosine Transformation,'' shows that this objection can be overcome by computing the cosine transformation by a modification of the fast Fourier transform algorithm. \par This first part discusses the strategy and various error estimates, and summarizes experience with a particular implementation of the scheme.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada", keywords = "automatic quadrature; Chebyshev series; Clenshaw Curtis; Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature; error analysis; error estimates; experience; implementation; integration; numerical integration; numerical methods; strategy", oldlabel = "Gentleman72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gentleman72", } @Article{Gentleman:1972:ICCb, author = "W. Morven Gentleman", title = "Implementing {Clenshaw--Curtis} quadrature. {II}. Computing the cosine transformation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "343--346", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D30", MRnumber = "48 5344", MRreviewer = "D. F. Mayers", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gentleman72a", abstract = "In a companion paper to this, ``I Methodology and Experiences,'' the automatic Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature scheme was described and how each quadrature formula used in the scheme requires a cosine transformation of the integrand values was shown. The high cost of these cosine transformations has been a serious drawback in using Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature. \par Two other problems related to the cosine transformation have also been trouble some. First, the conventional computation of the cosine transformation by recurrence relation is numerically unstable, particularly at the low frequencies which have the largest effect upon the integral. Second, in case the automatic scheme should require refinement of the sampling, storage is required to save the integrand values after the cosine transformation is computed. This second part of the paper shows how the cosine transformation can be computed by a modification of the fast Fourier transform and all three problems overcome. The modification is also applicable in other circumstances requiring cosine or sine transformations, such as polynomial interpolation through the Chebyshev points.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada", keywords = "Chebyshev series; Clenshaw Curtis quadrature; Clenshaw--Curtis quadrature; cosine; cosine transformation; fast Fourier transformation; fast Fourier transforms; FFT; implementation; integration; numerical methods; polynomial interpolation; transformation", oldlabel = "Gentleman72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gentleman72a", } @Article{Greenspan:1972:FFD, author = "D. Greenspan and D. Schultz", title = "Fast finite-difference solution of biharmonic problems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "347--350", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65N05", MRnumber = "47 2829", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:46:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#GreenspanS72", abstract = "Setting the Reynolds number equal to zero, in a method for solving the Navier-Strokes equations numerically, results in a fast numerical method for biharmonic problems. The equation is treated as a system of two second order equations and a simple smoothing process is essential for convergence. An application is made to a crack-type problem.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "biharmonic equation; biharmonic problems; boundary value problem; boundary-value problems; convergence; convergence of numerical methods; crack type problem; difference equations; fast finite difference solution; Navier Stokes equations; numerical analysis; partial differential equations; process; smoothing; two second order equations", oldlabel = "GreenspanS72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GreenspanS72", } @Article{Dunham:1972:MNA, author = "Charles B. Dunham", title = "Minimax nonlinear approximation by approximation on subsets", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "351--351", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dunham72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Univ. Western Ontario, Ont., Canada", keywords = "function approximation; minimax nonlinear approximation; optimisation; subsets", oldlabel = "Dunham72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dunham72", } @Article{Harter:1972:OWF, author = "Richard Harter", title = "The Optimality of {Winograd}'s Formula", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "352--352", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "352.65F05", MRnumber = "47 2801", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Harter72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra)", keywords = "inner product; linear algebra; numerical analysis; optimality; vectors; Winograd's formula", oldlabel = "Harter72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Harter72", } @Article{Gentleman:1972:AAC, author = "W. Morven Gentleman", title = "{ACM Algorithm 424}: {Clenshaw--Curtis} Quadrature [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "353--355", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gentleman72b", note = "See remark \cite{Good:1973:RAC,Geddes:1979:RCC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada", keywords = "Chebyshev series; Clenshaw Curtis quadrature; cosine transform; FFT; FORTRAN subroutine; integration; subroutines", oldlabel = "Gentleman72b", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gentleman72b", } @Article{Hurst:1972:AAG, author = "Rex L. Hurst and Robert E. Knop", title = "{ACM Algorithm 425}: Generation of Random Correlated Normal Variables [{G5}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "355--357", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HurstK72", note = "See remark \cite{Page:1974:GRC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Utah State Univ., Logan, UT, USA", keywords = "algorithms; FORTRAN subroutine; generation; multivariate normal density; random correlated normal variables; statistics; subroutines; timing", oldlabel = "HurstK72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HurstK72", } @Article{Bron:1972:AAM, author = "Coenraad Bron", title = "{ACM Algorithm 426}: Merge Sort Algorithm [{M1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "357--358", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bron72", note = "See remark \cite{Bron:1974:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Technol. Univ., Eindhoven, Netherlands", keywords = "ALGOL 60 procedure; merge sort algorithm; merging; recursion; sorting; subroutines", oldlabel = "Bron72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bron72", } @Article{Linz:1972:AAF, author = "Peter Linz", title = "{ACM Algorithm 427}: {Fourier} Cosine Integral [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "358--360", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Linz72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Davis, CA, USA", keywords = "FORTRAN procedure; Fourier cosine integral; integration; subroutines", oldlabel = "Linz72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Linz72", } @Article{Yohe:1972:AAH, author = "J. M. Yohe", title = "{ACM Algorithm 428}: {Hu-Tucker} Minimum Redundancy Alphabetic Coding Method [{Z}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "360--362", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Yohe72", note = "See remark \cite{Byrne:1973:RAH}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6120B (Codes); C1260 (Information theory)", corpsource = "Univ. Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA", keywords = "codes; encoding; FORTRAN subroutine; Hu Tucker minimum redundancy alphabetic binary coding; method; subroutines", oldlabel = "Yohe72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Yohe72", } @Article{Ashenhurst:1972:RAC, author = "Robert L. Ashenhurst", title = "A report of the {ACM} curriculum committee on computer education for management. Curriculum recommendations for graduate professional programs in information systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "5", pages = "363--398", month = may, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ashenhurst72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", keywords = "course descriptions; curriculum recommendations; education; implementation; information systems; systems analysis", oldlabel = "Ashenhurst72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ashenhurst72", xxtitle = "Curriculum Recommendations for Graduate Professional Programs in Information Systems", } @Article{Blatny:1972:OPT, author = "J. Blatny and S. R. Clark and T. A. Rourke", title = "On the optimization of performance of time-sharing systems by simulation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "411--420", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BlatnyCR72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada", keywords = "computation theory; finite; infinite auxiliary store; job scheduling algorithm; noncontiguous store; number of jobs allowed to execute simultaneously; optimisation; optimization of performance; optimum round robin cycle time selection; programs; sharing systems; simulation; slice techniques; store size; time; time-sharing; variable time", oldlabel = "BlatnyCR72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BlatnyCR72", } @Article{Spacek:1972:PEP, author = "Thomas R. Spacek", title = "A proposal to establish a pseudo virtual memory via writable overlays", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "421--426", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:31 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Spacek72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "CIA, Washington, DC, USA", keywords = "collector; display; establishment; executable storage size problems; folding; graphic; linkage editor; loader; overlay structure; paging; pseudovirtual memory; segmentation; storage allocation; writable overlays", oldlabel = "Spacek72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Spacek72", } @Article{Gilbert:1972:IBC, author = "Philip Gilbert and W. J. Chandler", title = "Interference between Communicating Parallel Processes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "427--437", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#GilbertC72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "computation theory; concurrent programming control; cooperating processes; formal programs; inclusion; interference between communicating parallel processes; mutual exclusion; operating systems; parallel processing; problem; sequences of states; transition rule", oldlabel = "GilbertC72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GilbertC72", } @Article{Gimpel:1972:BND, author = "James F. Gimpel", title = "Blocks --- {A} New Data type for {SNOBOL4}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "438--447", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gimpel72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA", keywords = "blocks; character; composing printable output; datatype; dimensional aggregate of characters; manipulation; overstriking; problem oriented languages; right parallelepiped; SNOBOL 4; string processing; text editing; text processing; three", oldlabel = "Gimpel72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gimpel72", } @Article{Martin:1972:BMM, author = "David F. Martin", title = "A {Boolean} matrix method for the computation of linear precedence functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "448--454", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A30", MRnumber = "54 9175", MRreviewer = "Daniel J. Rosenkrantz", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:57 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Martin72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "analysis; Boolean functions; boolean matrix method; conflict free matrix; context; context-free grammars; free parsing; linear precedence functions; matrix algebra; precedence grammars; syntax", oldlabel = "Martin72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Martin72", } @Article{OReagan:1972:CAC, author = "Robert T. O'Reagan", title = "Computer Assigned Codes from Verbal Responses", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "455--459", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:18 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#OReagan72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "US Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC, USA", keywords = "codes; computer coding; concept; data handling; historical response patterns; reference list; translation; verbal responses; word coding; word strings", oldlabel = "OReagan72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OReagan72", } @Article{Iguchi:1972:SMS, author = "Ken Iguchi", title = "A starting method for solving nonlinear {Volterra} integral equations of the second kind", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "460--461", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Iguchi72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)", corpsource = "Nagoya Univ., Japan", keywords = "algorithm; fourth order method; integral equations; nonlinear Volterra integral equations; numerical methods; starting method", oldlabel = "Iguchi72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Iguchi72", } @Article{Pohl:1972:SPC, author = "Ira Pohl", title = "A Sorting Problem and Its Complexity", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "462--464", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Pohl72", abstract = "A technique for proving min-max norms of sorting algorithms is given. One new algorithm for finding the minimum and maximum elements of a set with fewest comparisons is proved optimal with this technique.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA", keywords = "complexity; computational; computational combinatorics; computational combinatories; computational complexity; minimax norms; minimum and maximum elements; sorting", oldlabel = "Pohl72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pohl72", } @Article{Kolbig:1972:CAC, author = "K. S. K{\"o}lbig", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 363}: {Complex} error function''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "465--466", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kolbig72", note = "See \cite{Gautschi:1969:AAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "CERN, Geneva, Switzerland", keywords = "complex error function; function evaluation; special functions; subroutines; Voigt function", oldlabel = "Kolbig72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kolbig72", } @Article{Niessner:1972:RAE, author = "Herbert Niessner", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 343}: Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a real general matrix''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "466--466", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Niessner72", note = "See \cite{Grad:1968:AAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Brown, Boveri and Co., Baden, Switzerland", keywords = "eigenvalues; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; eigenvectors; FORTRAN; general; matrices; matrix algebra; nonsymmetric matrices; QR algorithm; subroutines", oldlabel = "Niessner72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Niessner72", } @Article{Proll:1972:RAA, author = "L. G. Proll", title = "Remark on ``{ACM Algorithm 370}: {General} random number generator [{G5}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "467--468", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Proll72", note = "See \cite{Butler:1970:AAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Southampton, UK", country = "USA", descriptors = "RVG;", enum = "7783", keywords = "cumulative distribution function; probability density function; random number generation; random number generator; subroutines; transformation", language = "English", oldlabel = "Proll72", references = "0", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Proll72", } @Article{Schrack:1972:RAR, author = "G{\"u}nther F. Schrack", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 381}: Random vectors uniform in solid angle''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "468--468", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schrack72a", note = "See \cite{Knop:1970:AAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada", keywords = "points uniform on; random number generation; random vector generator; solid angle; sphere; spherically symmetric probability distribution; subroutines", oldlabel = "Schrack72a", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schrack72a", } @Article{Sale:1972:RAS, author = "Arthur H. J. Sale", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 393}: Special series summation with arbitrary precision''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "468--469", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sale72", note = "See \cite{Abdali:1970:AAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Sydney, NSW, Australia", keywords = "approximation; function evaluation; harmonic series; series summation; subroutines", oldlabel = "Sale72", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sale72", } @Article{Einarsson:1972:RAC, author = "Bo Einarsson", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 418}: Calculation of {Fourier} integrals''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "469--469", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Einarsson72a", note = "See \cite{Einarsson:1972:AAC,Piessens:1974:RAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Res. Inst. Nat. Defense, Tumba, Sweden", keywords = "approximation; coefficients; Filon integration; Filon quadrature; Fourier; Fourier integrals; Fourier series; integration; numerical methods; quadrature; Richardson extrapolation; spline; splines (mathematics); subroutines", oldlabel = "Einarsson72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Einarsson72a", } @Article{Johnson:1972:RAI, author = "Stephen C. Johnson and Brian W. Kernighan", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 397}: An integer programming problem''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "469--469", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#JohnsonK72", note = "See \cite{Chang:1970:AAI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "acm; cacm; change making problem; integer programming; subroutines", oldlabel = "JohnsonK72", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JohnsonK72", } @Article{Kandel:1972:CSV, author = "Abraham Kandel", title = "Computer Science --- {A} Vicious Circle", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "470--471", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kandel72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "New Mexico Inst. Mining and Technol., Socorro, NM, USA", keywords = "computer engineering; computer personnel; computer science curriculum; education; personnel; systems design", oldlabel = "Kandel72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kandel72", } @Article{Koffman:1972:IIG, author = "Elliot B. Koffman", title = "Individualizing instruction in a generative {CAI} tutor", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "472--473", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Koffman72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)", corpsource = "Univ. Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA", keywords = "adaptive instruction; and sequential design; combinational; computer aided instruction; computer assisted instructions; education; generative CAI tutor; machine language programming", oldlabel = "Koffman72", treatment = "A Application; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Koffman72", } @Article{Houstis:1972:AAP, author = "E. N. Houstis and W. F. Mitchell and J. R. Rice", title = "{ACM Algorithm 438}: Product Type Two-point {Gauss--Legendre--Simpson}'s Integration", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "6", pages = "1071", month = jun, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Thu Sep 08 09:34:02 1994", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Revens:1972:FTF, author = "Lee Revens", title = "The first twenty-five years: {ACM} 1947--1962", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "485--490", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68-03", MRnumber = "52 16081", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Revens72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Revens72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Revens72", xxtitle = "The First Twenty-Five Years", xxtitle = "The first twenty-five years {ACM} 1947--1962", } @Article{Weiss:1972:PCI, author = "Eric A. Weiss", title = "Publications in Computing: An Informal Review", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "491--497", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68-03", MRnumber = "52 16083", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:05 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Weiss72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)", keywords = "digital computers; publications in computing; review", oldlabel = "Weiss72", treatment = "B Bibliography", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Weiss72", } @Article{Ralston:1972:NTY, author = "Anthony Ralston", title = "The Next Two Years ({ACM President}'s Letter)", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "499--500", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ralston72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Ralston72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ralston72", } @Article{Ershov:1972:AHF, author = "Andrei P. Ershov", title = "Aesthetics and the Human Factor in Programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "501--505", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:08 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ershov72", note = "See corrigendum \cite{Ershov:1972:CAH}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Novosibirsk Univ., USSR", keywords = "aesthetics; human factor; human factors; programming", oldlabel = "Ershov72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ershov72", } @Article{Probst:1972:ISI, author = "G. G. Probst and Robert S. Oelman and Sam Wyly and C. Lester Hogan and F. T. Cary and Gordon Bell and Donald P. Kircher", title = "As the Industry Sees It", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "506--517", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ProbstOWHCBK72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)", keywords = "digital computers; future of computers; industry", oldlabel = "ProbstOWHCBK72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ProbstOWHCBK72", } @Article{Arbib:1972:TAT, author = "Michael A. Arbib", title = "Toward an Automata Theory of Brains", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "521--527", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A25 (92A05)", MRnumber = "53 7131", MRreviewer = "Jill Humphries", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Arbib72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4220 (Automata theory)", corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA", keywords = "automata theory; brain models; brains", oldlabel = "Arbib72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Arbib72", } @Article{Manna:1972:FPA, author = "Zohar Manna and Jean Vuillemin", title = "Fix Point Approach to the Theory of Computation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "528--536", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05", MRnumber = "55 13859", MRreviewer = "Andrea Maggiolo-Schettini", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/semantics.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MannaV72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", abstract = "Following the fix point theory of Scott, the semantics of computer programs are defined in terms of the least fix points of recursive programs. This allows not only the justification of all existing verification techniques, but also their extension to the handling, in a uniform manner of various properties of computer programs, including correctness, termination, and equivalence.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "computation; computational induction; computational linguistics; correctness; equivalence; fixpoints; least; least fix points; program diagnostics; programming; recursive programs; semantics of computer programs; semantics of programming languages; termination; theory; verification techniques", oldlabel = "MannaV72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MannaV72", xxtitle = "Fixpoint Approach to the Theory of Computation", } @Article{Traub:1972:NMC, author = "J. F. Traub", title = "Numerical Mathematics and Computer Science", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "537--541", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65-03", MRnumber = "54 4031", MRreviewer = "R. H. Bartels", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:26:31 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Traub72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4100 (Numerical analysis)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "algorithms; computer science; foundations; numerical mathematics; numerical methods; reviews; synthesis and analysis", oldlabel = "Traub72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Traub72", } @Article{Shanno:1972:MSV, author = "David F. Shanno and Roman L. Weil", title = "Management science: a view from nonlinear programming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "542--549", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "90C10 (90C30)", MRnumber = "55 9970", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ShannoW72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada", keywords = "integer; management science; mathematical programming; nonlinear programming; reviews", oldlabel = "ShannoW72", treatment = "B Bibliography; G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ShannoW72", } @Article{Moses:1972:TGT, author = "Joel Moses", title = "Toward a General Theory of Special Functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "550--554", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "34-02 12H05", MRnumber = "53 3384", MRreviewer = "K. Okugawa", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Moses72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1100 (Mathematical techniques)", keywords = "general theory; mathematics; special functions", oldlabel = "Moses72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Moses72", } @Article{Foster:1972:VCA, author = "Caxton C. Foster", title = "A View of Computer Architecture", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "557--565", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Foster72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture)", corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA", keywords = "computer architecture; microcomputers; predict; reviews", oldlabel = "Foster72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Foster72", } @Article{Fraser:1972:IBC, author = "A. G. Fraser", title = "On the interface between computers and data communications systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "566--573", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fraser72", abstract = "Reproduced in Advances in Computer Commun., Chu,W.W (Ed.), (1974), 246-253.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5610 (Computer interfaces)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "computer interfaces; computers; data communication systems; data communications; interface; specifying", oldlabel = "Fraser72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fraser72", } @Article{BrinchHansen:1972:SM, author = "Per {Brinch Hansen}", title = "Structured Multiprogramming", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "574--578", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Object/Nierstrasz.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Os/os.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Hansen72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "This paper presents a proposal for structured representation of multiprogramming in a high level language. Shared variables are introduced, and their role in `critical regions (denoted by the structured statement region var do Statement)' is discussed. A synchronization primitive `await Boolean' delays a process until the components of a shared variable satisfy the boolean expression. For explicit control of the scheduling of resources, an event queue is associated with a shared variable, and two procedures await (event) (leave a critical region associated with the shared variable and join the event queue) and cause (event) (enable all processes in the event queue to reenter their critical regions) are provided, which can control process scheduling to any degree desired.", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA", keywords = "concurrency; critical regions; event variables; high level; language; multiprogramming; operating systems; structured multiprogramming", oldlabel = "Hansen72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hansen72", } @Article{Lynch:1972:OSP, author = "William C. Lynch", title = "Operating System Performance", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "579--585", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Lynch72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Case Western Res. Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA", keywords = "computer; model; operating system performance; operating systems (computers); reviews; systems; total system", oldlabel = "Lynch72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lynch72", } @Article{Kimbleton:1972:RCS, author = "Stephen R. Kimbleton", title = "The role of computer system models in performance evaluation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "586--590", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kimbleton72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management); C1220 (Simulation, modelling and identification); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "UNIV. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", keywords = "computer selection and evaluation; computer system models; evaluation; modelling; operating; operating systems; performance; systems (computers)", oldlabel = "Kimbleton72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kimbleton72", } @Article{Rosen:1972:PSL, author = "Saul Rosen", title = "Programming Systems and Languages (1965--1975)", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "591--600", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:00 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Rosen72", abstract = "In spite of impressive gains by PL/I, Fortran and Cobol remain the languages in which most of the world's production programs are written and will remain so into the foreseeable future. There is a great deal of theoretical interest in Algol 68 and in extensible languages, but so far at least they have had little practical impact. Problem-oriented languages may very well become the most important language development area in the next five to ten years.\par In the operating system area all major computer manufacturers set out to produce very ambitious multiprogramming systems, and they all ran into similar problems. A number of university projects,though not directly comparable to those of the manufacturers, have contributed greatly to a better understanding of operating system principles. Important trends include the increased interest in the development of system measurement and evaluation techniques,and increased use of microprogramming for some programming system functions.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA", keywords = "history; languages; microprogramming; multiprogramming; operating system; operating systems; operating systems (computers); problem oriented languages; programming; programming systems; reviews", oldlabel = "Rosen72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rosen72", } @Article{Sammet:1972:PLH, author = "Jean E. Sammet", title = "Programming Languages: History and Future", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "601--610", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:22 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sammet72", abstract = "This paper discusses both the history and future of programming languages (= higher level languages). \par Some of the difficulties in writing such a history are indicated. A key part of the paper is a tree showing the chronological development of languages and their interrelationships. Reasons for the proliferation of languages are given. The major languages are listed with the reasons for their importance. A section on chronology indicates the happenings of the significant previous time periods and the major topics of 1972. Key concepts other than specific languages are discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages)", corpsource = "IBM Corp., Cambridge, MA, USA", keywords = "chronological; development; future; future directions; higher level languages; history; language interrelationships; languages; programming language future; programming language history; programming language tree; programming languages; reviews", oldlabel = "Sammet72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sammet72", } @Article{Fosdick:1972:PBM, author = "Lloyd D. Fosdick", title = "The Production of Better Mathematical Software", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "611--617", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fosdick72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Univ. Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA", keywords = "computer software; mathematical software; mathematics; production; programming", oldlabel = "Fosdick72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fosdick72", } @Article{Bobrow:1972:RAP, author = "Daniel G. Bobrow", title = "Requirements for Advanced Programming Systems for List Processing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "618--627", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/lisp.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bobrow72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Xerox, Palo Alto, CA, USA", keywords = "advanced programming systems; list processing; requirements", oldlabel = "Bobrow72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bobrow72", } @Article{Bachman:1972:ESS, author = "Charles W. Bachman", title = "The Evolution of Storage Structures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "628--634", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bachman72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Good overview of basic definitions and their relationships", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems, Billerica, MA, USA", keywords = "data base management systems; Data Structure Diagram graphic technique; data structures; evolution; storage management; storage structures", oldlabel = "Bachman72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bachman72", } @Article{Rice:1972:PFS, author = "John R. Rice", title = "On the Present and Future of Scientific Computation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "637--639", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:53 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Rice72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7320 (Physics and chemistry computing); C7490 (Computing in other engineering fields)", corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA", keywords = "engineering applications of computers; future; natural sciences; physical sciences; physics; present; scientific computation", oldlabel = "Rice72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rice72", } @Article{Benjamin:1972:GPI, author = "Robert I. Benjamin", title = "A generational perspective of information system development", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "640--643", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:50 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Benjamin72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7100 (Business and administration)", corpsource = "Xerox Corp., Rochester, NY, USA", keywords = "computing milieu; generational perspective; information system development; management data processing; management information systems", oldlabel = "Benjamin72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Benjamin72", } @Article{Sedelow:1972:LAH, author = "Sally Yeates Sedelow", title = "Language Analysis in the Humanities", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "644--647", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sedelow72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA", keywords = "concordances; humanities; indices; language analysis; language translation and linguistics; pattern generation; pattern recognition", oldlabel = "Sedelow72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sedelow72", } @Article{Zinn:1972:CIP, author = "Karl L. Zinn", title = "Computers in the instructional process: directions for research and development", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "648--651", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Zinn72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7810C (Computer-aided instruction)", corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", keywords = "computer aided instruction; computers; development; directions; education; instructional process; research and", oldlabel = "Zinn72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Zinn72", } @Article{Sturman:1972:CUS, author = "Gerald M. Sturman", title = "Computers and Urban Society", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "652--657", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sturman72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7000 (Computer applications); C7130 (Public administration)", corpsource = "Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade and Douglas Inc., NY, USA", keywords = "administrative data processing; brief survey; computers; engineering analysis; engineering applications of computers; government; information systems; sciences; social and behavioural; urban society; urban systems", oldlabel = "Sturman72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sturman72", } @Article{Salton:1972:DDP, author = "Gerard Salton", title = "Dynamic Document Processing", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "658--668", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Salton72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "automatic; automatic indexing; automatic search and; clustered files; collection growth; dynamic document; indexing; information; information retrieval; interactive user controlled search process; iterative searching; library automation; library mechanisation; processing; query modification; retrieval", oldlabel = "Salton72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salton72", } @Article{Knuth:1972:ABA, author = "Donald E. Knuth", title = "Ancient {Babylonian} algorithms", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "671--677", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRnumber = "52 13132", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:24 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Knuth72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery. See errata \cite{Knuth:1976:EAB}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1100 (Mathematical techniques)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "ancient Babylonian algorithms; Babylonian; computer science; history of computation; mathematics; origins of mathematics; sexagesimal number system; tablets", oldlabel = "Knuth72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knuth72", } @Article{Bauer:1972:PKZ, author = "Friedrich L. Bauer and H. W{\"o}ssner", title = "The {``Plankalk{\"u}l''} of {Konrad Zuse}: a forerunner of today's programming languages.", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "678--685", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05 (68-03)", MRnumber = "52 16093", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:57 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BauerW72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages)", corpsource = "Tech. Univ. M{\"u}nchen, West Germany", keywords = "history of; Konrad Zuse; languages; notational and conceptual system; Plankalkul; programming; programming languages; programming theory", oldlabel = "BauerW72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BauerW72", xxpages = "679--685", } @Article{Sprague:1972:WVC, author = "Richard E. Sprague", title = "A {Western} View of Computer History", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "686--692", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68-03", MRnumber = "52 16082", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sprague72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)", corpsource = "Litton ARS, Morristown, NJ, USA", keywords = "1945 to 1955; computer history; digital computers", oldlabel = "Sprague72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sprague72", } @Article{Alt:1972:ACR, author = "Franz L. Alt", title = "Archaeology of computers --- reminiscences, 1945--1947", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "693--694", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68-03", MRnumber = "52 16079", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:11 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Alt72", note = "Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Association for Computing Machinery", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5420 (Mainframes and minicomputers)", corpsource = "American Inst. Phys., NY, USA", keywords = "1945 to 1947; digital computers; ENIAC; history of computers; reminiscences; special purpose computers", oldlabel = "Alt72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Alt72", } @Article{Borodin:1972:CE, author = "Allan Borodin and C. C. Gotlieb", title = "Computers and Employment", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "7", pages = "695--702", month = jul, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:32 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BorodinG72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0200 (General computer topics)", corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada", keywords = "computers; economic and sociological effects; employment; social implications; unemployment", oldlabel = "BorodinG72", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BorodinG72", } @Article{Herriot:1972:MGF, author = "John G. Herriot", title = "In Memory of {George E. Forsythe}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "719--720", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "01A70", MRnumber = "52 7801", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:40 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Herrit72", note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E. Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Herrit72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Herrit72", xxauthor = "John G. Herrit", } @Article{Knuth:1972:GFD, author = "Donald E. Knuth", title = "{George Forsythe} and the development of Computer Science", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "721--726", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "01A70 (68-03)", MRnumber = "52 7802", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Knuth72a", note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E. Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Knuth72a", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knuth72a", } @Article{Crowe:1972:GPA, author = "David Crowe", title = "Generating Parsers for Affix Grammars", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "728--734", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A30", MRnumber = "53 4635", MRreviewer = "Ole Lehrmann Madsen", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Crowe72", note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E. Forsythe (ACM Student Competition Award Papers)}.", abstract = "Koster, the inventor of affix grammars, suggests a top-down scheme for parsing them, based on recursive procedures. This paper presents a bottom-up scheme for parsing them, based on an extension of Floyd Production Language (FPL). Included is an algorithm, similar to that of DeRemer's, for covering a large class of affix grammars into FPL. The paper discusses the applicabilities of the conversion algorithm and affix grammars in general, and some possible extensions to Koster's definition of affix grammars.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", classification = "721; 723", corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "affix grammars; algorithmic language processing; algorithmic languages; automata theory --- Grammars; bottom up; computer metatheory; grammars; parsers; syntax directed compiling; translator writing systems; two level grammars", oldlabel = "Crowe72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crowe72", } @Article{Helbig:1972:PRC, author = "Robert E. Helbig and Patrick K. Orr and Robert R. Roediger", title = "Political Redistricting by Computer", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "735--741", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HelbigOR72", abstract = "Criteria for acceptable redistricting are discussed, including population equality, compactness, contiguity, and preservation of natural and\slash or political boundaries. Only nonpartisan criteria are considered. Using 1970 Bureau of Census population data, specific results are given for the ten Congressional Districts in the state of Missouri and for the seven St. Louis county Council seats. Results from the use of the algorithm indicate the feasibility of political redistricting with the aid of a computer.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7810 (Social and behavioural sciences computing)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "algorithm; compactness; computer; contiguity; data processing, business; equal population; legislative districts; political redistricting; reapportionment; social and behavioural sciences; transportation", oldlabel = "HelbigOR72", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HelbigOR72", } @Article{Benjamin:1972:EES, author = "Arthur J. Benjamin", title = "Extensible Editor for a Small Machine with Disk Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "742--747", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:50 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Benjamin72a", abstract = "A design philosophy for developing a sophisticated utility program is illustrated by the actual design and implementation of a text editor. A versatile data structure is employed so that only a small number of programmed subroutines are necessary for all types of data manipulation. Such a data structure is described, and its merits are illustrated by the ease with which powerful extensions can be implemented in terms of a few basic editing functions.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150E (General utility programs)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "collection; command; computer programming --- Macros; computer systems programming --- Supervisory and Executive Programs; context searching; data processing; data storage, magnetic --- Disk Storage; data structures; design; disc storage; executive program; extensible editor; garbage; interpreter; list processing; macro language; paging; parameter substitution; philosophy; processing; programs; recursion; small machine; state table; storage allocation; string manipulation; text editing; text editor; utility; utility program; virtual memory", oldlabel = "Benjamin72a", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Benjamin72a", } @Article{Rosin:1972:ERM, author = "Robert F. Rosin and Gideon Frieder and Richard H. {Eckhouse, Jr.}", title = "Environment for Research in Microprogramming and Emulation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "748--760", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#RosinFE72", abstract = "The development of the research project in microprogramming and emulation at State University of New York at Buffalo consisted of three phases: the evaluation of various possible machines to support this research; the decision to purchase one such machine, which appears to be superior to the others considered; and the organization and definition of goals for each group in the project. Each of these phases is reported, with emphasis placed on the early results achieved in this research.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C7430 (Computer engineering)", classification = "722; 723", corpsource = "State Univ. New York, Buffalo, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer architecture; computer systems; computer systems, digital; emulation; engineering applications of computers; environment for research; hardware evaluation; language processors; management; microprogramming; nanoprogram; project; simulation", oldlabel = "RosinFE72", treatment = "X Experimental", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RosinFE72", } @Article{Oden:1972:MMC, author = "P. H. Oden and Gerald S. Shedler", title = "A Model of Memory Contention in a Paging Machine", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "761--771", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A50", MRnumber = "55 13903", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#OdenS72", note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E. Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).", abstract = "In the model presented, the number of page-frames of main memory allocated to a problem program varies in time. These changes in memory configuration are represented explicitly in the model, CPU requirements and page exception characteristics of program material being described statistically. Expressions for the distribution of the number of page-frames allocated to an executing program, the long run expected fraction of a program's execution time in a given number of page-frames, and the average execution interval of the multiprogrammed load are obtained. It is pointed out heuristically and demonstrated numerically that an increase is obtainable in the average execution interval of the multiprogrammed load over that resulting from equal fixed partitioning of main memory.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer operating systems; demand paging; file organisation; management; memory; memory contention; modelling; multiprogrammed; operating; paging machines; probability --- Queueing Theory; queuing analysis; storage; storage allocation; systems studies", oldlabel = "OdenS72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/OdenS72", } @Article{Bernstein:1972:CFM, author = "H. J. Bernstein and H. T. Gladwin", title = "Compiling fixed-point multiplications", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "772--772", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Brookhaven Nat. Lab., Upton, NY, USA", keywords = "compiling multiplications; digital arithmetic; fixed point arithmetic; programming", treatment = "P Practical", } @Article{vanderPoel:1972:CCS, author = "W. L. {van der Poel}", title = "Comment on the composition of semantics in {Algol 68}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "772--772", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Poel72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Technol. Delft, Netherlands", keywords = "ALGOL; ALGOL 68; composition of semantics; data; design; programming languages; programming primitives; recursive composition; structures", oldlabel = "Poel72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Poel72", } @Article{Bernstein:1972:CFP, author = "Herbert J. Bernstein", title = "Compiling Fixed-Point Multiplications", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "772--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:25:57 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Bernstein72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Bernstein72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bernstein72", } @Article{Morris:1972:BVW, author = "James H. {Morris, Jr.}", title = "A Bonus from {van Wijngaarden}'s Device", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "773--773", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/reynolds.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Morris72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", keywords = "ALGOL; ALGOL 60 programs; eliminate all labels; nonlocal transfers; procedure returns", oldlabel = "Morris72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris72", } @Article{Jones:1972:CAB, author = "Peter R. Jones", title = "Comment on Average Binary Search Length", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "774--774", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Jones72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "binary searching; data handling; record retrieval; search length", oldlabel = "Jones72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Jones72", } @Article{Read:1972:NGR, author = "Ronald C. Read and K. Harada", title = "A Note on the Generation of Rosary Permutations. With a Response by {K. Harada}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "775--775", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A10", MRnumber = "53 9706", MRreviewer = "Dennis White", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Read72", note = "Collection of articles in honor of {George E. Forsythe} ({ACM} Student Competition Award Papers).", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Univ. Waterloo, Ont., Canada", keywords = "associating an integer; combinatorial mathematics; generation; rosary permutations", oldlabel = "Read72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Read72", } @Article{Squire:1972:AAL, author = "W. Squire", title = "{ACM Algorithm 429}: Localization of the Roots of a Polynomial [{C2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "776--777", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Squire72", note = "See \cite{Williams:1973:RAL,Driessen:1973:RAL}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Squire72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Squire72", } @Article{Purdom:1972:AAI, author = "Paul Walton {Purdom, Jr.} and Edward F. Moore", title = "{ACM Algorithm 430}: Immediate Predominators in a Directed Graph [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "8", pages = "777--778", month = aug, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:11 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#PurdomM72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "PurdomM72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PurdomM72", } @Article{Levitt:1972:CAS, author = "Karl N. Levitt and William H. Kautz", title = "Cellular Arrays for the Solution of Graph Problems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "789--801", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:39 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#LevittK72", abstract = "Several parallelized algorithms are presented for the solution of certain spanning tree, distance, and path problems, with direct applications to wire routing, PERT chart analysis, and the analysis of many types of networks. These algorithms exhibit a computation time that in many cases grows at a rate not exceeding log//2 n, where n is the number of nodes in the graph. Straightforward cellular implementations of the well-known serial algorithms for these problems require about n steps, and noncellular implementations require from n**2 to n**3 steps.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5420 (Mainframes and minicomputers); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", classification = "722; 723", corpsource = "Stanford Res. Inst., Menlo Park, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "cellular arrays; data storage, digital; graph problems; graph theory; mathematical techniques --- Graph Theory; special purpose computers", oldlabel = "LevittK72", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LevittK72", } @Article{Ghosh:1972:FOC, author = "Sakti P. Ghosh", title = "File Organization --- The Consecutive Retrieval Property", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "802--808", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ghosh72", abstract = "Some important theorems on the consecutive retrieval property are proved. Conditions under which the consecutive retrieval property exists and remain invariant have been established. An outline for designing an information retrieval system based on the consecutive retrieval property is discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "721; 723", corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "consecutive; consecutive retrieval; data processing; file organisation; file organization; information retrieval; information retrieval system; information retrieval systems; minimum access; query structure; record; storage; storage on tapes; storage space; structure; time", oldlabel = "Ghosh72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ghosh72", } @Article{Mor:1972:NAA, author = "Moshe Mor and T. Lamdan", title = "A New Approach to Automatic Scanning of Contour Maps", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "809--812", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/imager/imager.75.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MorL72", abstract = "The structure of a general contour map is analyzed, and its topological properties are utilized in developing a new scanning algorithm. The problem of detection and recognition of contour lines is solved by a two color labeling method. It is shown that for maps containing normal contour lines only, it suffices to distinguish between so-called ``even'' and ``odd'' lines. The ``tangency problem'' involved in practical scanning is discussed, and a solution base on minimizing computer memory space and simplifying control program is suggested.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Israeli Min. Defense, Tel-Aviv, Israel", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automatic scanning; cartography; computer graphics; contour maps; data handling; digitizing; image processing; topology", oldlabel = "MorL72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MorL72", } @Article{Richman:1972:AEA, author = "Paul L. Richman", title = "Automatic Error Analysis for Determining Precision", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "813--817", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65G05", MRnumber = "47 2808", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Richman72", abstract = "The problem considered is that of evaluating a rational expression to within any desired tolerance on a computer which performs variable-precision floating-point arithmetic operations. An automatic error analysis technique is given for determining, directly from the results of a trial low-precision interval arithmetic calculation, just how much precision and data accuracy are required to achieve a desired final accuracy. The technique given generalize easily to the evaluation of many nonrational expressions.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290B (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", classification = "921", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Denver, CO, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automatic error analysis; control; digital arithmetic; error analysis; floating point arithmetic; interval arithmetic; mathematical techniques; precision; precision control", oldlabel = "Richman72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Richman72", } @Article{Ravindran:1972:AAC, author = "Arunachalam Ravindran", title = "{ACM Algorithm 431}: {A} Computer Routine for Quadratic and Linear Programming Problems [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "818--820", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:08 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ravindran72", note = "See remark \cite{Ravindran:1974:RAC,Proll:1974:RAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Ravindran72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ravindran72", } @Article{Bartels:1972:AAS, author = "Richard H. Bartels and G. W. Stewart", title = "{ACM Algorithm 432}: Solution of the Matrix Equation {\boldmath {$AX+XB=C$}} [{F4}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "820--826", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:37 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/par.lin.alg.bib; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BartelsS72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, keywords = "linear algebra; linear equations; matrices", kwds = "nla, Schur form, Sylvester equation, Lyapunov equation, matrix equation", oldlabel = "BartelsS72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BartelsS72", } @Article{Deutsch:1972:TAR, author = "Edward S. Deutsch", title = "Thinning Algorithms on Rectangular, Hexagonal, and Triangular Arrays", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "827--837", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:35:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Deutsch72", abstract = "Three thinning algorithms are developed: one each for use with rectangular, hexagonal, and triangular arrays. The approach to the development of each algorithm is the same. Pictorial results produced by each of the algorithms are presented and the relative performances of the algorithms are compared. It is found that the algorithm operating with the triangular array is the most sensitive to image irregularities and noise, yet it will yield a thinned image with an overall reduced number of points. It is concluded that the algorithm operating in conjunction with the hexagonal array has features which strike a balance between those of the other two arrays.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "accurate floating-point summation; comparison; digital arithmetic; error; error propagation; floating point summation methods; truncation", oldlabel = "Deutsch72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Deutsch72", } @Article{Gregory:1972:CFP, author = "James Gregory", title = "A Comparison of Floating Point Summation Methods", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "838--838", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:46:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://garbo.uwasa.fi/pc/doc-soft/fpbibl18.zip and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Gregory72", acknowledgement = ack-nj # " and " # ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Argonne Nat. Lab., IL, USA", descriptors = "Simulation; statistics; numeric calculation;", keywords = "comparison; digital arithmetic; error; error propagation; floating point summation methods; truncation", oldlabel = "Gregory72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gregory72", } @Article{Khalil:1972:EBT, author = "Hatem M. Khalil", title = "The Eigenproblem of Block Tridiagonal Matrices", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "839--839", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "839.65F15", MRnumber = "47 2802", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Khalil72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra)", corpsource = "Univ. Delaware, Newark, DE, USA", keywords = "block tridiagonal matrices; eigenvalues; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; eigenvalues and eigenvectors; eigenvectors; linear algebra; matrix algebra; partial differential equations", oldlabel = "Khalil72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Khalil72", } @Article{Parnas:1972:CDP, author = "David Lorge Parnas and A. Nico Habermann and R. C. Holt", title = "Comment on Deadlock Prevention Method", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "840--841", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ParnasH72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", keywords = "deadlock; deadlock prevention method; deadly embrace; interlock; knotting; lockout; multiprogramming; resource allocation; scheduling; time sharing; time-sharing; time-sharing systems", oldlabel = "ParnasH72", treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ParnasH72", xxauthor = "David Lorge Parnas and A. Nico Habermann", xxauthor = "D. L. Parnas and A. N. Habermann and R. C. Holt", } @Article{Rubinstein:1972:CBT, author = "Richard Rubinstein and Julian Feldman", title = "A controller for a {Braille} terminal", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "841--842", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#RubinsteinF72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C5610 (Computer interfaces)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Irvine, CA, USA", keywords = "blind programming aid; braille; computer interfaces; computer peripheral equipment; computer terminal; controller; tactile terminal; terminal", oldlabel = "RubinsteinF72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RubinsteinF72", } @Article{Tan:1972:FIS, author = "K. C. Tan", title = "On {Foster}'s Information Storage and Retrieval Using {AVL} Trees", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "9", pages = "843--843", month = sep, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Tan72", note = "See C. C. Foster, Proc. ACM 20th National Conference, pp. 192--205 (1965).", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA", keywords = "(mathematical); AVL trees; binary trees; file organisation; information retrieval; information storage; search trees; trees", oldlabel = "Tan72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Tan72", } @Article{Dijkstra:1972:HP, author = "Edsger W. Dijkstra", title = "The Humble Programmer", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "859--866", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/355604.361591", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dijkstra72", abstract = "We shall do a much better programming job, provided that we approach the task with a full appreciation if its tremendous difficulty, provided that we stick to modest and elegant programming languages, provided that we respect the intrinsic limitations of the human mind and approach the task as Very Humble Programmers.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Dijkstra72", remark = "This is the 1972 ACM Turing Award Lecture. John McCarthy's 1971 ACM Turing Award lecture was not published until 1987.", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dijkstra72", } @Article{Morris:1972:DPT, author = "James B. Morris", title = "Demand Paging Through Utilization of Working Sets on the {Maniac II}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "867--872", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:05 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Morris72a", abstract = "A hardware implementation on the Maniac II computer of the working set model for demand paging, as introduced by Denning, is discussed. characteristics of the Maniac II are given, along with a description of the basic demand paging scheme and the associative memory which has been added to the Maniac II hardware. A description of the hardware design for implementation of the working set model is discussed and a specification of the actions taken under various conditions which may arise during the operation of the full working set model, demand paging system is given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Alamos, NM, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "associative memory; associative storage; computer architecture; computer operating systems; data storage, digital; demand paging; dynamic storage allocation; file; hardware implementation; MANIAC II; model; organisation; storage allocation; storage management; utilization of working sets; virtual memory; working set", oldlabel = "Morris72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris72a", } @Article{Ahrens:1972:CMS, author = "Joachim H. Ahrens and Ulrich Dieter", title = "Computer Methods for Sampling from the Exponential and Normal Distributions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "873--882", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65C10", MRnumber = "49 1728", MRreviewer = "V. Dupac", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1972.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#AhrensD72", abstract = "Various methods are known for transforming uniformly distributed random numbers into exponentially and normally distributed quantities. The most efficient ones are compared, in terms of memory requirements and speed, with some new algorithms. A number of procedures convert Taylor series expansions directly into sampling steps, an approach which may be used for sampling from any continuous distribution. For the exponential distribution a definite recommendation can be made, whereas in the case of the normal distribution there remains a choice between slower and shorter algorithms and faster but space consuming methods.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", classification = "913; 922", corpsource = "Nova Scotia Tech. Coll., Halifax, NS, Canada", country = "USA", descriptors = "RVG;", enum = "6926", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer aided sampling; computer methods; distributed random numbers; distributions; exponential; normal distributions; random number generation; sampled data systems; sampling; sampling steps; uniformly", language = "English", oldlabel = "AhrensD72", references = "0", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AhrensD72", } @Article{Hanson:1972:IEI, author = "Richard J. Hanson", title = "Integral Equations of Immunology", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "883--890", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65R05", MRnumber = "48 10166", MRreviewer = "S. Malon", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Hanson72", abstract = "The inversion of a particular integral equation of the first (Fredholm) kind is the basic problem considered. The strategy which yielded success consisted of three essential points: (1) fit the known experimental data by a curve with properties which derive from properties of the (as yet unknown) function; (2) stabilize the computation for the unknown function by using singular value decomposition; (3) constrain the unknown function approximation (since it represents a probability distribution) to be nonnegative. \par A number of test cases are presented. One set of actual experimental data is analyzed with the procedures presented.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290R (Integral equations); C4180 (Integral equations)", classification = "461; 921", corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "biomedical engineering; curve fitting; decomposition; experimental data; first kind; immunology; integral equation of; integral equations; integral equations of the first kind; inversion; mathematical techniques; medicine; nonnegative constraints; numerical methods; singular value; singular value analysis", oldlabel = "Hanson72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hanson72", } @Article{Simmons:1972:GED, author = "Robert F. Simmons and Jonathan Slocum", title = "Generating {English} Discourse from Semantic Networks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "891--905", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:47 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/lisp.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#SimmonsS72", abstract = "A system is described for generating English sentences from a form of semantic nets in which the nodes are word-sense meanings and the paths are primarily deep case relations. The grammar used by the system is in the form of a network that imposes an ordering on a set of syntactic transformations that are expressed as LISP functions. The generation algorithm uses the information in the semantic network to select appropriate generation paths through the grammar. The system is designed for use as a computational tool that allows a linguist to develop and study methods for generating surface strings from an underlying semantic structure. Initial findings with regard to form determiners such as voice, form, tense, and mood, some rules for embedding sentences, and some attention to pronominal substitution are reported. The system is programmed in LISP 1.5 and is available from the authors.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", classification = "721; 723; 901", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automata theory; computer applications; computer programming languages --- lisp; data processing --- Humanities Applications; deep case relations; English sentence generation; information science --- Language Translation and Linguistics; language translation and linguistics; LISP functions; semantic generation; semantic networks", oldlabel = "SimmonsS72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SimmonsS72", xxauthor = "Reid G. Simmons and Jonathan Slocum", } @Article{Dathe:1972:CDT, author = "Gert Dathe", title = "Conversion of Decision Tables by Rule Mask Method without Rule Mask", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "906--909", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Dathe72", abstract = "Two algorithms for generating computer programs from decision tables are described. The algorithms allow handling limited entry, extended entry, and mixed entry tables. The algorithms are based on the rule mask method but need not have the masks at execution time. They perform the logical operations immediately rather than at the end of the interpreting process. Execution time can be considerably reduced by instantly marking rules which are not applicable or conditions which are already tested. The new algorithms combine to a certain degree the advantages of mask methods with those of tree methods.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Software AG, Darmstadt, West Germany", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming; conversion; decision tables; mask; program generation; program processors; rule mask method without rule", oldlabel = "Dathe72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Dathe72", } @Article{Frazer:1972:SNS, author = "W. D. Frazer and C. K. Wong", title = "Sorting by Natural Selection", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "910--913", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:39 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#FrazerW72", abstract = "A family of sorting algorithms is proposed, the members of which make fuller use of the memory space and thus yield longer sorted strings. Extensive simulation results are presented, and various implications and further applications are discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", classification = "723", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J.Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "CACM; computer programming --- Subroutines; computer systems programming; natural selection; sorting", oldlabel = "FrazerW72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FrazerW72", } @Article{Ershov:1972:CAH, author = "A. P. Ershov", title = "Corrigendum: {``Aesthetics and the Human Factor in Programming''}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "913--913", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Sat Jan 18 14:08:57 1997", note = "See \cite{Ershov:1972:AHF}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Akima:1972:AAI, author = "Hiroshi Akima", title = "{ACM Algorithm 433}: Interpolation and Smooth Curve Fitting Based on Local Procedures [{E2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "914--918", month = oct, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:20:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Akima72", note = "See also \cite{Anderson:1976:RIS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Akima72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Akima72", } @Article{Robertson:1972:RAT, author = "J. Douglas Robertson", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 398}: Tableless Date Conversion''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "10", pages = "918--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Robertson72", note = "See \cite{Stone:1970:AAT}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Robertson72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Robertson72", } @Article{Fox:1972:CSC, author = "Phyllis Fox", title = "Comparative Study of Computer Programs for Integrating Differential Equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "941--948", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:33 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fox72", abstract = "The integration methods represented include multistep methods (predictor-correctors), single-step methods (Runge--Kutta) and extrapolation methods (both polynomial and rational). The testing procedure is described together with the evaluation criteria applied. A set of test problems on which the programs were tested is included in appendix. For the particular problems and criteria used in the investigation it was found that a program based on rational extrapolation showed the best performance.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential equations)", classification = "723; 921", corpsource = "Newark Coll. Engng., NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "comparative study; computer programming; computer programs; differential; differential equations; equations; extrapolation methods; integration methods; mathematical techniques --- Differential Equations; mathematical techniques --- Integration; predictor-corrector methods", oldlabel = "Fox72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fox72", } @Article{Malcolm:1972:ARP, author = "Michael A. Malcolm", title = "Algorithms to Reveal Properties of Floating-Point Arithmetic", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "949--951", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Malcolm72", note = "See also \cite{Gentleman:1974:MAR}.", abstract = "Two algorithms are presented in the form of Fortran subroutines. Each subroutine computes the radix and number of digits of the floating-point numbers and whether rounding or chopping is done by the machine on which it is run. The methods are shown to work on any ``reasonable'' floating-point computer.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "chopping; computer programming; computer programming languages --- Fortran; digital arithmetic; digits; floating point arithmetic; Fortran subroutines; mathematical techniques --- Digital Arithmetic; number of; properties; radix; rounding", oldlabel = "Malcolm72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Malcolm72", } @Article{Patrick:1972:HPA, author = "Merrell L. Patrick", title = "A Highly Parallel Algorithm for Approximating All Zeros of a Polynomial with Only Real Zeros", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "952--955", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65H05", MRnumber = "48 1455", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Patrick72", abstract = "An algorithm is described based on Newton's method which simultaneously approximates all zeros of a polynomial with only real zeros. The algorithm, which is conceptually suitable for parallel computation, determines its own starting values so that convergence to the zeros is guaranteed. Multiple zeros and their multiplicity are readily determined. At no point in the method is polynomial deflation used.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation); C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", classification = "723; 921", corpsource = "Duke Univ., Durham, NC, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "approximation with real zeros; computer programming; function approximation; guaranteed convergence; highly; mathematical techniques --- Poles and Zeros; mathematical techniques --- Polynomials; multiple zeros; Newton's method; parallel algorithm; parallel numerical algorithms; poles and zeros; polynomial zeros; polynomials; real polynomials; real zeros; starting values", oldlabel = "Patrick72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Patrick72", } @Article{Ledgard:1972:MTC, author = "Henry F. Ledgard", title = "Model for Type Checking --- with an Application to {Algol 60}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "956--966", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:05 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Ledgard72", abstract = "This paper attempts to isolate the notion of type checking and presents a partial solution to the type checking problem based on the notions of abstraction and application of functions. A program is mapped into an expression within a decidable subset of the lambda-calculus, which characterizes the type relations within the program and eliminates all other information. The determination of the type-wise correctness or incorrectness of the program is resolved by reducing its corresponding lambda-calculus expression to one of two normal forms, the constant ``correct'' for a type-wise correct program or the constant ``error.'' An application to type checking in Algol 60 is made, and the attendant problems faced for any notion of type checking are discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "abstraction; ALGOL; ALGOL 60; application of functions; compilation; computer programming languages; execution; lambda calculus; model; program compilers; type checking", oldlabel = "Ledgard72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ledgard72", } @Article{Henderson:1972:DSS, author = "Peter B. Henderson", title = "Derived Semantics for Some Programming Language Constructs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "967--973", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Henderson72", abstract = "The constructs of a simple programming language are introduced and described informally in terms of values and side-effects. a translator is defined which translates the language into flowcharts for a simple machine. The action of the machine in executing a flowchart is defined. A proof is constructed that the effect of translating and executing any program can be expressed solely in terms of the value and side-effect of the program. during the course of constructing the proof, formal definitions of the concepts of value and side-effect are derived in order to make the proof rigorous. Correctness of the implementation involves checking that the definitions derived in the step above are an acceptable formalization of the informal description given in the first step.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming languages; constructs; derived semantics; flowcharts; lambda calculus; programming language; programming theory; side effects; translator; values", oldlabel = "Henderson72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Henderson72", } @Article{Verhelst:1972:CLE, author = "M. Verhelst", title = "The Conversion of Limited-Entry Decision Tables to Optimal and Near-Optimal Flowcharts: Two New Algorithms", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "974--980", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Verhelst72", abstract = "The algorithms are first derived for treating decision tables not containing an ELSE-rule, but the optimum-approaching algorithm is shown to be equally valid for tables including such a rule. Both algorithms are compared with existing ones and are applied to a somewhat large decision table derived from a real case.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Louvain, Belgium", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "algorithm; computer programming --- Subroutines; computer programming languages; conversion; decision tables; flowcharting; limited entry decision tables; minimum execution time; near; optimal flowcharts; optimisation; optimum approaching algorithm; optimum finding", oldlabel = "Verhelst72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Verhelst72", } @Article{Baecker:1972:GCV, author = "H. D. Baecker", title = "Garbage Collection for Virtual Memory Computer Systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "981--986", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Baecker72", abstract = "In list processing there is typically a growing demand for space during program execution. This paper examines the practical implications of this growth within a virtual memory computer system, proposes two new garbage collection techniques for virtual memory systems, and compares them with traditional methods by discussion and by simulation.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer operating systems --- Storage Allocation; computer programming languages; data storage, digital; file organisation; garbage collection; list; paging; processing; segmentation; storage allocation; storage management; virtual memory; virtual memory computer systems", oldlabel = "Baecker72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Baecker72", } @Article{Ramberg:1972:AMG, author = "John S. Ramberg and Bruce W. Schmeiser", title = "Approximate Method for Generating Symmetric Random Variables", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "987--990", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#RambergS72", abstract = "A method for generating values of continuous symmetric random variables that is relatively fast, requires essentially no computer memory, and is easy to use is developed. The method, which uses a uniform zero-one random number source, is based on the inverse function of the lambda distribution of Tukey. Since it approximates many of the continuous theoretical distributions and empirical distributions frequently used in simulations, the method should be useful to simulation practitioners.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", classification = "922", corpsource = "Univ. Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "approximate method; inverse function; lambda distribution of Tukey; mathematical models; mathematical statistics; random number generation; random number source; simulation; symmetric random variable generation; uniform zero one", oldlabel = "RambergS72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RambergS72", } @Article{March:1972:AAE, author = "David L. March", title = "{ACM Algorithm 434}: Exact Probabilities for ${R\times{C}}$ Contingency Tables [{G2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "991--992", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:41 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#March72", note = "See remark \cite{Boulton:1974:RAE,Hancock:1975:RAE,Boulton:1976:REP}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "March72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/March72", } @Article{Fullerton:1972:AAM, author = "Wayne Fullerton", title = "{ACM Algorithm 435}: Modified Incomplete Gamma Function [{S14}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "993--995", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Fullerton72", note = "See also \cite{Schoene:1978:RMI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Fullerton72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fullerton72", } @Article{Lum:1972:ARK, author = "Vincent Y. Lum and P. S. T. Yuen", title = "Additional results on key-to-address transform techniques: a fundamental performance study on large existing formatted files", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "996--997", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:17 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#LumY72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "IBM Res. Lab., San Jose, CA, USA", keywords = "file; file organisation; fundamental performance; hash coding; key to address transform techniques; large existing formatted files; organization; study", oldlabel = "LumY72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LumY72", } @Article{Kennedy:1972:NOD, author = "Steve Kennedy", title = "A Note on Optimal Doubly-Chained Trees", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "997--998", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Kennedy72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "California Inst. Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA", keywords = "binary search; file organisation; file searching; optimal doubly chained trees; tree; trees (mathematical)", oldlabel = "Kennedy72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kennedy72", } @Article{Eisenberg:1972:FCD, author = "Murray A. Eisenberg and Michael R. McGuire", title = "Further comments on {Dijkstra}'s concurrent programming control problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "999--999", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#EisenbergM72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", keywords = "critical; Dijkstra's concurrent programming control problem; multiprocessing; multiprocessing programs; section", oldlabel = "EisenbergM72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/EisenbergM72", } @Article{Smoliar:1972:CMM, author = "Stephen W. Smoliar", title = "Comments on {Moorer's Music} and computer composition", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "11", pages = "1000--1001", month = nov, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:23:00 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Smoliar72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Tech. Israel Inst. Technol., Haifa, Israel", keywords = "artificial intelligence; computer composition; computer music; heuristic; humanities; programming", oldlabel = "Smoliar72", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Smoliar72", } @Article{Phillips:1972:DPA, author = "J. Richard Phillips and H. C. Adams", title = "Dynamic Partitioning for Array Languages", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1023--1032", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#PhillipsA72", abstract = "The classical process of partitioning an array into subarrays is extended to a more useful array language operation. Various modes of partitioning are defined for different types of arrays, so that subarrays may vary over the original array in a nearly arbitrary manner. These definitions are motivated with several realistic examples to illustrate the value of partitioning for array languages. Of general interest is the data structure for partitioning. This consists of dynamic tree structures which are used to derive and maintain the array control information. These are described in sufficient detail to be of value in the design of other array languages. The description presented in this paper is implemented in a new array language, OL/2, currently under development at the University of Illinois.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6140D (High level languages)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "array languages; array partitioning; computer programming languages; data processing --- Data Structures; data structure; data structures; dynamic partitioning; dynamic tree structures; OL/2; programming languages", oldlabel = "PhillipsA72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PhillipsA72", } @Article{Bayer:1972:IRM, author = "Rudolf Bayer and C. Witzgall", title = "Index Ranges for Matrix Calculi", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1033--1039", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BayerW72", abstract = "The paper describes a scheme for symbolic manipulation of index expressions which arise as a by-product of the symbolic manipulation of expressions in the matrix calculi described by the authors in a previous paper. This scheme attempts program optimization by transforming the original algorithm rather than the machine code. The goal is to automatically generate code for handling the tedious address calculations necessitated by complicated data structures. The paper is therefore preoccupied with ``indexing by position.'' The relationship of ``indexing by name'' and ``indexing by position'' is discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Boeing Sci. Res. Labs., Seattle, WA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "address calculations; algorithm; computer programming languages; data handling; data processing; data structures; expressions; index; index ranges; indexing by name; indexing by position; matrix algebra; matrix calculi; program optimization; symbolic manipulation; transformation", oldlabel = "BayerW72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BayerW72", } @Article{Earley:1972:MIC, author = "Jay Earley and Paul Caizergues", title = "Method for Incrementally Compiling Languages with Nested Statement Structure", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1040--1044", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:37:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#EarleyC72", abstract = "The method permits editing of the source language using a general purpose text editor, and incremental processing of changes without frequent recompilation of entire routines. The essential points of the method are: the syntax of the language is restricted insofar as which constructs may occur on lines; an internal data structure (called the skeleton) is maintained to represent the statement structure; the recompilation is partially batched in the sense that recompilation of modified lines does not occur until the last of a set of editing commands has been received; and the parsing and compilation are factored into two parts, that done on individual lines and that done globally to handle the relationships between the lines.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "ALGOL; computer operating systems --- Program Compilers; computer programming languages; data processing --- Data Structures; editor; general purpose text; incremental compilation; nested statement structure; PL/I; program compilers; programming languages; source language", oldlabel = "EarleyC72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/EarleyC72", } @Article{Luccio:1972:WIL, author = "Fabrizio Luccio", title = "Weighted Increment Linear Search for Scatter Tables", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1045--1047", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Luccio72", abstract = "A new linear search for hash tables whose increment step is a function of the key being addressed is presented. Comparisons with known methods are given, in terms of efficiency and computation complexity. In particular, the new method applies to tables of size n equals 2**r. It allows full table searching, and practically eliminates primary clustering at a very low cost.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Pisa, Italy", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "clustering; computer programming; hash; information retrieval systems; information searching techniques; scatter tables; table lookup; tables; weighted increment linear search", oldlabel = "Luccio72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Luccio72", } @Article{Barr:1972:CMN, author = "Donald R. Barr and Norman L. Sezak", title = "A Comparison of Multivariate Normal Generators", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1048--1049", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:32 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#BarrS72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", corpsource = "Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA", keywords = "comparison; covariance matrix; Gaussian random number generator; multivariate; multivariate normal generators; normal random vectors; random number generation; simulation; triangular factorization", oldlabel = "BarrS72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BarrS72", } @Article{Moore:1972:NMS, author = "John Moore and Prentiss Robinson", title = "New Method for the Solution of the {Cauchy} Problem for Parabolic Equations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1050--1052", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#MooreR72", abstract = "An integral equation representation is given for parabolic partial differential equations. When the equations are defined in unbounded domains, as in the initial value (Cauchy) problem, the solution of the integral equation by the method of successive approximation has inherent advantages over other methods. Error bounds for the method are of order h**3**/**2 and h**7**/**2 (h is the increment size) depending on the finite difference approximations involved.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential equations)", classification = "921", corpsource = "Univ. Newcastle, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "Cauchy problem; initial value problem; integral equation representation; mathematical techniques; parabolic; partial differential equations; successive approximation", oldlabel = "MooreR72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MooreR72", } @Article{Parnas:1972:CUD, author = "David Lorge Parnas", title = "On the Criteria To Be Used in Decomposing Systems into Modules", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1053--1058", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/softeng.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Parnas72a", abstract = "This paper discusses modularization as a mechanism for improving the flexibility and comprehensibility of a system while allowing the shortening of its development time. The effectiveness of a ``modularization'' is dependent upon the criteria used in dividing the system into modules. A system design problem presented and both a conventional and unconventional decomposition are described. It is shown that the unconventional decompositions have distinct advantages for the goals outlined. The criteria used in arriving at the decompositions are discussed. The unconventional decomposition, if implemented with the conventional assumption that a module consists of one or more subroutines, will be less efficient in most cases. An alternative approach to implementation which does not this effect is sketched.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "comprehensibility; computer programming; criteria; decomposition; flexibility; modularization; modules; programming; software engineering; systems", oldlabel = "Parnas72a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Parnas72a", } @Article{Brown:1972:LLP, author = "P. J. Brown", title = "Levels of Language for Portable Software", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1059--1062", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Brown72", abstract = "An increasing amount of software is being implemented in a portable form. A popular way of accomplishing this is to encode the software in a specially designed machine-independent language and then to map this language, often using a macro processor, into the assembly language of each desired object machine. The design of the machine-independent language is the key factor in this operation. This paper discusses the relative merits of pitching this language at a high level or a low level, and presents some comparative results.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Kent, Canterbury, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "assembly language; computer programming; levels of language; machine independent language; macro processor; portable software; procedure oriented languages", oldlabel = "Brown72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brown72", } @Article{Sherman:1972:TDM, author = "Stephen Sherman and Forest {Baskett III} and James C. Browne", title = "Trace-Driven Modeling and Analysis of {CPU} Scheduling in a Multiprogramming System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1063--1069", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#ShermanBB72", abstract = "The scheduling methods tested included the best possible and worst possible methods, the traditional methods of multiprogramming theory, round-robin, first-come-first-served, and dynamic predictors. The relative and absolute performances of these scheduling methods are given. It is concluded that a successful CPU scheduling method must be preemptive and must prevent a given job from holding the CPU for too long a period.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "analysis; computer systems programming; CPU scheduling; first come first served; microscopic level job stream data; modelling; multiprogramming; multiprogramming system; round robin; trace driven modelling", oldlabel = "ShermanBB72", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ShermanBB72", xxtitle = "Trace-Driven Modeling and Analysis of {CPU} Scheduling in Multiprogramming System", } @Article{Boland:1972:AAPa, author = "W. Robert Boland", title = "{ACM Algorithm 436}: Product Type Trapezoidal Integration", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1070--1070", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Boland72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72", } @Article{Boland:1972:AAPb, author = "W. Robert Boland", title = "{ACM Algorithm 437}: Product Type {Simpson}'s Integration [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1070--1071", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Boland72a", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72a", } @Article{Boland:1972:AAPc, author = "W. Robert Boland", title = "{ACM Algorithm 438}: Product Type Two-Point {Gauss--Legendre--Simpson}'s Integration [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1071--??", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72b", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Boland72b", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72b", xxpages = "1072", } @Article{Sullins:1972:CAP, author = "Walter L. Sullins", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 266}: Pseudo-Random Numbers [{G5}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1072--1073", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:02 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Sullins72", note = "See \cite{Pike:1965:AAP}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Sullins72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sullins72", } @Article{Boland:1972:AAPd, author = "W. Robert Boland", title = "{ACM Algorithm 439}: Product Type Three-point {Gauss--Legendre--Simpson}'s Integration [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1072--??", month = dec, year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:16 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72b; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Boland72c", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Boland72b; Boland72c", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72b; ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Boland72c", xxpages = "1071--??", } @Article{Hallet:1972:CAS, author = "P. Hallet and E. Mund", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 379}: Squank''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1073--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:00 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#HalletM72", note = "See \cite{Lyness:1970:AAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "HalletM72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HalletM72", } @Article{Schuegraf:1972:RAL, author = "Ernst Schuegraf", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 176}: Least Squares Surface Fit''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1073--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schuegraf72", note = "See \cite{Arthurs:1963:AAL}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Schuegraf72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schuegraf72", } @Article{Frisch:1972:RAR, author = "Michael J. Frisch", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithms 352, 385, 392}: Remarks on Characteristic Values and Associated Solutions of {Mathieu}'s Differential Equation, Exponential Integral, and Systems of Hyperbolic {P.D.E.}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1074--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:24 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Frisch72", note = "See \cite{Clemm:1969:AAC,Paciorek:1970:AAE,Smith:1970:AAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Frisch72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Frisch72", } @Article{Marshall:1972:RAD, author = "D. R. T. Marshall", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 394}: Decision Table Translation''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1074--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:53 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Marshall72", note = "See remark \cite{Dial:1970:AAD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Marshall72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Marshall72", } @Article{Schuegraf:1972:RAB, author = "Ernst Schuegraf", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 195}: {BANDSOLVE}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1074--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:59 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Schuegraf72a", note = "See \cite{Thurnau:1963:AAB}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Schuegraf72a", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Schuegraf72a", } @Article{Heiberger:1972:RAR, author = "Richard M. Heiberger", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 405}: Roots of Matrix Pencils''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "12", pages = "1075--??", year = "1972", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm15.html#Heiberger72", note = "See \cite{Dell:1971:AAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Heiberger72", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Heiberger72", } @Article{Denning:1973:CWM, author = "Peter J. Denning and Stuart C. Schwartz", title = "Corrigendum: ``{Properties of the working-set model}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "15", number = "2", pages = "191--198", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue May 28 11:37:15 1996", note = "See \cite{Denning:1972:PWS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, } @Article{Shedler:1973:QMM, author = "Gerald S. Shedler", title = "A Queuing Model of a Multiprogrammed Computer with a Two-Level Storage System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "3--10", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A50", MRnumber = "51 14680", MRreviewer = "K. Vairaran", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:20:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Shedler73", abstract = "The results are presented of an analysis of a probabilistic model of a multiprogrammed computer system with a two-level storage system in which there is sequential dependency of accesses between the devices. Expressions are obtained for the long-run probability that both the CPU and each of the storage devices are busy. Some numerical results are given which quantify the gains in CPU utilization obtainable by multiprogramming in the presence of this type of storage system.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4290 (Other computer theory)", classification = "723; 922", corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer systems programming --- Multiprogramming; data storage, digital; dependency of accesses; hierarchical index ses; hierarchical index sets; modelling; multiprogrammed computer; multiprogrammed computer system; multiprogramming; probability; queueing theory; queuing model; sequential; storage system; two level", oldlabel = "Shedler73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shedler73", } @Article{Bays:1973:RHC, author = "Carter Bays", title = "The Reallocation of Hash-Coded Tables", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "11--14", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:05 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bays73", abstract = "When the space allocation for a hash-coded table is altered, the table entries must be rescattered over the new space. A technique for accomplishing this rescattering is presented. The technique is independent of both the length of the table and the hashing function used, and can be utilized in conjunction with a linear reallocation of the table being rescattered. Moreover, it can be used to eliminate previously flagged deletions from any hash-coded table, or to change from one hashing method to another. The efficiency of the technique is discussed and theoretical statistics are given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Algorithm to handle increase or decrease within a direct access table containing entries.", classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer systems programming; data storage, digital; deletions; dynamic storage; hash code; programming; reallocation; scatter storage; storage allocation", oldlabel = "Bays73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bays73", } @Article{Morris:1973:PPL, author = "James H. {Morris, Jr.}", title = "Protection in Programming Languages", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "15--21", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:06:05 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Morris73", abstract = "Linguistic mechanisms which can be used to protect one subprogram from another's malfunctioning are described. Function-producing functions and various type-tagging schemes are considered. An attempt is made to distinguish between access limitation and authentication.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "access control; access keys; authentication; computer programming languages; environments; programming languages; protection; seals; secrecy; security of data; trademarks; types", oldlabel = "Morris73", treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morris73", } @Article{Muraoka:1973:TRS, author = "Yoichi Muraoka and David J. Kuck", title = "On the Time Required for a Sequence of Matrix Products", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "22--26", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A20", MRnumber = "51 2347", MRreviewer = "M. Tetruasvili", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:07:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MuraokaK73", abstract = "This paper discusses the multiplication of conformable sequences of row vectors, column vectors, and square matrices. The minimum time required to evaluate such products on ordinary serial computers as well as parallel computers is discussed. Algorithms are presented which properly parse such matrix sequences subject to the constraints of the machine organization.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming; computer programming languages; computers; digital arithmetic; matrix algebra; matrix expressions; matrix multiplication; operation minimization; parallel computers; parallel machine; parallel processing; sequence of matrix products; serial; time required", oldlabel = "MuraokaK73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MuraokaK73", } @Article{James:1973:ACP, author = "E. B. James and Derek P. Partridge", title = "Adaptive Correction of Program Statements", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "27--37", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:52:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#JamesP73", abstract = "A method of analyzing statements in a programming language which can tolerate a considerable inaccuracy in their specification is proposed. This method involves principles at present mainly confined to studies in the area of artificial intelligence such as feature extraction, approximate tree matching, and strategy improvement by feedback from the matching process. A pilot program incorporating the principles is described and preliminary operating results are presented. A final section surveys further principles which are currently being investigated.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Imperial Coll. Sci. and Technol., London, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "adaptive correction; artificial intelligence; automatic parsing; compiler; computer metatheory; computer programming languages; linguistic pattern matching; program statements; programming; programming languages; syntax analysis; theory", oldlabel = "JamesP73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/JamesP73", } @Article{Richman:1973:VPE, author = "Paul L. Richman", title = "Variable-Precision Exponentiation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "38--40", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D20", MRnumber = "51 4631", MRreviewer = "V. V. Ivanov", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:57 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Richman73", abstract = "A previous paper presented an efficient algorithm, called the Recomputation Algorithm, for evaluating a rational expression to within any desired tolerance on a computer which performs variable-precision arithmetic operations. The Recomputation Algorithm can be applied to expressions involving any variable-precision operations having $O(10^(-p) + \sum_i|E_i|)$ error bounds, where $p$ denotes the operation's precision and $E_i$ denotes the error in the operation's $i$-th argument. \par This paper presents an efficient variable-precision exponential operation with an error bound of the above order. Other operations such as log, sin, and cos, which have simple series expansions, can be handled similarly.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", classification = "723; 921", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Denver, CO, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming; digital arithmetic; error analysis; exponential function; exponentiation; interval arithmetic; mathematical programming; variable precision; variable-precision", oldlabel = "Richman73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Richman73", } @Article{Crawford:1973:RBS, author = "C. R. Crawford", title = "Reduction of a Band-Symmetric Generalized Eigenvalue Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "41--44", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65F15", MRnumber = "51 7266", MRreviewer = "W. Niethammer", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:33:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/gvl.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/Matrix.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Crawford73", abstract = "An algorithm is described for reducing a generalized eigenvalue problem to an ordinary problem, in case A and B are symmetric band matrices with B positive definite. If n is the order of the matrix and m the bandwidth, the matrices A and B are partitioned into m-by-m blocks; and the algorithm is described in terms of these blocks. The algorithm reduces the generalized problem to an ordinary eigenvalue problem for a symmetric band matrix C whose bandwidth is the same as A and B. The algorithm is similar to those of Rutishauser and Schwartz for the reduction of symmetric matrices to band form. The calculation of C requires order N**2m operation. The round-off error in the calculation of C is of the same order as the sum of the errors at each of the n/m steps of the algorithm, the latter errors being largely determined by the condition of B with respect to inversion.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra)", classification = "723; 921", corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming --- Subroutines; eigenvalues and eigenfunctions; generalized eigenvalues; mathematical techniques; matrix algebra; reduction; symmetric band matrices", kwds = "nla, geig, band matrix, symmetric matrix", oldlabel = "Crawford73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crawford73", } @Article{Blount:1973:PAC, author = "Sumner E. Blount and Louis Fein", title = "The practical aspect of computer science education --- discussion", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "45--46", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BlountF73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Acton, MA, USA", keywords = "computer engineering; computer science; curriculum; digital computers; education; systems design", oldlabel = "BlountF73", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BlountF73", } @Article{Bays:1973:NWC, author = "Carter Bays", title = "A note on when to chain overflow items within a direct-access table", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "46--47", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:06 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bays73a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA", keywords = "chaining; collision; data handling; direct access table; hash code; information; open hash; overflow items; retrieval", oldlabel = "Bays73a", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bays73a", } @Article{Atkins:1973:MRA, author = "M. Stella Atkins", title = "Mutual recursion in {Algol 60} using restricted compilers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "47--48", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Atkins73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", corpsource = "Univ. Warwick, Coventry, UK", keywords = "ALGOL; ALGOL 60; mutual recursion; program compilers; restricted compilers", oldlabel = "Atkins73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Atkins73", } @Article{Gallaher:1973:AAM, author = "L. J. Gallaher", title = "{ACM Algorithm 440}: {A} Multidimensional {Monte Carlo} Quadrature with Adaptive Stratified Sampling [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "49--50", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:57 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gallaher73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Georgia Inst. Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA", keywords = "adaptive quadrature; ALGOL; integral; integration; Monte Carlo methods; Monte Carlo Quadrature; multidimensional; sampling; sequential stratification; stratified; subroutines", oldlabel = "Gallaher73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gallaher73", } @Article{Knop:1973:AAR, author = "Robert E. Knop", title = "{ACM Algorithm 441}: Random Deviates from the Dipole Distribution [{G5}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "51--51", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:55:18 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Knop73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL, USA", country = "USA", descriptors = "RVG;", enum = "7514", keywords = "dipole distribution; FORTRAN; probability density; random deviates; random number; statistics; subroutines", language = "English", oldlabel = "Knop73", references = "0", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Knop73", } @Article{Hill:1973:AAN, author = "G. W. Hill and A. W. Davis", title = "{ACM Algorithm 442}: Normal Deviate [{S14}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "1", pages = "51--52", month = jan, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HillD73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "CSIRO, Glen Osmond, Australia", country = "USA", descriptors = "RVG;", enum = "7393", keywords = "ALGOL; normal deviate; normal distribution inverse; probit; statistics; subroutines; Taylor series approximation; transform", language = "English", oldlabel = "HillD73", references = "0", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HillD73", } @Article{Merrill:1973:RCR, author = "R. D. Merrill", title = "Representation of Contours and Regions for Efficient Computer Search", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "69--82", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A10", MRnumber = "51 7362", MRreviewer = "Arnold Griffith", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/imager/imager.75.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Merrill73", abstract = "A novel computer-searchable representation for the three basic pictorial features, contour maps, region coverage, and line structures, is described. The representation, which has practical storage requirements, provides a rapid means of searching large files for data associated with geometric position as well as with attribute value. An application of this representation to handling terrain information illustrates its utility. The algebraic properties of the data structure make it computationally easy to determine whether a point lies within a closed boundary; compute the area contained by a closed boundary; generate the closed boundary representing the union or intersection of two closed boundaries; and determine the neighboring boundaries to a point and the minimum distances between them and the point. Pertinent to mapping.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C7400 (Engineering computing)", classification = "405; 723", corpsource = "Lockheed Palo Alto Res. Laboratory, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "applications of computers; cartography; computer graphics; computer searchable structure; contour map representation; data handling; data processing --- Data Handling; data processing --- Data Structures; engineering; graphic data retrieval; maps and mapping; region boundary representation", oldlabel = "Merrill73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Merrill73", } @Article{Crespi-Reghizzi:1973:UGI, author = "Stefano Crespi-Reghizzi and Michel A. Melkanoff and L. Lichten", title = "The Use of Grammatical Inference for Designing Programming Languages", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "83--90", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A30", MRnumber = "50 15446", MRreviewer = "Leon Levy", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:34:00 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Ai/colt.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Crespi-ReghizziML73", abstract = "Both in designing a new programming language and in extending an existing language, the designer is faced with the problem of deriving a ``natural'' grammar for the language. We are proposing an interactive approach to the grammar design problem wherein the designer presents a sample of sentences and structures as input to a grammatical inference algorithm. The algorithm then constructs a grammar which is a reasonable generalization of the examples submitted by the designer. \par The implementation is presently restricted to a subclass of operator precedence grammars, but a second algorithm is outlined which applies to a larger class of context-free grammars.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6140 (Programming languages)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming languages; context; context-free grammars; extensible languages; free grammars; grammar design; grammatical inference; identification in the limit; inference; language definition; operator; precedence grammars; programming languages", oldlabel = "Crespi-ReghizziML73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Crespi-ReghizziML73", } @Article{Gimpel:1973:TDP, author = "James F. Gimpel", title = "A Theory of Discrete Patterns and Their Implementation in {SNOBOL4}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "91--100", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A15 (68A45)", MRnumber = "52 7198", MRreviewer = "John K. Debenham", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:44:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gimpel73", abstract = "The notion of a discrete pattern is formalized and certain properties deduced. A pattern is shown to be a generalization of a formal language. Algorithms for implementing the kinds of patterns in SNOBOL4 are given. The general approach is to create, in-so-far as possible, a bottom-up parse from a top-down specification.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6140 (Programming languages)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming languages; data processing --- Data Structures; discrete patterns; formal language; formal languages; parsing; pattern implementation; pattern matching; pattern recognition systems; pattern theory; patterns; programming languages; SNOBOL4; string processing", oldlabel = "Gimpel73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gimpel73", } @Article{Rokne:1973:AES, author = "J. Rokne", title = "Automatic Errorbounds for Simple Zeros of Analytic Functions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "101--104", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65E05", MRnumber = "51 4638", MRreviewer = "E. Maliszewski", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rokne73", abstract = "The Cauchy-Ostrowski theorem on convergence of Newton iterates for an analytic function in one variable is extended to include computational errors using complex interval arithmetic. Several numerical examples are given for polynomials with real and complex roots and one example for the Bessel function of the first kind.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290B (Error analysis in numerical methods); B0290D (Functional analysis); B0290K (Nonlinear and functional equations); C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4120 (Functional analysis); C4150 (Nonlinear and functional equations)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Calgary, Alta., Canada", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "analysis; analytic functions; automatic errorbounds; Bessel functions; Cauchy-Ostrowski theorem; complex interval arithmetic; complex intervals; convergence of numerical methods; data processing --- Data Handling; data processing --- Data Structures; error; interval arithmetic; iterative methods; mathematical techniques; Newton's method; poles and zeros; polynomials; real interval arithmetic; real intervals; simple zeros; zeros of Bessel functions; zeros of polynomials", oldlabel = "Rokne73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rokne73", } @Article{Brent:1973:RRT, author = "Richard P. Brent", title = "Reducing the Retrieval Time of Scatter Storage Techniques", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "105--109", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Brent73", note = "Modification of open addressing with double hashing to reduce the average number of probes for a successful search.", abstract = "A new method for entering and retrieving information in a hash table is described. The method is intended to be efficient if most entries are looked up several times. The expected number of probes to look up an entry, predicted theoretically and verified by Monte Carlo experiments, is considerably less than for other comparable methods if the table is nearly full. An example of a possible Fortran implementation is given.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723; 901", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "address; address calculation; addressing; calculation; computer programming languages --- Fortran; content addressing; data storage, digital --- Random Access; file organisation; file searching; has; has code; hash addressing; information retrieval systems; linear probing; linear quotient; linear quotient method; method; retrieval time; scatter storage techniques; storage management; symbol table", oldlabel = "Brent73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Brent73", } @Article{Graham:1973:SDE, author = "Robert M. Graham and Gerald J. {Clancy, Jr.} and David B. DeVaney", title = "A Software Design and Evaluation System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "110--116", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:59 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#GrahamCD73", abstract = "A critical failure of current software system design and implementation methodology is that the performance of a proposed design is not evaluated before it is actually implemented. In this paper the reasons for this failure are explored, and a new methodology which overcomes many of the difficulties is proposed. A system which integrates performance evaluation with design and implementation is described. This system is based on a simple, high level language which is used to describe the evolving system at all stages of its development. The source language description is used as direct input to performance analysis and simulation routines. using the performance information obtained from these routines as feedback, the problems which adversely affect performance are detected early enough so that they can be corrected without costly major reimplementation of the proposed system.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors); C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "compilers; computer programming languages; computer software; computer systems programming; computer systems programming --- Supervisory and Executive Programs; data processing --- Data Structures; debugging; des language; evaluation; executive programs; high level language; performance analysis; program maintenance; program processors; simulation; software design; supervisory and; supervisory systems; system programming", oldlabel = "GrahamCD73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GrahamCD73", } @Article{Balzer:1973:OIC, author = "Robert M. Balzer", title = "An Overview of the {ISPL} Computer System Design", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "117--122", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:01 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Balzer73", abstract = "This paper explores the advantages of the concurrent design of the language, operating system, and machine (via microcode) to create an interactive programming laboratory. It describes the synergistic effect that the freedom to move and alter features from one of these domains to another has had on the design of this system (which has not been implemented). This freedom simplified both incremental compilation and the system's addressing structure, and centralized the communication mechanisms enabling the construction of hierarchical subsystems. It also suggested an important new concept for operating systems: separation of the scheduling from the maintenance functions in resource allocation. This separation enables incorporation of new scheduling algorithms (decision of what to do) without endangering the system integration (correctly performing the scheduling decisions).", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6100 (Software techniques and systems); C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming languages; computer system design; computer systems, digital --- Time Sharing; computers --- Data Communication Systems; hierarchical subsystems; incremental compilation; interactive programming laboratory; interprogram communication; ISPL; language; machine; operating system; operating systems (computers); programming", oldlabel = "Balzer73", treatment = "G General Review; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Balzer73", } @Article{Fritsch:1973:AAS, author = "Fred N. Fritsch and R. E. Shafer and W. P. Crowley", title = "{ACM Algorithm 443}: Solution of the Transcendental Equation $w e^w = x$ [{C5}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "2", pages = "123--124", month = feb, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:42:27 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FritschSC73", note = "See remarks \cite{Einarsson:1974:STE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290D (Functional analysis); C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Livermore, CA, USA", keywords = "FORTRAN; function evaluation; iteration; iterative methods; subroutines; transcendental equation", oldlabel = "FritschSC73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FritschSC73", } @Article{Austing:1973:CSC, author = "Richard H. Austing and Gerald L. Engel", title = "A Computer Science Course Program for Small Colleges", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "139--147", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:22 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#AustingE73", abstract = "This report gives recommendations for the content, implementation, and operation of a program of computer science courses specifically directed to small colleges. Implementation problems are discussed, specifically within the constraints of limited faculty and for the purposes of satisfying a wide variety of objectives. Detailed descriptions of four courses are given; suggestions are made for more advanced work; and an extensive library list is included.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, College Park, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer organization course; computer science course; computer science education; data processing; education; file organization course; programming course; reviews; small colleges; social implications course; universities", oldlabel = "AustingE73", treatment = "B Bibliography; G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AustingE73", } @Article{Wagner:1973:CPM, author = "Robert A. Wagner", title = "Common Phrases and Minimum-Space Text Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "148--152", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:42 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wagner73", abstract = "A method for saving storage space for text strings, such as compiler diagnostic messages, is described. The method relies on hand selection of a set of text strings which are common to one or more messages. These phrases are then stored only once. The storage technique gives rise to a mathematical optimization problem: determine how each message should use the available phrases to minimize its storage requirement. This problem is nontrivial when phrases which overlap exist. However, a dynamic programming algorithm is presented which solves the problem in time which grows linearly with the number of characters in the text. Algorithm 444 applies to this paper.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C6120 (File organisation); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "common phrases; computer operating systems --- Program Compilers; computer programming; diagnostic messages; dynamic programming; error messages; file organisation; minimum space; optimization; program diagnostics; text storage", oldlabel = "Wagner73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wagner73", } @Article{Feinroth:1973:TUF, author = "Y. Feinroth and E. Franceschini and M. Goldstein", title = "Telecommunications Using a Front-End Minicomputer", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "153--160", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:08 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FeinrothFG73", abstract = "The use of a front-end minicomputer to provide varied remote terminal access to a large scale computer is considered. The problems of embedding telecommunications I/O within an operating system are discussed, and it is shown how the decentralization of intelligence acquired by front-end processing vastly simplifies the problem. A specific implementation is discussed with emphasis on the main processor-minicomputer link, the hardware-software implementation, the effect on the main processor operating system, and an assessment of the advantages over a hardwired line controller.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5600 (Data communication equipment and techniques)", classification = "718; 723", corpsource = "New York Univ., NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computers; computers, miniature; digital communication systems; front end processor; front-end processor; large scale computer; minicomputer; minicomputers; operating; operating system; remote; remote job entry; systems (computers); telecommunication systems; telecommunications; terminals", oldlabel = "FeinrothFG73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FeinrothFG73", xxauthor = "Y. Feinroth and Ed Franceschini and M. Goldstein", } @Article{Pack:1973:EMC, author = "Charles D. Pack", title = "The Effects of Multiplexing on a Computer-Communications System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "161--168", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/network.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Pack73", abstract = "A study is made of the way in which asynchronous time division multiplexing changes the stochastic nature of the arrival process from a user to the computer and, consequently, affects the performance of a time-shared computer-communications system. It is concluded that while, for certain values of system parameters, there is noticeable improvement in the performance of the computer (model), in the sense that time-shared scheduling delays are reduced, these improvements are offset by the transmission delays imposed by multiplexing so that there may be little or no change in the computer-communications system performance. Analytical and simulation results are based on the model of the computer-communications system being an M/D/I queue (the multiplexor) in tandem with a single exponential server (the computer). Analytical results include a general description of the output process of an M/D/1 queue and the conditions under which this output process is approximately Poisson.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5600 (Data communication equipment and techniques)", classification = "718; 722; 723", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACm", keywords = "computer communications; computer programming --- Subroutines; computers; digital communication systems; multiplexing; operating systems; scheduling algorithms; systems; time sharing; time-sharing", oldlabel = "Pack73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pack73", } @Article{Conway:1973:DID, author = "Richard W. Conway and Thomas R. Wilcox", title = "Design and Implementation of a Diagnostic Compiler for {PL/I}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "169--179", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#ConwayW73", abstract = "PL/C is a compiler for a dialect for PL/I. The design objective was to provide a maximum degree of diagnostic assistance in a batch processing environment. For the most part this assistance is implicit and is provided automatically by the compilers. The most remarkable characteristic of PL/C is its perseverance --- it completes translation of every program submitted and continues execution until a user-established error limit is reached. This requires that the compiler repair errors encountered during both translation and execution, and the design of PL/C is dominated by this consideration. PL/C also introduces several explicit user-controlled facilities for program testing. To accommodate these extensions to PL/I without abandoning compatibility with the IBM compiler, PL/C permits ``pseudo comments'' --- constructions whose contents can optionally be considered either source text or comment. In spite of the diagnostic effort PL/C is a fast and efficient processor. It effectively demonstrates that compilers can provide better diagnostic assistance than is customarily offered, even when a sophisticated source language is employed, and that this assistance need not be prohibitively costly.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., NY, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "batch processing environment; batch-processing; computer operating systems; computer programming languages --- Program Debugging; computer programming languages --- Program Diagnostics; design; diagnostic compiler; diagnostics; implementation; PL/1; PL/C; PL/I; program; program compilers", oldlabel = "ConwayW73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/ConwayW73", } @Article{Salzer:1973:GCS, author = "Herbert E. Salzer", title = "{Gray} code and the $\pm$ sequence when $\pm f(\pm f(\pm f(\cdots \pm f(x) \cdots)))$ is ordered", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "180--180", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:18:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Salzer73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", keywords = "binary sequences; binary system; codes; functions; Galois sum; Gray code; ordering; positive monotonic; sign sequences", oldlabel = "Salzer73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salzer73", } @Article{Bookstein:1973:HST, author = "Abraham Bookstein", title = "On {Harrison}'s Substring Testing Technique", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "180--181", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bookstein73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", keywords = "data handling; hashing; information storage; retrieval; substring testing technique", oldlabel = "Bookstein73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bookstein73", } @Article{Payne:1973:GEP, author = "William H. Payne", title = "Graduate Education: The Ph.{D}. Glut", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "181--182", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:43 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Payne73", note = "See response and rebuttal \cite{Freeman:1974:GEP}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA", keywords = "accreditation; education; graduate education; Ph.D. glut; Ph.D. production", oldlabel = "Payne73", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Payne73", } @Article{Wagner:1973:AAA, author = "Robert A. Wagner", title = "{ACM Algorithm 444}: An Algorithm for Extracting Phrases in a Space-Optimal Fashion [{Z}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "183--185", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:43 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wagner73a", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA", keywords = "algorithm; coding; data handling; extracting phrases; information retrieval; PARSE; PL/I; subroutines; text compression", oldlabel = "Wagner73a", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wagner73a", } @Article{Chang:1973:AAB, author = "Shi-Kuo Chang", title = "{ACM Algorithm 445}: Binary Pattern Reconstruction from Projections [{Z}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "185--186", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:30:24 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Chang73", note = "See remark \cite{Lau:1973:RAB}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition); C7800 (Other computer applications)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "ALGOL; binary pattern; compression; data; picture processing; projections; reconstruction; subroutines", oldlabel = "Chang73", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Chang73", } @Article{Lau:1973:RAB, author = "John Lau", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 445: Binary Pattern Reconstruction from Projections [{Z}]}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "3", pages = "186--186", month = mar, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:45 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lau73", note = "See \cite{Chang:1973:AAB}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B6140C (Optical information, image and video signal processing); C1250 (Pattern recognition); C7800 (Other computer applications)", corpsource = "Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada", keywords = "ALGOL; binary pattern reconstruction; compression; data; picture processing; projections; subroutines", oldlabel = "Lau73", treatment = "P Practical; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lau73", } @Article{Hassitt:1973:IHL, author = "Anthony Hassitt and J. W. Lageschulte and Leonard E. Lyon", title = "Implementation of a High Level Language Machine", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "199--212", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HassittLL73", abstract = "Computing machines which directly execute the statements of a high level language have been proposed in the past. This report describes the actual implementation of such a machine: it is a computer whose ``machine language'' is APL. The machine is fully operational and correctly executes almost all of the APL operations on scalars, vectors, and arrays. The machine automatically allocates memory, executes statements, calls functions, converts numbers from one type to another, checks subscripts, and automatically detects many types of programmer errors.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6140D (High level languages)", classification = "723", corpsource = "IBM Palo Alto, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "APL; computer architecture; computer operating systems --- Program Compilers; computer programming languages; computing machines; emulators; high level language; high level language machine; implementation; interpreters; microprogramming; procedure oriented languages", oldlabel = "HassittLL73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HassittLL73", xxtitle = "Implementation of High Level Language Machine", } @Article{Williams:1973:AMH, author = "John G. Williams", title = "Asymmetric Memory Hierarchies", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "213--222", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A50", MRnumber = "51 2378", MRreviewer = "I. Kaufmann", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:08 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/storage.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Williams73", abstract = "A study is presented of some of the system implications of memory hierarchies in which the backing or secondary store has a very small read time, relative of both the time required for writing and to the read time of conventional backing storage devices. Several analytic models are introduced, and it is shown that such hierarchies may operate in ways which differ from those of more conventional hierarchies. In particular, it is shown that it may not be necessary to multiprogram in such a situation. \par In the past, backing storage devices have been roughly symmetric with respect to their read and write times. This situation may not continue, as several devices are currently under development which may have a very small read-time/write-time ratio. This study places particular emphasis on one such system-the RCA read/write holographic optical memory.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5320Z (Other digital storage); C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "722; 723; 741", corpsource = "RCA, Princeton, NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "asymmetric memory; asymmetric memory hierarchies; asymmetric memory hierarchy; computer systems programming --- Multiprogramming; data storage, optical; demand paging; file organisation; holographic; holographic optical memory; holography; memory device; memory hierarchy; optical memory; optical stores; paging; Performance Evaluation: Analytic; storage device; storage hierarchy; virtual memory", oldlabel = "Williams73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williams73", } @Article{Kuki:1973:SSA, author = "H. Kuki and W. J. Cody", title = "A Statistical Study of the Accuracy of Floating Point Number Systems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "223--230", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A20 (65G05)", MRnumber = "51 2344", MRreviewer = "I. Kaufmann", bibdate = "Wed Aug 31 13:47:33 1994", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/cacm1960.bib", abstract = "This paper presents the statistical results of tests of the accuracy of certain arithmetic systems in evaluating sums, products and inner products, and analytic error estimates for some of the computations. The arithmetic systems studied are 6-digit hexadecimal and 22-digit binary floating point number representations combined with the usual chop and round modes of arithmetic with various numbers of guard digits, and with a modified round mode with guard digits. In a certain sense, arithmetic systems differing only in their use of binary or hexadecimal number representations are shown to be approximately statistically equivalent in accuracy. Further, the usual round mode with guard digits is shown to be statistically superior in accuracy to the usual chop mode in all cases save one. The modified round mode is found to be superior to the chop mode in all cases.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb # " and " # ack-nj, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "accuracy; arithmetic; computer programming; digital arithmetic; error analysis; floating point arithmetic; floating point number systems; guard digits; number representation; rounding; statistical study", oldlabel = "KukiC73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KukiC73", } @Article{Burkhard:1973:SAB, author = "Walter A. Burkhard and Robert M. Keller", title = "Some Approaches to Best-Match File Searching", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "230--236", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Graphics/siggraph/pre75.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BurkhardK73", abstract = "The problem of searching the set of keys in a file to find a key which is closest to a given query key is discussed. After ``closest'', in terms of a metric on the key space, is suitably defined, three file structures are presented together with their corresponding search algorithms, which are intended to reduce the number of comparisons required to achieve the desired result. These methods are derived using certain inequalities satisfied by metrics and by graph-theoretic concepts. Some empirical results are presented which compare the efficiency of the methods.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "Univ. California, San Diego, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "best match; data processing; file organisation; file searching; file structuring; heuristics; information retrieval systems", oldlabel = "BurkhardK73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BurkhardK73", } @Article{Strong:1973:RCT, author = "James P. {Strong, III} and Azriel Rosenfeld", title = "A Region Coloring Technique for Scene Analysis", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "237--246", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:47 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#StrongR73", abstract = "A method of converting a picture into a ``cartoon'' or ``map'' whose regions correspond to differently textured regions is described. Texture edges in the picture are detected, and solid regions surrounded by these (usually broken) edges are ``colored in'' using a propagation process. The resulting map is cleaned by comparing the region colors with the textures of the corresponding regions in the picture, and also by merging some regions with others according to criteria based on topology and size. The method has been applied to the construction of could cover maps from cloud cover pictures obtained by satellites.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)", classification = "405; 723; 741", corpsource = "NASA, Greenbelt, MD, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer graphics; data processing --- Natural Sciences Applications; edge detection; maps and mapping; pattern recognition systems; picture; picture processing; processing; region colouring technique; scene analysis", oldlabel = "StrongR73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/StrongR73", } @Article{Rodriguez-Rosell:1973:DIE, author = "Juan Rodriguez-Rosell and Jean-Pierre Dupuy", title = "The design, implementation, and evaluation of a working set dispatcher", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "247--253", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rodriguez-RosellD73", abstract = "The behavior of a computer system is largely dependent upon the algorithm employed to allocate the system resources to the processes competing for them. Recent research in time-sharing paging systems has developed the working set model for program behavior, and a resource allocation strategy based on this model has been proposed. Two implementations along these principles have been reported, but it seems that in neither case have further results been announced. This report discusses the design and implementation of a dispatcher based on the working set principle, presents data to permit analysis of its behavior, and indicates future directions of research on methods of controlling a computer system.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "722; 723", corpsource = "Royal Inst. Technol., Stockholm, Sweden", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer systems, digital; computers --- Operating Procedures; design; evaluation; implementation; operating systems; resource allocation; scheduler; software evaluation; supervisory and executive programs; supervisory systems; time sharing; time-sharing systems; working set; working set dispatcher", oldlabel = "Rodriguez-RosellD73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rodriguez-RosellD73", } @Article{Broucke:1973:AAT, author = "R. Broucke", title = "{ACM Algorithm 446}: Ten Subroutines for the Manipulation of {Chebyshev} Series [{C1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "254--256", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:17 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Broucke73", note = "See remark and certification \cite{Piessens:1975:RCA}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation); C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", keywords = "approximations; Chebyshev approximation; Chebyshev series; curve fitting; Manipulation; negative powers; series (mathematics); subroutines", oldlabel = "Broucke73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Broucke73", } @Article{Ragland:1973:CAG, author = "Larry C. Ragland and Donald I. Good", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 386}: Greatest Common Divisor of $n$ Integers and Multipliers''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "4", pages = "257--257", month = apr, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:14:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#RaglandG73", note = "See \cite{Bradley:1970:AAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "Euclidean algorithm; greatest common divisor; inductive assertion method; integers; multipliers; number theory; proof of algorithms", oldlabel = "RaglandG73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RaglandG73", } @Article{Pager:1973:PCC, author = "David Pager", title = "On the Problem of Communicating Complex Information", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "275--281", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:11:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Pager73", abstract = "The nature of the difficulty involved in communicating mathematical results between scientists using a computer based information retrieval system is examined. The problem is analyzed in terms of psychological and information-processing processes, and what turns out to be a vicious circle of effects is described. The paper then considers how the presentation of information by a computer-based information retrieval system, or by other media, can be improved. Some trade-offs which affect the design of the presentation are mentioned, and a number of ideas for improvement are described. These include ways of augmenting written language by various notational and linguistic devices, the exhibition of the structure inherent in the information the authors are communicating, and a sophisticated interactive system controlled by computer.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "communication; complex information; computer based information retrieval; computers --- Data Communication Systems; information; information retrieval systems; information science --- Information Retrieval; interactive system; language; mathematics; proof; psychology; system", oldlabel = "Pager73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Pager73", } @Article{Low:1973:PQE, author = "David W. Low", title = "Programming by Questionnaire: an Effective Way to Use Decision Tables", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "282--286", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:47 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Low73", abstract = "Programming by questionnaire combines aspects of decision table programming and general purpose programming by using decision tables to construct an application program through the selection of certain source statements from a predefined file. It is proposed that programming by questionnaire is a useful compromise between general and special purpose programming for a significant class of large scale problems. The elements of the approach are discussed and an existing application is described.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", classification = "723", corpsource = "IBM Corp., Los Angeles, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automatic program; automatic program generation; computer systems programming; decision tables; generation; productivity; programmer; programming; questionnaire; simulator generation", oldlabel = "Low73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Low73", } @Article{King:1973:SCU, author = "Peter J. H. King and Roger G. Johnson", title = "Some Comments on the Use of Ambiguous Decision Tables and Their Conversion to Computer Programs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "287--290", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:52 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#KingJ73", abstract = "This paper comments upon recently published work on decision table translation using methods similar to rule-mask technique. The applicability of these methods under various possible conventions on overall table meaning is discussed, and it is argued that there is a place both for the multi-rule and the single-rule (or action set) convention in decision table usage.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Birbeck Coll., Univ. London, UK", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programs; computer systems programming; conversion; decision tables", oldlabel = "KingJ73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KingJ73", } @Article{Salasin:1973:HSI, author = "John Salasin", title = "Hierarchical Storage in Information Retrieval", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "291--295", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/storage.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Salasin73", abstract = "A probabilistic analysis is employed to determine the effect of hierarchical storage organizations on information retrieval operations. The data storage hardware is assumed to consist of n-levels of linearly connected memory hardware with increasing data access times and increasing data storage capabilities. A system might, for example, consist of fast semiconductor memory, computer core memory, extended core storage, disk memory, and data cells. Equations are derived to predict the effect of such a system on data access times using sequential files, random access files, and structured files employing multiple-hierarchical linked lists.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Simple evaluation of record fetch costs using various accessing sequences.", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "Univ. Minneapolis, MN, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "analysis; analytic; computer operating systems --- Storage Allocation; data access times; file organisation; files; hierarchical storage; information retrieval; information retrieval systems; linked lists; memory hierarchy; performance evaluation; probabilistic; random access; sequential files; structured files", oldlabel = "Salasin73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Salasin73", } @Article{Corneil:1973:MEN, author = "Derek G. Corneil and C. C. Gotlieb and Y. M. Lee", title = "Minimal Event-Node Network of Project Precedence Relations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "296--298", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:32:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#CorneilGL73", abstract = "A procedure for constructing a minimal event-node network to represent a set of precedence relations without parallel activities is presented. A minimal even-node network is an event-node network in which both the number of nodes and the number of arcs are the minima to preserve the given precedence relations. Counterexamples are given to show that the algorithm presented by A. C. Fisher, J. S. Liebman, and G. L. Nemhauser (1968) produces event-node networks which are not minimal. Since our procedure includes the set-covering problem, the time required may grow exponentially with the number of given activities.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7100 (Business and administration)", classification = "912", corpsource = "Univ. Toronto, Ont., Canada", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "event node network; event-node network; management science; management sciences; minimal; minimal event-node network; network analysis; operations research; project precedence relations", oldlabel = "CorneilGL73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/CorneilGL73", } @Article{Mercer:1973:AGP, author = "Andrew Mercer and Azriel Rosenfeld", title = "An Array Grammar Programming System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "299--305", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:56 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MercerR73", abstract = "A package of Fortran programs has been developed that permits a user to interactively design and test array grammars. The user can control the rule selection procedure in a derivation or parse, using weighted programming matrices; he also has a choice of instance selection schemes (raster, random, parallel). Examples are given involving array languages consisting of simple geometrical patterns, as well as a language of ``neuron pictures.''", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C7430 (Computer engineering)", classification = "721; 723", corpsource = "Kappa Systems Inc., Arlington, VA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "array grammar; array grammars; automata theory --- Grammars; automatic testing; CAD; computer graphics; computer programming languages; computer-aided design; Fortran programs; grammars; interactively; picture grammars; programming system; test", oldlabel = "MercerR73", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MercerR73", } @Article{Reingold:1973:NLM, author = "Edward M. Reingold", title = "A Nonrecursive List Moving Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "305--307", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Reingold73", abstract = "An efficient, nonrecursive algorithm is given for moving any LIST-type list. In particular, the algorithm requires no storage other than the new nodes into which the list is to be moved, and no additional bits per node for marking; the algorithm runs in time proportional to the number of nodes in the list. The original list structure is destroyed as it is moved.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming --- Subroutines; computer programming languages; computer programming languages --- lisp; garbage collection; LISP; list moving; list processing; nonrecursive algorithm; storage management", oldlabel = "Reingold73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Reingold73", } @Article{Vos:1973:RAC, author = "H. Vos", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 300}: {Coulomb} Wave Functions''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "308--309", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:27:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Vos73", note = "See \cite{Gunn:1967:AAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290D (Functional analysis); C4120 (Functional analysis); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Vrije Univ., Amsterdam, Netherlands", keywords = "Coulomb wave functions; function evaluation; mathematics; wave functions", oldlabel = "Vos73", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Vos73", } @Article{Bayer:1973:M, author = "G. Bayer", title = "Maxflow", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "309--309", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7300 (Natural sciences computing)", corpsource = "Tech. Univ., Braunschweig, West Germany", keywords = "arcs; flows; input parameters; maxflow; network; network analysis", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Bayer:1973:RAM, author = "G. Bayer", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 324}: Maxflow''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "309--??", year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:01 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bayer73", note = "See \cite{Bayer:1968:AAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Bayer73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bayer73", } @Article{Holmgren:1973:RAM, author = "B. Holmgren and D. Obradovi{\'c} and {\AA}. Kolm", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 333}: Minit Algorithm for Linear Programming''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "310--310", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HolmgrenOK73", note = "See \cite{Salazar:1968:AAM,Obradovic:1973:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "ASEA, Vasteras, Sweden", keywords = "linear programming; minit algorithm", oldlabel = "HolmgrenOK73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HolmgrenOK73", xxauthor = "B. Holmgren and {\AA}. Kolm and D. Obradovi{\'c}", } @Article{Obradovic:1973:RAM, author = "D. Obradovi{\'c}", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 333}: Minit Algorithm for Linear Programming''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "310--310", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:10:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Obradovic73", note = "See \cite{Salazar:1968:AAM,Holmgren:1973:RAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Boris Kidric Inst. Nuclear Sci., Beograd, Yugoslavia", keywords = "linear programming; mini algorithm", oldlabel = "Obradovic73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Obradovic73", } @Article{Howell:1973:RAE, author = "Jo Ann Howell", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 406}: Exact Solution of Linear Equations Using Residue Arithmetic''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "311--311", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Howell73", note = "See \cite{Howell:1971:AAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Yale Univ., New Haven, CT, USA", keywords = "digital arithmetic; exact solution; inversion; linear algebra; linear equations; matrix; mixed radix conversion; modulus; prime number; residue arithmetic", oldlabel = "Howell73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Howell73", } @Article{Sale:1973:SMP, author = "Arthur H. J. Sale", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 408}: {A} Sparse Matrix Package''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "311--311", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:59 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Sale73", note = "See \cite{McNamee:1971:AAS,Lawrence:1973:RAS}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Sydney, NSW, Australia", keywords = "algorithm; matrix algebra; sparse matrix package", oldlabel = "Sale73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Sale73", } @Article{Wheeler:1973:IEQ, author = "Robert E. Wheeler", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 402}: Increasing the Efficiency of {Quicksort}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "311--311", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:24 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wheeler73", note = "See \cite{vanEmden:1970:AAI}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "E. I. du Pont Nemours and Co., Wilmington, DE, USA", keywords = "efficiency; quicksort; sorting", oldlabel = "Wheeler73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wheeler73", } @Article{Roy:1973:RPR, author = "M. K. Roy", title = "Reflection-free permutations, rosary permutations and adjacent transposition algorithms", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "312--312", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0250 (Combinatorial mathematics); C1160 (Combinatorial mathematics)", corpsource = "Jadavpur Univ., Calcutta, India", keywords = "adjacent transposition algorithms; combinatorial analysis; combinatorial mathematics; permutation; reflection free; rosary", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", } @Article{Roy:1973:RFP, author = "Mohit Kumar Roy", title = "Reflection-Free Permutations, Rosary Permutations, and Adjacent Transposition Algorithms", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "312--313", year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Roy73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Roy73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Roy73", } @Article{McMorrow:1973:CMC, author = "Clyde H. McMorrow", title = "Concerning music and computer composition in computational linguistics", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "313--313", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:03:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#McMorrow73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Eagle Signal Corp., Davenport, IA, USA", keywords = "computational linguistics; computer composition; humanities; music", oldlabel = "McMorrow73", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McMorrow73", } @Article{Wexelblat:1973:ACC, author = "Richard L. Wexelblat", title = "Another Comment on Computer Music", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "313--314", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:29:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Wexelblat73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7820 (Humanities computing)", corpsource = "Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA", keywords = "composer; computer music; humanities; musical taste; value judgment", oldlabel = "Wexelblat73", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Wexelblat73", } @Article{Estell:1973:CPA, author = "Robert G. Estell", title = "A comment on the practical aspects of computer science education", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "314--315", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Estell73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", keywords = "computer science education; curriculum; digital computers; education", oldlabel = "Estell73", treatment = "G General Review; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Estell73", } @Article{Fajman:1973:WIT, author = "Roger Fajman and John Borgelt", title = "{WYLBUR}, An Interactive Text Editing and Remote Job Entry System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "314--322", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:31 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/os.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FajmanB73", abstract = "WYLBUR is a comprehensive system for manipulating all kinds of text, such as computer programs, letters, and manuscripts, using typewriter terminals connected to a computer. It has facilities for remote job entry and retrieval as well as facilities for text alignment and justification. A powerful method for addressing text by content is provided. This paper describes the external appearance of WYLBUR as well as its internal structure. A short description of the major features of ORVYL, a general purpose time-sharing system which operates in conjunction with WYLBUR, is also included.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "addressing; computer systems programming; content; content addressing; data entry; data handling; data processing; document preparation; interactive text editing; ORVYL; remote; remote job entry; remote job retrieval; terminal; text editing", oldlabel = "FajmanB73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FajmanB73", } @Article{Frailey:1973:PAM, author = "Dennis J. Frailey", title = "A Practical Approach to Managing Resources and Avoiding Deadlocks", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "5", pages = "323--329", month = may, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:41:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Frailey73", abstract = "Resource scheduling and allocation can be expensive with regard to time and space in multiprogramming or time-sharing environments involving large numbers of tasks and resources with conflicting requirements. \par Detection and\slash or prevention of deadlocks can require massive amounts of additional overhead if efficient usage of resources is to be maintained. A resource management program is described which uses linked lists along with other techniques to overcome a large portion of this overhead. The program, which is currently running as part of a large scale general purpose operating system, keeps resources relatively active but does not detect or prevent all deadlocks in its implemented state. Certain changes, which would permit more comprehensive levels of deadlock prevention\slash detection at additional cost, have not been incorporated in the running system due to the infrequency of deadlock situations.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Description of a limited implementation and good overview.", classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "(computers); allocation; computer systems programming; deadlock; deadly embrace; file organisation; multiprocessing; multiprogramming; operating systems; resource; resource allocation; resource management; resource scheduling; scheduling; storage allocation; time sharing; time-sharing; time-sharing programs", oldlabel = "Frailey73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Frailey73", } @Article{Hamlet:1973:EMR, author = "Richard G. Hamlet", title = "Efficient multiprogramming resource allocation and accounting", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "337--342", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:48:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hamlet73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA", keywords = "accounting; efficient; executive; memory; monitor; multiprogramming; resource allocation; storage allocation", oldlabel = "Hamlet73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hamlet73", xxpages = "337--343", } @Article{Gelenbe:1973:MWS, author = "Erol Gelenbe and J. C. A. Boekhorst and J. L. W. Kessels", title = "Minimizing Wasted Space in Partitioned Segmentation", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "343--349", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gelenbe73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA", keywords = "algorithms; dynamic storage allocation; file organisation; fragmentation; multiple; page sizes; paged virtual memory; partitioned segmentation; storage allocation; storage management; system; wasted space", oldlabel = "Gelenbe73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gelenbe73", xxauthor = "Erol Gelenbe", xxauthor = "E. Gelenbe and J. C. A. Boekhorst and J. L. W. Kessels", } @Article{Hill:1973:SPM, author = "J. Carver Hill", title = "Synchronizing processors with memory-content-generated interrupts", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "350--351", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:49:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hill73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. California, Livermore, CA, USA", keywords = "associative memories; debugging; interrupts; microprogramming; monitors; multiprocessing programs; multiprocessor; parallel processing; supervisors; synchronisation; synchronizing processors", oldlabel = "Hill73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hill73", } @Article{Stone:1973:NOS, author = "Harold S. Stone and Samuel H. Fuller", title = "On the Near-Optimality of the Shortest-Latency-Time-First Drum Scheduling Discipline", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "352--353", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:34 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#StoneF73", note = "Also published in/as: Technical Note No.12, DSL.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", keywords = "computer systems; drum scheduling discipline; file organisation; latency scheduling; minimal; shortest latency time first; storage allocation; storage management", oldlabel = "StoneF73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/StoneF73", } @Article{Stockhausen:1973:AOC, author = "Peter F. Stockhausen", title = "Adapting optimal code generation for arithmetic expressions to the instruction sets available on present-day computers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "353--354", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:29 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Stockhausen73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Bell Labs., Murray Hill., NJ, USA", keywords = "arithmetic expressions; codes; digital arithmetic; instruction; optimal code generation; sets", oldlabel = "Stockhausen73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Stockhausen73", } @Article{Ling:1973:CGA, author = "Robert F. Ling", title = "A Computer Generated Aid for Cluster Analysis", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "355--361", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Ling73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5530 (Pattern recognition and computer vision equipment); C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays)", corpsource = "Univ. Chicago, IL, USA", keywords = "cluster analysis; computer aided analysis; computer graphics; factor analysis; hierarchical clustering; numerical taxonomy; pattern; recognition", oldlabel = "Ling73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Ling73", } @Article{Shneiderman:1973:ODB, author = "Ben Shneiderman", title = "Optimum Data Base Reorganization Points", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "362--365", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:21:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Shneiderman73", URL = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/Shneiderman73.html", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Criteria for file reorganization", cdrom = "CACMs1/CACM16/P362.pdf", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", corpsource = "State Univ. New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA", keywords = "cost per access; data base; file organisation; files; information retrieval; optimum; reorganization; strategies", oldlabel = "Shneiderman73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Shneiderman73", } @Article{Strunz:1973:DDT, author = "Horst Strunz", title = "The development of decision tables via parsing of complex decision situations", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "366--369", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:24:51 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Strunz73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", corpsource = "Mathematischer Beratungs- and Programmierungsdienst GmbH, Cologne, West Germany", keywords = "decision grid chart; decision tables; development; parsing; problem analysis", oldlabel = "Strunz73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Strunz73", } @Article{Bell:1973:TC, author = "James R. Bell", title = "Threaded Code", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "370--372", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:24:22 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bell73", abstract = "The concept of ``threaded code'' is presented as an alternative to machine language code. Hardware and software realizations of it are given. In software it is realized as interpretive code not needing an interpreter. Extensions and optimizations are mentioned.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5220 (Computer architecture); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6140B (Machine-oriented languages)", corpsource = "Digital Equipment Corp., Maynard, MA, USA", keywords = "code; compiled code; hardware; interpreter; machine; machine code; machine oriented languages; microprogramming; programming; software; space tradeoff; subroutine calls; threaded code; time tradeoff", oldlabel = "Bell73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bell73", } @Article{Hopcroft:1973:AAE, author = "John E. Hopcroft and Robert Endre Tarjan", title = "{ACM Algorithm 447}: Efficient Algorithms for Graph Manipulation [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "372--378", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:48 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HopcroftT73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA", keywords = "ALGOL; algorithms; graph manipulation; graph theory; mathematics; partitioning; subroutines", oldlabel = "HopcroftT73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HopcroftT73", } @Article{Beyer:1973:AAN, author = "Terry Beyer and D. F. Swinehart", title = "{ACM Algorithm 448}: Number of Multiply-Restricted Partitions [{A1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "379--379", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:26:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BeyerS73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5230 (Digital arithmetic methods)", corpsource = "Univ. Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA", keywords = "change making; digital arithmetic; enumeration; FORTRAN; multiply restricted partitions; positive integer; subroutine; subroutines", oldlabel = "BeyerS73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BeyerS73", } @Article{Ferguson:1973:LSP, author = "J. Ferguson and P. A. Staley", title = "Least Squares Piecewise Cubic Curve Fitting", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "380--382", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D10", MRnumber = "50 15267", MRreviewer = "Bernard H. Rosman", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#FergusonS73", abstract = "The matrices involved in a linear least squares formulation are determined for the problem of fitting piecewise cubic functions, those possessing a continuous derivative, to arrays of planar data.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation); C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation)", corpsource = "Teledyne Ryan Aeronaut. Co., San Diego, CA, USA", keywords = "approximation splines; curve fitting; data; data reduction; data reduction and analysis; function approximation; least; least squares; piecewise cubic; reduction; squares approximations", oldlabel = "FergusonS73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/FergusonS73", } @Article{Hoskins:1973:CSS, author = "W. D. Hoskins", title = "Cubic spline solutions to fourth-order boundary value problems", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "382--385", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65L10", MRnumber = "58 31861", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hoskins73", abstract = "The cubic spline approximation to the fourth-order differential equation $y''''+p(x)y''+q(x)y'+r(x)y=t(x)$ is shown to reduce to the solution of a five-term recurrence relationship. For some special cases the approximation is shown to be simply related to a finite difference representation with a local truncation error of order $(y/720)\delta^8$.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation); B0290P (Differential equations); C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C4170 (Differential equations)", corpsource = "Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada", keywords = "(mathematics); boundary value problem; boundary value problems; boundary-value problems; cubic spline; differential; differential equations; equations; fourth order; splines", oldlabel = "Hoskins73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hoskins73", } @Article{Alt:1973:CPT, author = "Franz L. Alt and Judith Yuni Kirk", title = "Computer Photocomposition of Technical Text", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "6", pages = "386--391", month = jun, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#AltK73", note = "Describes the typesetting system used by the American Institute of Physics.", abstract = "In computer assisted typesetting by means of photocomposition, special problems arise in highly technical material such as mathematical formulas. New solutions to several of these problems have been devised in the information system of the American Institute of Physics. They include: the representation of special characters (foreign alphabets, mathematical symbols, etc.) not available on input keyboards or on the photocomposer; the generation of such symbols, e.g. by overprinting; the precise positioning of accent marks (floating diacritics); line breaks, i.e. words or formulas placed partly at the end of one line and partly at the beginning of the next; and certain aspects of error correction.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7230 (Publishing and reproduction)", corpsource = "American Inst. Phys., New York, NY, USA", keywords = "computer; computer controlled typesetting; graphics; photocomposition; printing; technical text; text processing; typesetting", oldlabel = "AltK73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AltK73", } @Article{Nolan:1973:MCR, author = "Richard L. Nolan", title = "Managing the Computer Resource: {A} Stage Hypothesis", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "399--405", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Nolan73", abstract = "Based on the study of expenditures for data processing, a descriptive stage hypothesis is presented. It is suggested that the planning, organizing, and controlling activities associated with managing the computer resource will change in character over a period of time, and will evolve in patterns roughly correlated to four stages of the computer budget: Stage I (computer acquisition), Stage II (intense system development), Stage III (proliferation of controls), and Stage IV (user\slash service orientation). Each stage is described and related to individual tasks for managing the computer resource.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0310 (EDP management)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Harvard Univ. Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer; computer budget; computer expenditures; computer management; computer resource; control; data processing; data processing, business; economics; management; organizing; planning; resource; stage hypothesis", oldlabel = "Nolan73", treatment = "E Economic", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nolan73", } @Article{Huang:1973:NIO, author = "J. C. Huang", title = "A Note on Information Organization and Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "406--410", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A50", MRnumber = "55 13900", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Huang73", abstract = "Since the logical structure of a data base can be represented by a tree or graph, it is quite natural for us to view the process of designing a data base as that of constructing a tree or a graph. \par A general method for constructing such a tree or a graph is provided. There are three important elements in this general construction method; namely, a set of binary relations, an algorithm for constructing subsets of a set, and an algorithm for selecting an element from the given set of objects. The use of different relations and algorithms results in different information structures, as list, tree, ring, etc. Thus the problem of information organization and storage is reduced to that of defining relations and formulating algorithms under a given set of constraints. \par The results presented may be valuable to designers as useful design concepts, and may serve as a basis for developing a formal theory on the subject.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723; 901; 921", corpsource = "Univ. Houston, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "(mathematical); data base; data-base management; file organisation; file organization; graph; graph theory; information; information retrieval; information retrieval systems; information structure; management; mathematical techniques --- Graph Theory; storage allocation; structure; tree; trees", oldlabel = "Huang73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Huang73", } @Article{Kozdrowicki:1973:CIC, author = "Edward W. Kozdrowicki and Dennis W. Cooper", title = "{COKO III}: the {Cooper-Koz} Chess Program", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "411--427", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:56:03 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#KozdrowickiC73", abstract = "COKO III is a chess player written entirely in Fortran. On the IBM 360-65, COKO III plays a minimal chess game at the rate of. 2 sec cpu time per move, with a level close to lower chess club play. A selective tree searching procedure controlled by tactical chess logistics allows a deployment of multiple minimal game calculations to achieve some optimal move selection. In addition, an interesting phenomenon called a tree searching catastrophe has plagued COKO's entire development just as it troubles a human player. Standard exponential growth is curbed to a large extent by the definition and trimming of the Fischer set. Representation of the chess environment is described along with a strategic preanalysis procedure that maps the Lasker regions. Specific chess algorithms are described which could be used as a command structure by anyone desiring to do some chess program experimentation. A comparison is made of some mysterious actions of human players and COKO III.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7810 (Social and behavioural sciences computing)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Davis, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "artificial intelligence; chess program; COKO III; computer systems programming; FORTRAN; games of skill; heuristic programming; minimal chess game; selective searching; tree searching", oldlabel = "KozdrowickiC73", treatment = "A Application", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/KozdrowickiC73", } @Article{Howard:1973:MSD, author = "John H. {Howard, Jr.}", title = "Mixed Solutions for the Deadlock Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "427--430", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Parallel/Multi.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Howard73", abstract = "Mixtures of detection, avoidance, and prevention provide more effective and practical solutions to the deadlock problem than any one of these alone. The individual techniques can be tailored for subproblems of resource allocation and still operate together to prevent deadlocks. This paper presents a method, based on the concept of the hierarchical operating system, for constructing appropriate mixtures and suggests appropriate subsystems for the most frequently occurring resource allocation problems.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Texas, Austin, TX, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer operating systems; computer systems programming --- Multiprogramming; deadlock problem; deadlocks; hierarchical systems; mixed solutions; multiprogramming; operating systems; operating systems (computers); resource allocation", oldlabel = "Howard73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Howard73", } @Article{Gelenbe:1973:DPP, author = "Erol Gelenbe", title = "Distribution of a Program in Primary and Fast Buffer Storage", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "431--434", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Gelenbe73a", abstract = "A virtual memory computer system with a fast buffer (cache) memory between primary memory and central processing unit is considered. The optimal distribution of a program between the buffer and primary memory is studied using the program's lifetime function. Expressions for the distribution of a program which maximizes the useful fraction of the cost-time integral of primary and fast buffer storage are obtained for swapping and nonswapping buffer management policies.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "cache; computer systems programming; cost time integral; distribution of a program; fast buffer; function; lifetime; lifetime function; storage; virtual memory; virtual memory computer system; virtual storage", oldlabel = "Gelenbe73a", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Gelenbe73a", } @Article{Rosin:1973:TAP, author = "Robert F. Rosin", title = "Teaching ``About Programming''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "435--438", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rosin73", abstract = "This paper presents the goals and organization of a course about programming designed to provide entering students in a graduate program with a cultural enrichment in their professional lives. The students are expected to have taken at least two programming courses prior to this one and, therefore, to be familiar with at least two programming languages, both as students and users. Teaching someone how to program is similar to teaching him to play a musical instrument: neither skill can be taught-they must be learned. However, the teacher still serves several vital purposes: to present a set of rules for producing well-formed utterances; to offer numerous demonstrations of his own skill; and to function as an involved critic. Finally, the teacher is the source of information about the process in which the student is involved.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C6110 (Systems analysis and programming)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Aarhus, Denmark", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer systems programming; education; professionalism; programming; programming concepts; teaching", oldlabel = "Rosin73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rosin73", xxpages = "435--439", } @Article{McFarlan:1973:CRG, author = "F. Warren McFarlan and Richard L. Nolan", title = "Curriculum Recommendations for Graduate Professional Programs in Information Systems: Recommended Addendum on Information Systems Administration", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "439--441", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:49 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#McFarlanN73", abstract = "An addendum to the Report of the ACM Curriculum Committee on Computer Education for Management is proposed. The proposed addendum is to include in the curriculum a course on Information Systems administration. It is important for two reasons: (1) the systems designer must understand the administrative framework in which he must operate to work effectively, and (2) an important objective of the curriculum recommendations is to prepare the future manager of the computer activity. \par It is felt that the importance of these two reasons justifies the addition of the recommended course. \par The course is outlined in the format of the original report.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training); C0310 (EDP management); C7100 (Business and administration)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "administration; computer management; curriculum recommendations; education; information retrieval systems; information systems; information systems administration; information systems management; management; management information systems", oldlabel = "McFarlanN73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McFarlanN73", xxpages = "439--442", } @Article{Kandel:1973:CSS, author = "Abraham Kandel", title = "Computer Science --- Seminars for Undergraduates", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "442--442", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:35 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Kandel73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C0220 (Computing education and training)", corpsource = "New Mexico Inst. Mining Technol., Soccorro., NM, USA", keywords = "computer science; curriculum; digital computers; education; fuzzy educational structure; imprecise synthesis; seminars; undergraduates", oldlabel = "Kandel73", treatment = "G General Review; P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kandel73", } @Article{vonBochmann:1973:MEL, author = "Gregor von Bochmann", title = "Multiple Exits from a Loop Without the {GOTO}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "443--444", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:07 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bochmann73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140 (Programming languages)", corpsource = "Univ. Montreal, Que., Canada", keywords = "control structures; exit statement; from loops; goto free programming; multiple exits; multiple exits from loops; programming languages", oldlabel = "Bochmann73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bochmann73", } @Article{Hall:1973:EBA, author = "Patrick A. V. Hall", title = "Equivalence Between {AND\slash OR} Graphs and Context-Free Grammars", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "444--445", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:47:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hall73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C4210 (Formal logic)", corpsource = "City Univ., London, UK", keywords = "AND/OR graphs; artificial intelligence; context free grammars; context-free grammars; equivalance; graph theory; language theory", oldlabel = "Hall73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hall73", } @Article{Fiala:1973:AAS, author = "Frantisek Fiala", title = "{ACM Algorithm 449}: Solution of Linear Programming Problems in $0$-$1$ Variables [{H1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "445--447", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:27 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Fiala73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Alberta, Edmonton, Alta., Canada", keywords = "FORTRAN; linear programming; subroutine; subroutines; zero one programming", oldlabel = "Fiala73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fiala73", } @Article{Kernighan:1973:RAM, author = "Brian W. Kernighan", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 422: Minimal Spanning Tree}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "448--448", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:54:32 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Kernighan73", note = "See \cite{Whitney:1972:AAM}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs. Inc., Murray Hill, NJ, USA", keywords = "minimal spanning tree; Prim algorithm; spanning tree; subroutine; trees (mathematical)", oldlabel = "Kernighan73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Kernighan73", } @Article{Macleod:1973:RAH, author = "I. D. G. Macleod and A. M. Collins", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting Program''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "448--448", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MacleodC73", note = "See remark \cite{Williamson:1972:AAH,Ellis:1974:RAHb,Gaither:1974:RAH,Williamson:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Australian Nat. Univ., Canberra, Australia", keywords = "computer graphics; data handling; hidden line; surface plot", oldlabel = "MacleodC73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MacleodC73", } @Article{Nikolai:1973:CAD, author = "Paul J. Nikolai", title = "Certification of ``{Algorithm 407}: {DIFSUB} for Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "7", pages = "448--448", month = jul, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:09:36 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Nikolai73", note = "See \cite{Gear:1971:AAD}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH, USA", keywords = "boundary value; certification; differential equations; DIFSUB; ordinary differential equations; problems", oldlabel = "Nikolai73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Nikolai73", } @Article{Smith:1973:LPW, author = "Michael H. Smith", title = "A Learning Program Which Plays Partnership Dominoes", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "462--467", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:22:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Smith73", abstract = "A learning program has been written in BASIC to play four-player partnership dominoes. Because dominoes is a game of incomplete information, the program uses somewhat different principles of artificial intelligence from those used in programs for games of complete information, such as checkers, chess, and go. The program was constructed to use a ``strategy signature table'' which classifies board situations through the interactions of game parameters. Each entry in the table contains adaptively determined weights indicating the advisability of various strategies. Once chosen, a strategy then employs probability analysis and linear polynomial evaluation to choose a move. Our program wins approximately two-thirds of its games in tournament situations, and has defeated championship players.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C1230 (Artificial intelligence); C7890 (Other special applications of computing)", classification = "461; 912", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "artificial intelligence; BASIC; game playing; games of skill; heuristic; intelligence; learning program; learning: heuristic procedures; partnership dominoes; problem; programming; solving; systems science and cybernetics", oldlabel = "Smith73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Smith73", } @Article{MacLennan:1973:FAB, author = "B. J. MacLennan", title = "{Fen} --- an Axiomatic Basis for Program Semantics", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "468--474", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05 (02G99)", MRnumber = "51 9561", MRreviewer = "W. D. Maurer", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MacLennan73", abstract = "The notions of data item, function, and relation. It is argued that the system is more suitable than set theory (or its derivatives) for the concise and accurate description of program semantics. It is shown how the system can be used to build composite data types out of simper ones with the operations of rowing, structuring, and uniting. It is also demonstrated that completely new primitive types can be introduced into languages through the mechanism of singleton data types. Both deterministic and nondeterministic functions are shown to be definable in the system. \par It is described how the local environment can be modeled as a data item and how imperative statements can be considered functions on the environment. The nature of recursive functions is briefly discussed, and a technique is presented by which they can be introduced into the system. The technique is contrasted with the use of the paradoxical combinator, Y. The questions of local and global environments and of various modes of function calling and parameter passing are touched upon. The theory is applied to the proof of several elementary theorems concerning the semantics of the assignment, conditional, and iterative statements. An appendix is included which presents in detail the formal system governing webs and fen, the abstractions used informally in the body of the paper.", abstract2 = "A formal system is presented which abstracts the notions of data item, function, and relation. It is shown how the system can be used to build composite data types out of simpler ones with the operations of rowing, structuring, and uniting. It is also demonstrated that completely new primitive types can be introduced into languages through the mechanism of singleton data types. Both deterministic and nondeterministic functions are shown to be definable in the system. It is described how the local environment can be modeled as a data item and how imperative statements can be considered functions on the environment. The nature of recursive functions is briefly discussed, and a technique is presented by which they can be introduced into the system.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "axioms; computer metatheory; correctness; data; data structures; data types; definition; description languages; extensible languages; fen; formal description; formal language; formal language definition; formal languages; formal systems; lambda-calculus; models of computation; modes; semantics; types", oldlabel = "MacLennan73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MacLennan73", } @Article{Misunas:1973:PNS, author = "David Misunas", title = "{Petri} Nets and Speed Independent Design", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "474--481", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:42 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/async.circuits.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Misunas73", abstract = "Petri nets are investigated as one method of modeling speed independent asynchronous circuits. A study of circuit realization of Petri nets leads to a demonstration of their usefulness in modeling speed independent operation. This usefulness is emphasized by the design of a speed independent processor from modules developed in the investigation of Petri net implementation.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4230D (Sequential switching theory); C5210 (Logic design methods)", classification = "721; 723", corpsource = "MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "asynchronous circuits; asynchronous sequential logic; design; logic design; Petri nets; speed independent", oldlabel = "Misunas73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Misunas73", } @Article{Machura:1973:AAR, author = "Marek Machura and Andrzej Mulawa", title = "{ACM Algorithm 450}: {Rosenbrock} Function Minimization [{E4}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "482--483", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:40 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MachuraM73", note = "See remarks \cite{Bultheel:1974:RAR,Klemes:1974:RAR,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Davies:1976:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Inst. Automation and Measurements, Warsaw, Poland", keywords = "direct search; FORTRAN; function minimization; minimisation; Rosenbrock; subroutine; subroutines; unconstrained problem", oldlabel = "MachuraM73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MachuraM73", } @Article{Goldstein:1973:AAC, author = "Richard B. Goldstein", title = "{ACM Algorithm 451}: Chi-Square Quantiles [{G1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "483--485", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:14 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Goldstein73", note = "See certification \cite{Knight:1975:CAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Providence Coll., RI, USA", keywords = "Chi square quantiles; probability; statistic; statistics; subroutines", oldlabel = "Goldstein73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Goldstein73", } @Article{Liu:1973:AAE, author = "C. N. Liu and D. T. Tang", title = "{ACM Algorithm 452}: Enumerating Combinations of $m$ Out of $n$ Objects [{G6}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "485--485", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:59:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#LiuT73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA", keywords = "combinations; FORTRAN; NXCBN; permutations; statistics; subroutines", oldlabel = "LiuT73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/LiuT73", } @Article{Piessens:1973:AAG, author = "Robert Piessens", title = "{ACM Algorithm 453}: {Gaussian} Quadrature Formulas for {Bromwich}'s Integral [{D1}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "486--487", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:42 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Piessens73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium", keywords = "BROMIN; Bromwich's integral; complex; FORTRAN; Gaussian quadrature formulas; integration; Laplace transform; Laplace transforms; numerical inversion; subroutines", oldlabel = "Piessens73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Piessens73", } @Article{Richardson:1973:AAC, author = "Joel A. Richardson and J. L. Kuester", title = "{ACM Algorithm 454}: The Complex Method for Constrained Optimization [{E4}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "487--489", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:15:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#RichardsonK73", note = "See remark \cite{Shere:1974:RAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA", keywords = "Box's algorithm; complex method; constrained optimization; FORTRAN; maximum; multivariable; nonlinear function; optimisation; subroutines", oldlabel = "RichardsonK73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RichardsonK73", } @Article{Andrejkova:1973:RCA, author = "G. Andrejkova and J. Vinar", title = "Remark and Certification on ``{Algorithm 404}: Complex Gamma Function''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "489--489", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:21:31 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#AndrejkovaV73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Safarik Univ., Kosice, Czechoslovakia", keywords = "algorithm; certification; comment; complex gamma function; functions", oldlabel = "AndrejkovaV73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/AndrejkovaV73", } @Article{DeMorgan:1973:RAE, author = "Richard M. {De Morgan}", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 357: An Efficient Prime Number Generator [A1]}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "489--489", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:05:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Morgan73", note = "See \cite{Singleton:1969:AAEb}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Digital Equipment Co. Ltd., Reading, UK", keywords = "algorithm; mathematics; prime number generator", oldlabel = "Morgan73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Morgan73", } @Article{Watkins:1973:RAG, author = "Richard P. Watkins", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 412}: Graph Plotter''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "489--490", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:28:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Watkins73", note = "See \cite{Cermak:1971:AAG}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Royal Melbourne Inst. Technol., Vic., Australia", keywords = "algorithm; computer graphics; graph plotter; plotters", oldlabel = "Watkins73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Watkins73", } @Article{Byrne:1973:HMR, author = "J. G. Byrne", title = "{Hu-Tucker} minimum redundancy alphabetic coding method", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "490--490", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Trinity Coll., Dublin, Ireland", keywords = "algorithm; alphabetic coding method; encoding; Hu; minimum redundancy; Tucker", treatment = "P Practical", } @Article{Good:1973:CQ, author = "A. J. Good", title = "{Clenshaw--Curtis} quadrature", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "490--490", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Tue Mar 25 13:26:09 MST 1997", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Systems, Sci. and Software, La Jolla, CA, USA", keywords = "algorithm; Clenshaw Curtis quadrature; integration", treatment = "P Practical", } @Article{Williams:1973:RAL, author = "Edward J. Williams", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 429}: Localization of the Roots of a Polynomial''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "490--490", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Williams73a", note = "See \cite{Squire:1972:AAL,Driessen:1973:RAL}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI, USA", keywords = "algorithm; localization; polynomials; roots of a polynomial", oldlabel = "Williams73a", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williams73a", } @Article{Byrne:1973:RAH, author = "J. G. Byrne", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 428}: {Hu-Tucker} Minimum Redundancy Alphabetic Coding Method''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "490--??", year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:11 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Byrne73", note = "See \cite{Yohe:1972:AAH}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Byrne73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Byrne73", } @Article{Good:1973:RAC, author = "Albert J. Good", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 424}: {Clenshaw--Curtis} Quadrature''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "490--??", year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:45:23 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Good73", note = "See \cite{Gentleman:1972:AAC}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "Good73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Good73", } @Article{Manna:1973:IMP, author = "Zohar Manna and Stephen Ness and Jean Vuillemin", title = "Inductive Methods for Proving Properties of Programs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "491--502", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05", MRnumber = "51 2331", MRreviewer = "W. D. Maurer", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:01:27 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/ml.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MannaNV73", abstract = "There are two main purposes in this paper: first, clarification and extension of known results about computation of recursive programs, with emphasis on the difference between the theoretical and practical approaches; second, presentation and examination of various known methods for proving properties of recursive programs. Discussed in detail are two powerful inductive methods, computational induction and structural induction, including examples of their application.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Stanford Univ., CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computability and decidability; computation induction; computer metatheory; inductive methods; least fixedpoint; programming theory; properties of programs; proving; recursive programs; structural induction", oldlabel = "MannaNV73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MannaNV73", xxauthor = "Zohar Manna and Stephen Nes and Jean Vuillemin", } @Article{Peterson:1973:CWR, author = "W. W. Peterson and Tadao Kasami and Nobuki Tokura", title = "On the Capabilities of While, Repeat, and Exit Statements", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "503--512", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A05", MRnumber = "51 4707", MRreviewer = "J. E. L. Peck", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:12:24 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#PetersonKT73", abstract = "A well-formed program is defined as a program in which loops and if statements are properly nested and can be entered only at their beginning. A corresponding definition is given for a well-formed flowchart. It is shown that a program is well formed if and only if it can be written with if, repeat, and multi-level exit statements for sequence control. It is also shown that if, while, and repeat statements with single-level exit do not suffice. It is also shown that any flowchart can be converted to a well-formed flowchart by node splitting. Practical implications are discussed.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "capabilities; computer metatheory; exit; exit statement; flowchart; go to statement; node splitting; programming theory; repeat statement; software reliability; statement; well formed program; well-formed program; while statement", oldlabel = "PetersonKT73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/PetersonKT73", } @Article{Foster:1973:GAT, author = "Caxton C. Foster", title = "A Generalization of {AVL} Trees", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "8", pages = "513--517", month = aug, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:40:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Foster73", abstract = "A generalization of AVL trees is proposed in which imbalances up to (triangle shape) is a small integer. An experiment is performed to compare these trees with standard AVL trees and with balanced trees on the basis of mean retrieval time, of amount of restructuring expected, and on the worst case of retrieval time. It is shown that, by permitting imbalances of up to five units, the retrieval time is increased a small amount while the amount of restructuring required is decreased by a factor of ten. \par A few theoretical results are derived, including the correction of an earlier paper, and are duly compared with the experimental data. Reasonably good correspondence is found.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "Univ. Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "AVL trees; balanced trees; file organisation; generalisation; information retrieval systems; information storage and; information storage and retrieval; retrieval; trees (mathematical)", oldlabel = "Foster73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Foster73", } @Article{Buzen:1973:CAC, author = "Jeffrey P. Buzen", title = "Computational Algorithms for Closed Queueing Networks with Exponential Servers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "527--531", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "68A10", MRnumber = "50 15423", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:10 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Distributed/QLD/1973.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Buzen73", abstract = "Methods are presented for computing the equilibrium distribution of customers in closed queueing networks with exponential servers. Expressions for various marginal distributions are also derived. The computational algorithms are based on two-dimensional iterative techniques which are highly efficient and quite simple to implement. Implementation considerations such as storage allocation strategies and order of evaluation are examined in some detail.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Methods are presented for computing the equilibrium distribution of customers in closed queueing networks with exponential servers. Expressions for various marginal distributions are also derived.", classcodes = "B0240C (Queueing theory); C1140C (Queueing theory)", classification = "912; 922", corpsource = "Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA, USA", country = "USA", date = "14/12/79", descriptors = "Exponential queueing network; number of elements in system; method;", enum = "483", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "closed queueing networks; computational algorithms; distributions; equilibrium distributions; exponential servers; operations research; probability; queueing networks; queueing theory; steady state", language = "English", oldlabel = "Buzen73", references = "6", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Buzen73", } @Article{Ganapathy:1973:ITA, author = "S. Ganapathy and V. Rajaraman", title = "Information Theory Applied to the Conversion of Decision Tables to Computer Programs", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "532--539", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:04 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/inductive.inference.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#GanapathyR73", abstract = "Using ideas from information theory, this paper develops a heuristic algorithm that converts a limited entry decision table to a tree structured computer program with near minimum average processing time. The method is applicable to any limited entry decision table and does not require that actions have single rules or that the cost of testing conditions be equal. It is thus more general than the previously published heuristic algorithms. Compared to the optimal algorithm of Reinwald and Soland, this algorithm is easy to code and takes a much smaller translation time; it is thus felt that it is more useful in practice. The algorithm is well suited for manual conversion of decision tables to flowcharts.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory)", classification = "723; 731; 922", corpsource = "Indian Inst. Technol., New Delhi, India", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer; computer systems programming --- Decision Tables; conversion; decision tables; decision theory and analysis; information measure; information theory; optimum computer programs; programming theory; programs", oldlabel = "GanapathyR73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GanapathyR73", } @Article{Cardenas:1973:ESF, author = "Alfonso F. Cardenas", title = "Evaluation and Selection of File Organization --- {A} Model and System", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "540--548", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:33 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Cardenas73", abstract = "This work first discusses the factors that affect file (data base) organization performance, an elusive subject, and then presents a methodology, a model and a programmed system to estimate primarily total storage costs and average access time of several file organizations, given a specific data base, query characterization and device-related specifications. Based on these estimates, an appropriate file structure may be selected for the specific situation. The system is a convenient tool to study file structures and to facilitate as much as possible the process of data base structure design and evaluation.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Tree, indexed, and ring files compared for six files and various retrieval requests.", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Los Angeles, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "access time; data base; data management; data processing; data structures; design; evaluation; file management; file organisation; file organization; file structures; model; selection; simulation; storage requirement", oldlabel = "Cardenas73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Cardenas73", xxtitle = "Evaluation and Selection of File Organization --- {A} Model and a System", } @Article{Casey:1973:DTS, author = "Richard G. Casey", title = "Design of Tree Structures for Efficient Querying", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "549--556", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:29:57 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Casey73", abstract = "This paper poses an optimization problem in the design of such trees to serve a well-specified application. The problem is academic in the sense that ordinarily the optimal tree cannot be implemented by means of practical techniques. On the other hand, it is potentially useful for the comparison it affords between observed performance and that of an intuitively attractive ideal search procedure. As a practical application of such a model this paper considers the design of a novel tree search scheme based on a bit vector representation of data and shows that essentially the same algorithm can be used to design either an ideal search tree or a bit-vector tree. An experimental study of a small formatted file illustrates the concepts.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C7250 (Information storage and retrieval)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "IBM, San Jose, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "clustering; data; data structure; data structures; design; file organisation; information retrieval; information retrieval systems; information storage; information storage and; management; querying; retrieval; search; tree file; tree structures", oldlabel = "Casey73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Casey73", } @Article{Rodriguez-Rosell:1973:EWS, author = "Juan Rodriguez-Rosell", title = "Empirical Working Set Behavior", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "556--560", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:47 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Rodriguez-Rosell73", abstract = "The working set model for program behavior has been proposed in recent years as a basis for the design of scheduling and paging algorithms. Although the words ``working set'' are now commonly encountered in the literature dealing with resource allocation, there is a dearth of published data on program working set behavior. It is the purpose of this paper to present empirical data from actual program measurements, in the hope that workers in the field might find experimental evidence upon which to substantiate and base theoretical work.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation); C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Royal Inst. Technol., Stockholm, Sweden", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer metatheory; measurement; operating systems (computers); paging; program behaviour; scheduling; software; software measurement; virtual memory; virtual storage; working set", oldlabel = "Rodriguez-Rosell73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Rodriguez-Rosell73", } @Article{Gates:1973:STS, author = "Geoffrey W. Gates and David A. Poplawski", title = "A Simple Technique for Structured Variable Lookup", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "561--565", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:43:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#GatesP73", abstract = "A simple technique for the symbol-table lookup of structured variables based on simple automata theory is presented. The technique offers a deterministic solution to a problem which is currently handled in a nondeterministic manner in PL/I and COBOL compilers.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6140D (High level languages)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "automata theory; COBOL; computer programming languages; computer systems programming; deterministic; PL/1; PL/I; structured variable; table lookup", oldlabel = "GatesP73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/GatesP73", } @Article{Zelkowitz:1973:RE, author = "Marvin V. Zelkowitz", title = "Reversible Execution", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "566--566", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:31:38 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Misc/debug.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Zelkowitz73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating systems)", corpsource = "Univ. Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA", keywords = "backtracking; computer program; debugging; PL/I; program debugging; programming language; programming languages; reversible execution", oldlabel = "Zelkowitz73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Zelkowitz73", } @Article{Barnhill:1973:SKC, author = "Robert E. Barnhill and David T. Pilcher", title = "{Sard} kernels for certain bivariate cubatures", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "567--570", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", MRclass = "65D30", MRnumber = "52 2150", MRreviewer = "P. Brock", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:23:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BarnhillP73", abstract = "An error analysis for some bivariate cubatures is given. The remainders are obtained by the use of Sard kernels. Numerical results and computer graphs are given for some of the kernel functions.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290B (Error analysis in numerical methods); B0290M (Numerical integration and differentiation); C4110 (Error analysis in numerical methods); C4160 (Numerical integration and differentiation)", classification = "921", corpsource = "Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "bivariate cubatures; cubatures; error analysis; integration; mathematical techniques; numerical integration; numerical methods; remainder formulas; Sard kernels", oldlabel = "BarnhillP73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BarnhillP73", } @Article{Hunter:1973:AAA, author = "D. B. Hunter and Julia M. Williams", title = "{ACM Algorithm 455}: Analysis of Skew Representations of the Symmetric Group", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "571--572", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:51:28 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#HunterW73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Bradford, UK", keywords = "ALGOL; analysis; binary model; group theory; lattice; outer product; permutation; skew representations; subroutines; symmetric group", oldlabel = "HunterW73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/HunterW73", } @Article{Fencl:1973:AAR, author = "Zden{\v{e}}k Fencl", title = "{ACM Algorithm 456}: Routing Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "572--574", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:39:17 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Fencl73", note = "See remark \cite{Tesch:1974:RAR}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "RCA, Marlborough, MA, USA", keywords = "FORTRAN; graph theory; Hamiltonian circuit; optimisation; routing problem; shortest path; subroutines; travelling salesman problem", oldlabel = "Fencl73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fencl73", } @Article{Bron:1973:AAF, author = "Coen Bron and Joep Kerbosch", title = "{ACM Algorithm 457}: Finding All Cliques of an Undirected Graph", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "575--577", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:12 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/graph.coloring.bib and ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Theory/clique.color.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BronK73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "An implicit enumeration algorithm for listing all cliques in a graph. Includes easily translated code.", classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Technol. Univ., Eindhoven, Netherlands", keywords = "ALGOL; backtracking algorithm; branch and bound technique; cliques; clusters; fgraph coloring related clique backtracking branch and bound; graph theory; maximal complete; recursion; subgraph; subroutines; undirected graph", oldlabel = "BronK73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BronK73", } @Article{Roy:1973:RAG, author = "Mohit Kumar Roy", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 323}: Generation of Permutations in Lexicographic Order [{G6}]''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "577--578", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:17:27 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Roy73a", note = "See \cite{Ord-Smith:1968:AAG,Leitch:1969:CGP}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Jadavpur Univ., Calcutta, India", keywords = "algorithm; generation; lexicographic order; permutations; statistics", oldlabel = "Roy73a", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Roy73a", } @Article{Lawrence:1973:RAS, author = "E. E. Lawrence", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 408}: {A} Sparse Matrix Package''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "578--578", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:55 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lawrence73", note = "See \cite{McNamee:1971:AAS,Sale:1973:SMP}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Mullard Ltd., Mitcham, UK", keywords = "algorithm; matrix algebra; sparse matrix package", oldlabel = "Lawrence73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lawrence73", } @Article{Williamson:1973:RAH, author = "Hugh Williamson", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 420}: Hidden-Line Plotting Program''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "578--579", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:30:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Williamson73", note = "See \cite{Williamson:1972:AAH,Macleod:1973:RAH,Ellis:1974:RAHa,Ellis:1974:RAHb,Gaither:1974:RAH}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Nat. Con-Serv. Inc., Austin, TX, USA", keywords = "algorithm; computer graphics; data handling; hidden line plotting; program", oldlabel = "Williamson73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Williamson73", } @Article{Driessen:1973:RAL, author = "H. B. Driessen and E. W. LeM. Hunt", title = "Remark on ``{Algorithm 429: Localization of the Roots of a Polynomial}''", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "9", pages = "579--579", month = sep, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:46 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#DriessenH73", note = "See \cite{Squire:1972:AAL,Williams:1973:RAL}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290H (Linear algebra); C4140 (Linear algebra); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, The Hague, Netherlands", keywords = "algorithm; localization; polynomial; polynomials; roots", oldlabel = "DriessenH73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/DriessenH73", } @Article{McGeachie:1973:MTU, author = "John S. McGeachie", title = "Multiple Terminals Under User Program Control in a Time-Sharing Environment", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "587--590", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:02:50 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#McGeachie73", abstract = "User-written programs on the Dartmouth Time-Sharing System can communicate with many remote terminals simultaneously and can control the interactions between these terminals. Such programs can be written using standard input and output instructions in any language available on the system. This paper describes how this multiple-terminal facility was implemented without requiring any changes in the system executive or in any of the system's compilers or interpreters.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "722", corpsource = "Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer systems, digital; multiple terminals; on-line interaction; remote consoles; time sharing; time-sharing programs; user program control", oldlabel = "McGeachie73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/McGeachie73", } @Article{Bobrow:1973:MSI, author = "Daniel G. Bobrow and Ben Wegbreit", title = "A Model and Stack Implementation of Multiple Environments", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "591--603", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:27:06 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Compiler/garbage.collection.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BobrowW73", abstract = "This paper presents an implementation technique using a single stack to hold procedure activation storage which allows retention of that storage for durations not necessarily tied to control flow. The technique has the property that, in the simple case, it runs identically to the usual automatic stack allocation and deallocation procedure. Applications of this technique to multitasking, coroutines, backtracking, label-valued variables, and functional arguments are discussed. In the initial model, a single real processor is assumed, and the implementation assumes multiple-processes coordinate by passing control explicitly to one another.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer programming; control; coroutines; dendrarchy; dynamic; funarg problem; label-valued variables; model; multiple environments; multiprocessing programs; multiprocessor; multitasking; programming; retention; stack allocation; stack implementation; storage allocation; structures; systems", oldlabel = "BobrowW73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BobrowW73", } @Article{Lum:1973:GPA, author = "Vincent Y. Lum", title = "General Performance Analysis of Key-to-Address Transformation Methods Using an Abstract File Concept", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "603--612", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:00:15 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lum73", abstract = "This paper presents a new approach to the analysis of performance of the various key-to-address transformation methods. In this approach the keys in a file are assumed to have been selected from the key space according to a certain probabilistic selection algorithm. All files with the same number of keys selected from this key space will be suitably weighted in accordance with the algorithm, and the average performance of the transformation methods on these files will be used as the potential of these methods. Using this analysis, methods with the same overall performance can be classified and key distributions partial to certain transformations can be identified. All this can be done analytically. The approach is applied to a group of transformation methods using files whose keys are selected randomly.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "analysis and results using distributions from the entire key domain.", classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723; 901", corpsource = "IBM Res. Lab., San Jose, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "abstract file concept; access; direct addressing; file organisation; hashing; information retrieval systems; key to address transformation; performance analysis; random; scatter storage; storage management", oldlabel = "Lum73", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lum73", } @Article{Lampson:1973:NCP, author = "Butler W. Lampson", title = "A Note on the Confinement Problem", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "613--615", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:57:21 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lampson73", abstract = "This note explores the problem of confining a program during its execution so that it cannot transmit information to any other program except its caller. A set of examples attempts to stake out the boundaries of the problem. Necessary conditions for a solution are stated and informally justified.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Prevention of privacy leaks between programs.", classcodes = "C6130 (Data handling techniques); C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Xerox Palo Alto Res. Center, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer systems programming; confinement; leakage of data; operating systems (computers); privacy; proprietary program; protection; security; security of data", oldlabel = "Lampson73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lampson73", } @Article{Hirschberg:1973:CDM, author = "Daniel S. Hirschberg", title = "A Class of Dynamic Memory Allocation Algorithms", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "615--618", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:50:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Hirschberg73", abstract = "A new dynamic memory allocation algorithm, the Fibonacci system, is introduced. This algorithm is similar to, but seems to have certain advantages over, the ``buddy'' system. A generalization is mentioned which includes both of these systems as special cases.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Princeton Univ., NJ, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "buddy system; computer operating systems; dynamic memory allocation algorithms; dynamic storage allocation; Fibonacci; Fibonacci system; fragmentation; simulation; storage allocation", oldlabel = "Hirschberg73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Hirschberg73", } @Article{Prieve:1973:UPR, author = "Barton G. Prieve", title = "Using Page Residency to Select the Working Set Parameter", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "619--620", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:13:58 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Prieve73", abstract = "Denning's method for selecting the working set parameter, which uses interreference intervals, is examined. Several omissions in his model are noted, and new assumptions are introduced to overcome these omissions. Using this modified model, Denning's results on page residency are rederived and reconsidered for selecting the working set parameter.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4240 (Programming and algorithm theory); C6120 (File organisation)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Labs., Inc., Naperville, IL, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer operating systems; page residency; program behaviour; programming theory; virtual storage; working set parameter", oldlabel = "Prieve73", treatment = "T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Prieve73", } @Article{Millstein:1973:CSI, author = "Robert E. Millstein", title = "Control Structures in {Illiac IV Fortran}", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "621--627", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:30 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Millstein73", abstract = "As part of an effort to design and implement a Fortran compiler on the ILLIAC IV, an extended Fortran, called IVTRAN, has been developed. This language provides a means of expressing data and control structures suitable for exploiting ILLIAC IV parallelism. \par This paper reviews the hardware characteristics of the ILLIAC and singles out unconventional features which could be expected to influence language (and compiler) design. The implications of these features for data layout and algorithm structure are discussed, and the conclusion is drawn that data allocation rather than code structuring is the crucial ILLIAC optimization problem. A satisfactory method of data allocation is then presented. Language structures to utilize this storage method and express parallel algorithms are described.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6140D (High level languages); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Massachusetts Computer Associates, Inc., Wakefield, MA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "array allocation; array processing; computer programming languages; control structures; explicit parallelism; FORTRAN; ILLIAC IV; ILLIAC IV Fortran; parallel control; parallel control structures; parallel processing; parallelism detection; procedure oriented languages; program compilers; structures", oldlabel = "Millstein73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Millstein73", } @Article{Mifsud:1973:AMP, author = "Charles J. Mifsud and Michael J. Bohlen", title = "Addendum to a Multiple-Precision Division Algorithm", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "628--??", year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:18 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MifsudB73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, oldlabel = "MifsudB73", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MifsudB73", } @Article{Robers:1973:AAD, author = "P. D. Robers and S. S. Robers", title = "{ACM Algorithm 458}: Discrete Linear ${L}_1$ Approximation by Interval Linear Programming [{E2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "629--631", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:16:25 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#RobersR73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0260 (Optimisation techniques); B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation); C1180 (Optimisation techniques); C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Ernst and Ernst, Washington, DC, USA", keywords = "discrete linear; FORTRAN; function approximation; interval linear programming; L/sub 1/ approximation; linear programming; suboptimisation method; subroutine; subroutines", oldlabel = "RobersR73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/RobersR73", } @Article{Syslo:1973:AAE, author = "Maciej M. Syslo", title = "{ACM Algorithm 459}: The Elementary Circuits of a Graph [{H}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "632--633", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:25:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Syslo73", note = "See remark \cite{Syslo:1975:RAE}.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Wroclaw, Poland", keywords = "ALGOL; elementary circuits; graph; graph theory; path search algorithm; subroutines", oldlabel = "Syslo73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Syslo73", } @Article{Saylor:1973:AAC, author = "Paul E. Saylor and James D. Sebastian", title = "{ACM Algorithm 460}: Calculation of Optimum Parameters for Alternating Direction Implicit Procedures [{D3}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "633--635", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:19:09 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#SaylorS73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290P (Differential equations); C4170 (Differential equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA", keywords = "alternating direction implicit; differential equations; elliptic difference; equations; FORTRAN; optimum parameters; procedures; simultaneous equations; subroutine; subroutines", oldlabel = "SaylorS73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/SaylorS73", } @Article{Burkowski:1973:AAC, author = "Forbes J. Burkowski and W. D. Hoskins", title = "{ACM Algorithm 461}: Cubic Spline Solutions to a Class of Functional Differential Equations [{D2}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "635--637", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:28:54 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#BurkowskiH73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "B0290F (Interpolation and function approximation); B0290P (Differential equations); C4130 (Interpolation and function approximation); C4170 (Differential equations); C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg, Man., Canada", keywords = "(mathematics); boundary value problem; boundary-value problems; cubic spline solutions; differential equations; FORTRAN; functional differential equations; piecewise continuous approximation; splines; SPNBVF; subroutine; subroutines", oldlabel = "BurkowskiH73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/BurkowskiH73", } @Article{Donnelly:1973:AAB, author = "Thomas G. Donnelly", title = "{ACM Algorithm 462}: Bivariate Normal Distribution [{S15}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "638--638", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:36:33 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Donnelly73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C7310 (Mathematics computing)", corpsource = "Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA", keywords = "bivariate normal distribution; FORTRAN; frequency distribution; statistics; subroutine; subroutines", oldlabel = "Donnelly73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Donnelly73", } @Article{Lewart:1973:AAA, author = "C. R. Lewart", title = "{ACM Algorithm 463}: Algorithms {SCALE1}, {SCALE2}, and {SCALE3} for Determination of Scales on Computer Generated Plots [{J6}]", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "10", pages = "639--640", month = oct, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:58:44 MST 2001", bibsource = "http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Lewart73", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C5540 (Terminals and graphic displays); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Bell Telephone Lab., Inc., Holmdel, NJ, USA", keywords = "algorithms; computer generated plots; computer graphics; determination of; FORTRAN; SCALE 1; SCALE 2; SCALE 3; scales; subroutines", oldlabel = "Lewart73", treatment = "P Practical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Lewart73", } @Article{Bachman:1973:PN, author = "Charles W. Bachman", title = "The Programmer as Navigator", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "11", pages = "653--658", month = nov, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", DOI = "http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/355611.362534", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:22:31 MST 2001", bibsource = "ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Graefe.bib; ftp://ftp.ira.uka.de/pub/bibliography/Database/Wiederhold.bib; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Bachman73", note = "This is the 1973 ACM Turing Award Lecture.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, annote = "Turing award acceptance speech-general view of the state of database work from a DBTG originator.", classcodes = "C6110 (Systems analysis and programming); C6120 (File organisation); C6130 (Data handling techniques)", corpsource = "Honeywell Information Systems Inc., Waltham, MA, USA", keywords = "access; addressing; data handling; database; file organisation; network hierarchical data model CACM; programmer; programming", oldlabel = "Bachman73", treatment = "G General Review", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Bachman73", } @Article{Fabry:1973:DVO, author = "Robert S. Fabry", title = "Dynamic Verification of Operating System Decisions", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "11", pages = "659--668", month = nov, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:38:26 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#Fabry73", abstract = "Dynamic verification of a decision implies that every time the decision is made there is a consistency check performed on the decision using independent hardware and software. The dynamic verification of operating system decisions is used on the PRIME system being designed and constructed at the University of California, Berkeley. PRIME is an experimental time-sharing system which is to have the properties of continuous availability, data privacy, and cost effectiveness. The technique of dynamic verification allows the construction of an operating system which does not make certain decisions improperly even in the presence of a single hardware or software fault. Furthermore, multiple faults lead to unreliable operation only if the faults happen to reinforce each other. On PRIME, dynamic verification is used to ensure that one user's information cannot become available to another user gratuitously even in the presence of a single hardware or software fault.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C6150G (Diagnostic, testing, debugging and evaluating systems); C6150J (Operating systems)", classification = "722; 723", corpsource = "Univ. California, Berkeley, CA, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "computer operating systems; computer systems; computer systems, digital; data privacy; data security; dynamic verification; fault tolerance; modular; operating systems; operating systems (computers); program verification; reliability; security of data; software", oldlabel = "Fabry73", treatment = "P Practical; X Experimental", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/Fabry73", } @Article{Mickunas:1973:PGS, author = "M. Dennis Mickunas and Victor B. Schneider", title = "A Parser-Generating System for Constructing Compressed Compilers", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "11", pages = "669--676", month = nov, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 07:04:20 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database; http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/cacm/cacm16.html#MikunasS73", abstract = "This paper describes a parser-generating system (PGS) currently in use on the CDC-6500 computer at Purdue University. The PGS is a FORTRAN-coded program that accepts a translation grammar as input and constructs from it a compact, machine-coded compiler. In the input translation grammar, each BNF syntactic rule corresponds to a (possibly empty) ``code generator'' realizable as an assembly language, FORTRAN or Algol, subroutine that is called whenever that syntactic rule is applied in the parse of a program. Typical one-pass compilers constructed by the PGS translate source programs at speeds approaching 14,000 cards per minute. For an XPL compiler, the parser program and its tables currently occupy 288 words of 60-bit core memory of which 140 words are parsing table entries and 82 words are links to code generators.", acknowledgement = ack-nhfb, classcodes = "C4210 (Formal logic); C4220 (Automata theory); C6150C (Compilers, interpreters and other processors)", classification = "723", corpsource = "Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN, USA", journalabr = "Commun ACM", keywords = "BNF; compression algorithm; computer operating systems --- Program Compilers; computer programming languages; data compression; grammars; interpreters; parser generators; program; program compilers; pushdown automata; syntactic analysis; translation grammars; translator writing systems", oldlabel = "MikunasS73", treatment = "A Application; T Theoretical or Mathematical", XMLdata = "ftp://ftp.informatik.uni-trier.de/pub/users/Ley/bib/records.tar.gz#journals/cacm/MikunasS73", } @Article{Jordan:1973:SCA, author = "B. W. {Jordan, Jr.} and R. C. Barrett", title = "Scan Conversion Algorithm with Reduced Storage Requirements", journal = j-CACM, volume = "16", number = "11", pages = "676--682", month = nov, year = "1973", CODEN = "CACMA2", ISSN = "0001-0782", bibdate = "Mon Jan 22 06:53:13 MST 2001", bibsource = "Compendex database;